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South Pole glacial climate reconstruction from multi-borehole laser particulate stratigraphy

(2013) JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY. 59(218). p.1117-1128
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IceCube
Abstract
The IceCube Neutrino Observatory and its prototype, AMANDA, were built in South Pole ice, using powerful hot-water drills to cleanly bore >100 holes to depths up to 2500 m. The construction of these particle physics detectors provided a unique opportunity to examine the deep ice sheet using a variety of novel techniques. We made high-resolution particulate profiles with a laser dust logger in eight of the boreholes during detector commissioning between 2004 and 2010. The South Pole laser logs are among the most clearly resolved measurements of Antarctic dust strata during the last glacial period and can be used to reconstruct paleoclimate records in exceptional detail. Here we use manual and algorithmic matching to synthesize our South Pole measurements with ice-core and logging data from Dome C, East Antarctica. We derive impurity concentration, precision chronology, annual-layer thickness, local spatial variability, and identify several widespread volcanic ash depositions useful for dating. We also examine the interval around similar to 74 ka recently isolated with radiometric dating to bracket the Toba (Sumatra) supereruption.
Keywords
EAST ANTARCTICA, VOLCANIC WINTER, OPTICAL-PROPERTIES, DEEP ICE, ANTARCTIC ICE-SHEET, EPICA-DOME-C, SIPLE DOME, CORE, DUST, VOSTOK

