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New environmental policy instruments to realize forest expansion in Flanders (northern Belgium): a base for smart regulation?

Peter Van Gossum UGent, Liselot Ledene UGent, Bas Arts, Rik De Vreese, Gudrun Van Langenhove and Kris Verheyen UGent (2009) LAND USE POLICY. 26(4). p.935-946
abstract
This paper evaluates the current instrument mix, designs options for smart regulation and estimates the support base of new instruments for the forest expansion policy in Flanders (northern Belgium). The framework applied is a combination of theories on instrument choice (ICT), policy transfer and legitimacy. The ICT points out that there is a need for new environmental policy instruments (NEPI) oriented to private actors that inform them or create win-win situations for all involved parties. The need is especially high for farmers, who are key actors. The policy transfer analysis suggested instruments currently in use in the Netherlands, England and Denmark that can fulfill these needs. However, the acceptability - or legitimacy - of the suggested instruments in Flanders is only high for three of these, notably the carbon fund, flexible grant scheme and expert advice (especially by forest groups). This largely fills some smart regulation gaps, like the need for information (expert advice), the involvement of other institutional actors (certifiers, forest groups) and the higher involvement of the private sector (all). However, some gaps, such as flexible land purchase through cooperation with real estate agents or other private agents and opportunities for win-win outcomes with farmers, remain. Thus, it is not possible to fully optimize the instrument mix in accordance with the smart regulation requirements in Flanders' forest expansion policy at this moment. However, as continuity or incremental change is characteristic of most public policy, this does not mean that the suggested changes will be impossible in the near future, especially with the changing character of the rural space. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
GOVERNANCE, MANAGEMENT, RURAL-DEVELOPMENT, EPISTEMIC COMMUNITIES, Forest group, Land purchase, Image building, Carbon fund, Legitimacy, Instrument choice theory, Policy transfer, OWNERS, VIEW, IMPLEMENTATION, AFFORESTATION, CHALLENGES, GOVERNMENT
journal title
LAND USE POLICY
Land Use Pol.
volume
26
issue
4
pages
935 - 946
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000266197500008
JCR category
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
JCR impact factor
2.355 (2009)
JCR rank
7/66 (2009)
JCR quartile
1 (2009)
ISSN
0264-8377
DOI
10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.11.005
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
527239
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-527239
date created
2009-03-22 19:58:24
date last changed
2009-09-22 13:35:41
@article{527239,
  abstract     = {This paper evaluates the current instrument mix, designs options for smart regulation and estimates the support base of new instruments for the forest expansion policy in Flanders (northern Belgium). The framework applied is a combination of theories on instrument choice (ICT), policy transfer and legitimacy. The ICT points out that there is a need for new environmental policy instruments (NEPI) oriented to private actors that inform them or create win-win situations for all involved parties. The need is especially high for farmers, who are key actors. The policy transfer analysis suggested instruments currently in use in the Netherlands, England and Denmark that can fulfill these needs. However, the acceptability - or legitimacy - of the suggested instruments in Flanders is only high for three of these, notably the carbon fund, flexible grant scheme and expert advice (especially by forest groups). This largely fills some smart regulation gaps, like the need for information (expert advice), the involvement of other institutional actors (certifiers, forest groups) and the higher involvement of the private sector (all). However, some gaps, such as flexible land purchase through cooperation with real estate agents or other private agents and opportunities for win-win outcomes with farmers, remain. Thus, it is not possible to fully optimize the instrument mix in accordance with the smart regulation requirements in Flanders' forest expansion policy at this moment. However, as continuity or incremental change is characteristic of most public policy, this does not mean that the suggested changes will be impossible in the near future, especially with the changing character of the rural space. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Van Gossum, Peter and Ledene, Liselot and Arts, Bas and De Vreese, Rik and Van Langenhove, Gudrun and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {0264-8377},
  journal      = {LAND USE POLICY},
  keyword      = {GOVERNANCE,MANAGEMENT,RURAL-DEVELOPMENT,EPISTEMIC COMMUNITIES,Forest group,Land purchase,Image building,Carbon fund,Legitimacy,Instrument choice theory,Policy transfer,OWNERS,VIEW,IMPLEMENTATION,AFFORESTATION,CHALLENGES,GOVERNMENT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {935--946},
  title        = {New environmental policy instruments to realize forest expansion in Flanders (northern Belgium): a base for smart regulation?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.11.005},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Van Gossum, Peter, Liselot Ledene, Bas Arts, Rik De Vreese, Gudrun Van Langenhove, and Kris Verheyen. 2009. “New Environmental Policy Instruments to Realize Forest Expansion in Flanders (northern Belgium): a Base for Smart Regulation?” Land Use Policy 26 (4): 935–946.
APA
Van Gossum, P., Ledene, L., Arts, B., De Vreese, R., Van Langenhove, G., & Verheyen, K. (2009). New environmental policy instruments to realize forest expansion in Flanders (northern Belgium): a base for smart regulation? LAND USE POLICY, 26(4), 935–946.
Vancouver
1.
Van Gossum P, Ledene L, Arts B, De Vreese R, Van Langenhove G, Verheyen K. New environmental policy instruments to realize forest expansion in Flanders (northern Belgium): a base for smart regulation? LAND USE POLICY. 2009;26(4):935–46.
MLA
Van Gossum, Peter, Liselot Ledene, Bas Arts, et al. “New Environmental Policy Instruments to Realize Forest Expansion in Flanders (northern Belgium): a Base for Smart Regulation?” LAND USE POLICY 26.4 (2009): 935–946. Print.