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Automatic and controlled response inhibition: associative learning in the go/no-go and stop-signal paradigms

Frederick Verbruggen UGent and Gordon D. Logan (2008) Journal of experimental psychology. General. 137(4). p.649-672
abstract
In 5 experiments, the authors examined the development of automatic response inhibition in the go/no-go paradigm and a modified version of the stop-signal paradigm. They hypothesized that automatic response inhibition may develop over practice when stimuli are consistently associated with stopping. All 5 experiments consisted of a training phase and a test phase in which the stimulus mapping was reversed for a subset of the stimuli. Consistent with the automatic-inhibition hypothesis, the authors found that responding in the test phase was slowed when the stimulus had been consistently associated with stopping in the training phase. In addition, they found that response inhibition benefited front consistent stimulus-stop associations. These findings Suggest that response inhibition may rely on the retrieval of stimulus-stop associations after practice with consistent stimulus-stop mappings. Stimulus-stop mapping is typically consistent in the go/no-go paradigm, so automatic inhibition is likely to occur. However. stimulus-stop mapping is typically inconsistent in the stop-signal paradigm, so automatic inhibition is unlikely to occur. Thus. the results suggest that the two paradigms are not equivalent because they allow different kinds of response inhibition.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
journal title
Journal of experimental psychology. General
J. exp. psychol. Gen.
volume
137
issue
4
pages
649 - 672
publisher
American Psychological Association.
place of publication
Washington, UNITED STATES
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000260664600004
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
4.74 (2008)
JCR rank
4/71 (2008)
JCR quartile
1 (2008)
ISSN
1939-2222
0096-3445
DOI
10.1037/a0013170
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
524613
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-524613
date created
2009-03-19 09:26:55
date last changed
2010-05-12 14:33:53
@article{524613,
  abstract     = {In 5 experiments, the authors examined the development of automatic response inhibition in the go/no-go paradigm and a modified version of the stop-signal paradigm. They hypothesized that automatic response inhibition may develop over practice when stimuli are consistently associated with stopping. All 5 experiments consisted of a training phase and a test phase in which the stimulus mapping was reversed for a subset of the stimuli. Consistent with the automatic-inhibition hypothesis, the authors found that responding in the test phase was slowed when the stimulus had been consistently associated with stopping in the training phase. In addition, they found that response inhibition benefited front consistent stimulus-stop associations. These findings Suggest that response inhibition may rely on the retrieval of stimulus-stop associations after practice with consistent stimulus-stop mappings. Stimulus-stop mapping is typically consistent in the go/no-go paradigm, so automatic inhibition is likely to occur. However. stimulus-stop mapping is typically inconsistent in the stop-signal paradigm, so automatic inhibition is unlikely to occur. Thus. the results suggest that the two paradigms are not equivalent because they allow different kinds of response inhibition.},
  author       = {Verbruggen, Frederick and Logan, Gordon D.},
  issn         = {1939-2222},
  journal      = {Journal of experimental psychology. General},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {649--672},
  publisher    = {American Psychological Association.},
  title        = {Automatic and controlled response inhibition: associative learning in the go/no-go and stop-signal paradigms},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0013170},
  volume       = {137},
  year         = {2008},
}

Chicago
Verbruggen, Frederick, and Gordon D. Logan. 2008. “Automatic and Controlled Response Inhibition: Associative Learning in the Go/no-go and Stop-signal Paradigms.” Journal of Experimental Psychology. General 137 (4): 649–672.
APA
Verbruggen, F., & Logan, G. D. (2008). Automatic and controlled response inhibition: associative learning in the go/no-go and stop-signal paradigms. Journal of experimental psychology. General, 137(4), 649–672.
Vancouver
1.
Verbruggen F, Logan GD. Automatic and controlled response inhibition: associative learning in the go/no-go and stop-signal paradigms. Journal of experimental psychology. General. Washington, UNITED STATES: American Psychological Association.; 2008;137(4):649–72.
MLA
Verbruggen, Frederick, and Gordon D. Logan. “Automatic and Controlled Response Inhibition: Associative Learning in the Go/no-go and Stop-signal Paradigms.” Journal of experimental psychology. General 137.4 (2008): 649–672. Print.