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Dietary inclusion of wheat bran arabinoxylooligosaccharides induces beneficial nutritional effects in chickens

(2008) CEREAL CHEMISTRY. 85(5). p.607-613
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Abstract
In vivo experiments were conducted to verify whether arabinoxylooligosaccharides (AXOS) obtained as low molecular mass compounds by enzymic hydrolysis from wheat bran arabinoxylan (AX) can exert nutritional effects. Two feeding trials were performed on chickens fed diets with either wheat or maize as the main component. Supplementation of bran AXOS at either 0.5% (w/w) to the wheat-based diet or at 0.25% (w/w) to the maize-based diet diets significantly (P < 0.05) improved the feed conversion rate without increasing the body weight of the animals, thus pointing to improved nutrient utilization efficiency. The positive effect of bran AXOS supplementation on feed utilization efficiency was similar to that obtained by adding an AX-degrading xylanase directly to the wheat-based diet. No significant effect on feed utilization efficiency was obtained with mother type of nondigestible oligosaccharide such as fructooligosaccharides (FOS) derived from chicory roots. Bran AXOS significantly increased the level of bifidobacteria but not total bacteria in the caeca of the chickens, all effect not observed with either xylanase or FOS addition. These data suggest that bran AXOS have beneficial nutritional effects and may act as prebiotics.
Keywords
IMPAIRED GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE, GRADIENT GEL-ELECTROPHORESIS, NONSTARCH POLYSACCHARIDES, FIBER INTAKE, PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, GASTROINTESTINAL-TRACT, MICROBIAL-POPULATIONS, ARABINOXYLAN FIBER, HYDROLASE ACTIVITY, BROILER DIETS

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Citation

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MLA
Courtin, Christophe M, Willem F Broekaert, Katrien Swennen, et al. “Dietary Inclusion of Wheat Bran Arabinoxylooligosaccharides Induces Beneficial Nutritional Effects in Chickens.” CEREAL CHEMISTRY 85.5 (2008): 607–613. Print.
APA
Courtin, C. M., Broekaert, W. F., Swennen, K., Lescroart, O., Onagbesan, O., Buyse, J., Decuypere, E., et al. (2008). Dietary inclusion of wheat bran arabinoxylooligosaccharides induces beneficial nutritional effects in chickens. CEREAL CHEMISTRY, 85(5), 607–613.
Chicago author-date
Courtin, Christophe M, Willem F Broekaert, Katrien Swennen, Olivier Lescroart, Okanlawon Onagbesan, Johan Buyse, Eddy Decuypere, et al. 2008. “Dietary Inclusion of Wheat Bran Arabinoxylooligosaccharides Induces Beneficial Nutritional Effects in Chickens.” Cereal Chemistry 85 (5): 607–613.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Courtin, Christophe M, Willem F Broekaert, Katrien Swennen, Olivier Lescroart, Okanlawon Onagbesan, Johan Buyse, Eddy Decuypere, Tom Van de Wiele, Massimo Marzorati, Willy Verstraete, Gerard Huyghebaert, and Jan A Delcour. 2008. “Dietary Inclusion of Wheat Bran Arabinoxylooligosaccharides Induces Beneficial Nutritional Effects in Chickens.” Cereal Chemistry 85 (5): 607–613.
Vancouver
1.
Courtin CM, Broekaert WF, Swennen K, Lescroart O, Onagbesan O, Buyse J, et al. Dietary inclusion of wheat bran arabinoxylooligosaccharides induces beneficial nutritional effects in chickens. CEREAL CHEMISTRY. 2008;85(5):607–13.
IEEE
[1]
C. M. Courtin et al., “Dietary inclusion of wheat bran arabinoxylooligosaccharides induces beneficial nutritional effects in chickens,” CEREAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 607–613, 2008.
@article{445108,
  abstract     = {In vivo experiments were conducted to verify whether arabinoxylooligosaccharides (AXOS) obtained as low molecular mass compounds by enzymic hydrolysis from wheat bran arabinoxylan (AX) can exert nutritional effects. Two feeding trials were performed on chickens fed diets with either wheat or maize as the main component. Supplementation of bran AXOS at either 0.5% (w/w) to the wheat-based diet or at 0.25% (w/w) to the maize-based diet diets significantly (P < 0.05) improved the feed conversion rate without increasing the body weight of the animals, thus pointing to improved nutrient utilization efficiency. The positive effect of bran AXOS supplementation on feed utilization efficiency was similar to that obtained by adding an AX-degrading xylanase directly to the wheat-based diet. No significant effect on feed utilization efficiency was obtained with mother type of nondigestible oligosaccharide such as fructooligosaccharides (FOS) derived from chicory roots. Bran AXOS significantly increased the level of bifidobacteria but not total bacteria in the caeca of the chickens, all effect not observed with either xylanase or FOS addition. These data suggest that bran AXOS have beneficial nutritional effects and may act as prebiotics.},
  author       = {Courtin, Christophe M and Broekaert, Willem F and Swennen, Katrien and Lescroart, Olivier and Onagbesan, Okanlawon and Buyse, Johan and Decuypere, Eddy and Van de Wiele, Tom and Marzorati, Massimo and Verstraete, Willy and Huyghebaert, Gerard and Delcour, Jan A},
  issn         = {0009-0352},
  journal      = {CEREAL CHEMISTRY},
  keywords     = {IMPAIRED GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE,GRADIENT GEL-ELECTROPHORESIS,NONSTARCH POLYSACCHARIDES,FIBER INTAKE,PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES,GASTROINTESTINAL-TRACT,MICROBIAL-POPULATIONS,ARABINOXYLAN FIBER,HYDROLASE ACTIVITY,BROILER DIETS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {607--613},
  title        = {Dietary inclusion of wheat bran arabinoxylooligosaccharides induces beneficial nutritional effects in chickens},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/CCHEM-85-5-0607},
  volume       = {85},
  year         = {2008},
}

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