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Proactive adjustments of response strategies in the stop-signal paradigm

Frederick Verbruggen UGent and Gordon D. Logan (2009) Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance. 35(3). p.835-854
abstract
In the stop-signal paradigm, fast responses are harder to inhibit than slow responses, SO Subjects must balance speed is the go task with successful stopping in the stop task. In theory, subjects achieve this balance by adjusting response thresholds for the go task, making proactive adjustments in response to instructions that indicate that relevant stop signals are likely to Occur. The 5 experiments reported here tested this theoretical claim, presenting cues that indicated whether or not stop signals were relevant for the next few trials. Subjects made proactive response-strategy adjustment,., it) each experiment: Diffusion-model fits showed that response threshold increased when participants expected stop signals to occur. slowing go responses and increasing accuracy. Furthermore, the results Show that subjects can make proactive response-strategy adjustments on a trial-by-trial basis, suggesting it flexible cognitive system that can proactively adjust itself in changing environments.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
journal title
Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
J. Exp. Psychol.-Hum. Percept. Perform.
volume
35
issue
3
pages
835 - 854
publisher
American Psychological Association.
place of publication
Washington, UNITED STATES
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000266512100016
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
3.065 (2009)
JCR rank
14/71 (2009)
JCR quartile
1 (2009)
ISSN
0096-1523
DOI
10.1037/a0012726
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
525384
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-525384
date created
2009-03-19 11:04:12
date last changed
2009-08-11 16:00:09
@article{525384,
  abstract     = {In the stop-signal paradigm, fast responses are harder to inhibit than slow responses, SO Subjects must balance speed is the go task with successful stopping in the stop task. In theory, subjects achieve this balance by adjusting response thresholds for the go task, making proactive adjustments in response to instructions that indicate that relevant stop signals are likely to Occur. The 5 experiments reported here tested this theoretical claim, presenting cues that indicated whether or not stop signals were relevant for the next few trials. Subjects made proactive response-strategy adjustment,., it) each experiment: Diffusion-model fits showed that response threshold increased when participants expected stop signals to occur. slowing go responses and increasing accuracy. Furthermore, the results Show that subjects can make proactive response-strategy adjustments on a trial-by-trial basis, suggesting it flexible cognitive system that can proactively adjust itself in changing environments.},
  author       = {Verbruggen, Frederick and Logan, Gordon D.},
  issn         = {0096-1523},
  journal      = {Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {835--854},
  publisher    = {American Psychological Association.},
  title        = {Proactive adjustments of response strategies in the stop-signal paradigm},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0012726},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Verbruggen, Frederick, and Gordon D. Logan. 2009. “Proactive Adjustments of Response Strategies in the Stop-signal Paradigm.” Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance 35 (3): 835–854.
APA
Verbruggen, F., & Logan, G. D. (2009). Proactive adjustments of response strategies in the stop-signal paradigm. Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance, 35(3), 835–854.
Vancouver
1.
Verbruggen F, Logan GD. Proactive adjustments of response strategies in the stop-signal paradigm. Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance. Washington, UNITED STATES: American Psychological Association.; 2009;35(3):835–54.
MLA
Verbruggen, Frederick, and Gordon D. Logan. “Proactive Adjustments of Response Strategies in the Stop-signal Paradigm.” Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance 35.3 (2009): 835–854. Print.