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Fast phonology and the bimodal interactive activation model

Kevin Diependaele UGent, Johannes C Ziegler and Jonathan Grainger (2010) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY. 22(5). p.764-778
abstract
Many computational models of visual word recognition and reading postulate a central role for phonology. None, however, has successfully simulated one key phenomenon associated with fast-acting phonological influences during word recognition: masked phonological priming (e.g., bloo primes BLUE better than blai primes BLUE). The tricky issue for computational models is not only to simulate such masked phonological priming effects, but at the same time to correctly read aloud irregular words. This double challenge constitutes a new benchmark phenomenon: the fast-phonology test. It has been previously shown that the dual route model of reading aloud (DRC) does not pass the fast-phonology test, unless it is assumed that lexical decisions are always made on the basis of lexical phonological activation. Here we show that the Bimodal Interactive Activation Model (BIAM), an extension of the interactive activation model, can pass the fast-phonology test, while maintaining the ability to discriminate between words and nonwords on the basis of orthographic activation alone. The BIAM achieves this by virtue of implementing a fast parallel mapping of letters onto input phonemes rather than output phonemes as in DRC. It is argued that the BIAM provides an improved architecture for a general model of visual word recognition and reading.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Computational modelling, READING ALOUD, Pseudohomophones, Reading, VISUAL WORD RECOGNITION, LEXICAL DECISION TASK, BACKWARD-MASKING, LETTER POSITION, TIME-COURSE, ORTHOGRAPHY, IDENTIFICATION, PERCEPTION, ENGLISH, Phonology, Dual route model, Phonological priming
journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
Eur. J. Cogn. Psychol.
volume
22
issue
5
pages
764 - 778
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000280156100006
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
1.241 (2010)
JCR rank
59/79 (2010)
JCR quartile
3 (2010)
ISSN
0954-1446
DOI
10.1080/09541440902834782
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
503813
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-503813
date created
2009-02-20 09:24:40
date last changed
2015-06-17 11:08:04
@article{503813,
  abstract     = {Many computational models of visual word recognition and reading postulate a central role for phonology. None, however, has successfully simulated one key phenomenon associated with fast-acting phonological influences during word recognition: masked phonological priming (e.g., bloo primes BLUE better than blai primes BLUE). The tricky issue for computational models is not only to simulate such masked phonological priming effects, but at the same time to correctly read aloud irregular words. This double challenge constitutes a new benchmark phenomenon: the fast-phonology test. It has been previously shown that the dual route model of reading aloud (DRC) does not pass the fast-phonology test, unless it is assumed that lexical decisions are always made on the basis of lexical phonological activation. Here we show that the Bimodal Interactive Activation Model (BIAM), an extension of the interactive activation model, can pass the fast-phonology test, while maintaining the ability to discriminate between words and nonwords on the basis of orthographic activation alone. The BIAM achieves this by virtue of implementing a fast parallel mapping of letters onto input phonemes rather than output phonemes as in DRC. It is argued that the BIAM provides an improved architecture for a general model of visual word recognition and reading.},
  author       = {Diependaele, Kevin and Ziegler, Johannes C and Grainger, Jonathan},
  issn         = {0954-1446},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {Computational modelling,READING ALOUD,Pseudohomophones,Reading,VISUAL WORD RECOGNITION,LEXICAL DECISION TASK,BACKWARD-MASKING,LETTER POSITION,TIME-COURSE,ORTHOGRAPHY,IDENTIFICATION,PERCEPTION,ENGLISH,Phonology,Dual route model,Phonological priming},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {764--778},
  title        = {Fast phonology and the bimodal interactive activation model},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09541440902834782},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Diependaele, Kevin, Johannes C Ziegler, and Jonathan Grainger. 2010. “Fast Phonology and the Bimodal Interactive Activation Model.” European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 22 (5): 764–778.
APA
Diependaele, K., Ziegler, J. C., & Grainger, J. (2010). Fast phonology and the bimodal interactive activation model. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, 22(5), 764–778.
Vancouver
1.
Diependaele K, Ziegler JC, Grainger J. Fast phonology and the bimodal interactive activation model. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY. 2010;22(5):764–78.
MLA
Diependaele, Kevin, Johannes C Ziegler, and Jonathan Grainger. “Fast Phonology and the Bimodal Interactive Activation Model.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 22.5 (2010): 764–778. Print.