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Citation

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Chicago
Aartsen, MG, R Abbasi, Yasser Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, et al. 2013. “South Pole Glacial Climate Reconstruction from Multi-borehole Laser Particulate Stratigraphy.” Journal of Glaciology 59 (218): 1117–1128.
APA
Aartsen, M., Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J., Ahlers, M., et al. (2013). South Pole glacial climate reconstruction from multi-borehole laser particulate stratigraphy. JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY, 59(218), 1117–1128.
Vancouver
1.
Aartsen M, Abbasi R, Abdou Y, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar J, et al. South Pole glacial climate reconstruction from multi-borehole laser particulate stratigraphy. JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY. 2013;59(218):1117–28.
MLA
Aartsen, MG, R Abbasi, Yasser Abdou, et al. “South Pole Glacial Climate Reconstruction from Multi-borehole Laser Particulate Stratigraphy.” JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY 59.218 (2013): 1117–1128. Print.
@article{4436781,
  abstract     = {The IceCube Neutrino Observatory and its prototype, AMANDA, were built in South Pole ice, using powerful hot-water drills to cleanly bore {\textrangle}100 holes to depths up to 2500 m. The construction of these particle physics detectors provided a unique opportunity to examine the deep ice sheet using a variety of novel techniques. We made high-resolution particulate profiles with a laser dust logger in eight of the boreholes during detector commissioning between 2004 and 2010. The South Pole laser logs are among the most clearly resolved measurements of Antarctic dust strata during the last glacial period and can be used to reconstruct paleoclimate records in exceptional detail. Here we use manual and algorithmic matching to synthesize our South Pole measurements with ice-core and logging data from Dome C, East Antarctica. We derive impurity concentration, precision chronology, annual-layer thickness, local spatial variability, and identify several widespread volcanic ash depositions useful for dating. We also examine the interval around similar to 74 ka recently isolated with radiometric dating to bracket the Toba (Sumatra) supereruption.},
  author       = {Aartsen, MG and Abbasi, R and Abdou, Yasser and Ackermann, M and Adams, J and Aguilar, JA and Ahlers, M and Altmann, D and Auffenberg, J and Bai, X and Baker, M and Barwick, SW and Baum, V and Bay, R and Beatty, JJ and Bechet, S and Becker, KH and Tjus, JB and Bell, M and Benabderrahmane, ML and BenZvi, S and Berdermann, J and Berghaus, P and Berley, D and Bernardini, E and Bernhard, A and Bertrand, D and Besson, DZ and Binder, G and Bindig, D and Bissok, M and Blaufuss, E and Blumenthal, J and Boersma, DJ and Bohaichuk, S and Bohm, C and Bose, D and Boser, S and Botner, O and Brayeur, L and Bretz, HP and Brown, AM and Bruijn, R and Brunner, J and Carson, Michael and Casey, J and Casier, M and Cherwinka, J and Chirkin, D and Christov, A and Christy, B and Clark, K and Clevermann, F and Coenders, S and Cohen, S and Cowen, DF and Silva, AHC and Danninger, M and Daughhetee, J and Davis, JC and De Clercq, C and De Ridder, Sam and Desiati, P and de With, M and DeYoung, T and Diaz-Velez, JC and Dunkman, M and Eagan, R and Eberhardt, B and Eisch, J and Ellsworth, RW and Euler, S and Evenson, PA and Fadiran, O and Fazely, AR and Fedynitch, A and Feintzeig, J and Feusels, Tom and Filimonov, K and Finley, C and Fischer-Wasels, T and Flis, S and Franckowiak, A and Franke, R and Frantzen, K and Fuchs, T and Gaisser, TK and Gallagher, J and Gerhardt, L and Gladstone, L and Glusenkamp, T and Goldschmidt, A and Golup, G and Gonzalez, JG and Goodman, JA and Gora, D and Grant, D and Gross, A and Gurtner, M and Ha, C and Haj Ismail, Abd Al Karim and Hallen, P and Hallgren, A and Halzen, F and Hanson, K and Heereman, D and Heinen, D and Helbing, K and Hellauer, R and Hickford, S and Hill, GC and Hoffman, KD and Hoffmann, R and Homeier, A and Hoshina, K and Huelsnitz, W and Hulth, PO and Hultqvist, K and Hussain, S and Ishihara, A and Jacobi, E and Jacobsen, J and Jagielski, K and Japaridze, GS and Jero, K and Jlelati, Ola and Kaminsky, B and Kappes, A and Karg, T and Karle, A and Kelley, JL and Kiryluk, J and Kislat, F and Klas, J and Klein, SR and Kohne, JH and Kohnen, G and Kolanoski, H and Kopke, L and Kopper, C and Kopper, S and Koskinen, DJ and Kowalski, M and Krasberg, M and Krings, K and Kroll, G and Kunnen, J and Kurahashi, N and Kuwabara, T and Labare, Mathieu and Landsman, H and Larson, MJ and Lesiak-Bzdak, M and Leuermann, M and Leute, J and Lunemann, J and Madsen, J and Maruyama, R and Mase, K and Matis, HS and McNally, F and Meagher, K and Merck, M and Meszaros, P and Meures, T and Miarecki, S and Midden, E and Milke, N and Miller, J and Mohrmann, L and Montaruli, T and Morse, R and Nahnhauer, R and Naumann, U and Niederhausen, H and Nowicki, SC and Nygren, DR and Obertacke, A and Odrowski, S and Olivas, A and Olivo, M and O'Murchadha, A and Paul, L and Pepper, JA and de los Heros, CP and Pfendner, C and Pieloth, D and Pinat, E and Pirk, N and Posselt, J and Price, PB and Przybylski, GT and Radel, L and Rameez, M and Rawlins, K and Red, P and Reimann, R and Resconi, E and Rhode, W and Ribordy, M and Richman, M and Riede, B and Rodrigues, JP and Rott, C and Ruhe, T and Ruzybayev, B and Ryckbosch, Dirk and Saba, SM and Salameh, T and Sander, HG and Santander, M and Sarkar, S and Schatto, K and Scheel, M and Scheriau, F and Schmidt, T and Schmitz, M and Schoenen, S and Schoneberg, S and Schonwald, A and Schukraft, A and Schulte, L and Schulz, O and Seckel, D and Sestayo, Y and Seunarine, S and Sheremata, C and Smith, MWE and Soiron, M and Soldin, D and Spiczak, GM and Spiering, C and Stamatikos, M and Stanev, T and Stasik, A and Stezelberger, T and Stokstad, RG and Stossl, A and Strahler, EA and Strom, R and Sullivan, GW and Taavola, H and Taboada, I and Tamburro, A and Ter-Antonyan, S and Tesic, G and Tilay, S and Toale, PA and Toscano, S and Tosi, D and Usner, M and van der Drift, D and van Eijndhoven, N and Van Overloop, Arne and van Santen, J and Vehring, M and Voge, M and Vraeghe, Matthias and Walck, C and Waldenmaier, T and Wallraff, M and Wasserman, R and Weaver, C and Wellons, M and Wendt, C and Westerhoff, S and Whitehorn, N and Wiebe, K and Wiebusch, CH and Williams, DR and Wissing, H and Wolf, M and Wood, TR and Woschnagg, K and Xu, C and Xu, DL and Xu, XW and Yanez, JP and Yodh, G and Yoshida, S and Zarzhitsky, P and Ziemann, J and Zierke, S and Zilles, A and Zoll, M},
  issn         = {0022-1430},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {218},
  pages        = {1117--1128},
  title        = {South Pole glacial climate reconstruction from multi-borehole laser particulate stratigraphy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3189/2013JoG13J068},
  volume       = {59},
  year         = {2013},
}

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