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Inter-basin transfer of Nepal's water resources for sustainable benefits

Binod Adhikari (UGent) , Ronny Verhoeven (UGent) and Peter Troch (UGent)
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Abstract
This article suggests that the east-west transfer of water from larger rivers in Nepal by tunnelling through the last hill in three places is an appropriate alternative to high dams. Dams are unsuitable for a highly earthquake prone area, such as Nepal, and they cannot cope with ever increasing sediment loads of the Himalayan Rivers. Nepal must maximize irrigation in its Terai using the Himalayan river water for maintaining food security in the country. India is moving forward towards large-scale plans to transfer water from the eastern to western rivers, for which Nepal's foot hill can serve as the best place to transfer solely from the gravity. This study suggests storing water in local reservoirs and groundwater aquifer in the Ganges plain, which would secure dry season irrigation, as well as increase Ganges River flows to benefit Bangladesh. The solution has no fixed life span like dams, and hence deserves potentials to serve for unlimited time in a sustainable manner.
Keywords
High dams, Groundwater aquifer, East-west transfer, Local reservoirs, RIVER-LINKING PROJECT

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Adhikari, Binod, Ronny Verhoeven, and Peter Troch. 2009. “Inter-basin Transfer of Nepal’s Water Resources for Sustainable Benefits.” In Water and Urban Development Paradigms - Towards an Integration of Engineering, Design and Management Approaches, ed. Jan Feyen, K Shannon, and M Neville, 647–653. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press.
APA
Adhikari, Binod, Verhoeven, R., & Troch, P. (2009). Inter-basin transfer of Nepal’s water resources for sustainable benefits. In Jan Feyen, K. Shannon, & M. Neville (Eds.), WATER AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PARADIGMS - TOWARDS AN INTEGRATION OF ENGINEERING, DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT APPROACHES (pp. 647–653). Presented at the International Urban Water Conference, Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press.
Vancouver
1.
Adhikari B, Verhoeven R, Troch P. Inter-basin transfer of Nepal’s water resources for sustainable benefits. In: Feyen J, Shannon K, Neville M, editors. WATER AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PARADIGMS - TOWARDS AN INTEGRATION OF ENGINEERING, DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT APPROACHES. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press; 2009. p. 647–53.
MLA
Adhikari, Binod, Ronny Verhoeven, and Peter Troch. “Inter-basin Transfer of Nepal’s Water Resources for Sustainable Benefits.” Water and Urban Development Paradigms - Towards an Integration of Engineering, Design and Management Approaches. Ed. Jan Feyen, K Shannon, & M Neville. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 2009. 647–653. Print.
@inproceedings{519833,
  abstract     = {This article suggests that the east-west transfer of water from larger rivers in Nepal by tunnelling through the last hill in three places is an appropriate alternative to high dams. Dams are unsuitable for a highly earthquake prone area, such as Nepal, and they cannot cope with ever increasing sediment loads of the Himalayan Rivers. Nepal must maximize irrigation in its Terai using the Himalayan river water for maintaining food security in the country. India is moving forward towards large-scale plans to transfer water from the eastern to western rivers, for which Nepal's foot hill can serve as the best place to transfer solely from the gravity.
This study suggests storing water in local reservoirs and groundwater aquifer in the Ganges plain, which would secure dry season irrigation, as well as increase Ganges River flows to benefit Bangladesh. The solution has no fixed life span like dams, and hence deserves potentials to serve for unlimited time in a sustainable manner.},
  author       = {Adhikari, Binod and Verhoeven, Ronny and Troch, Peter},
  booktitle    = {WATER AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PARADIGMS - TOWARDS AN INTEGRATION OF ENGINEERING, DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT APPROACHES},
  editor       = {Feyen, Jan and Shannon, K and Neville, M},
  isbn         = {978-415-48334-6},
  keyword      = {High dams,Groundwater aquifer,East-west transfer,Local reservoirs,RIVER-LINKING PROJECT},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Heverlee, Belgium},
  pages        = {647--653},
  publisher    = {CRC Press},
  title        = {Inter-basin transfer of Nepal's water resources for sustainable benefits},
  year         = {2009},
}

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