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Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the IceCube detector

(2013) SCIENCE. 342(6161).
Author
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IceCube
Abstract
We report on results of an all-sky search for high-energy neutrino events interacting within the IceCube neutrino detector conducted between May 2010 and May 2012. The search follows up on the previous detection of two PeV neutrino events, with improved sensitivity and extended energy coverage down to about 30 TeV. Twenty-six additional events were observed, substantially more than expected from atmospheric backgrounds. Combined, both searches reject a purely atmospheric origin for the 28 events at the 4 sigma level. These 28 events, which include the highest energy neutrinos ever observed, have flavors, directions, and energies inconsistent with those expected from the atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. These properties are, however, consistent with generic predictions for an additional component of extraterrestrial origin.
Keywords
ICE

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Citation

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Chicago
Aartsen, MG, R Abbasi, Yasser Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguitar, M Alders, et al. 2013. “Evidence for High-energy Extraterrestrial Neutrinos at the IceCube Detector.” Science 342 (6161).
APA
Aartsen, M., Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguitar, J., Alders, M., et al. (2013). Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the IceCube detector. SCIENCE, 342(6161).
Vancouver
1.
Aartsen M, Abbasi R, Abdou Y, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguitar J, et al. Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the IceCube detector. SCIENCE. 2013;342(6161).
MLA
Aartsen, MG, R Abbasi, Yasser Abdou, et al. “Evidence for High-energy Extraterrestrial Neutrinos at the IceCube Detector.” SCIENCE 342.6161 (2013): n. pag. Print.
@article{4435558,
  abstract     = {We report on results of an all-sky search for high-energy neutrino events interacting within the IceCube neutrino detector conducted between May 2010 and May 2012. The search follows up on the previous detection of two PeV neutrino events, with improved sensitivity and extended energy coverage down to about 30 TeV. Twenty-six additional events were observed, substantially more than expected from atmospheric backgrounds. Combined, both searches reject a purely atmospheric origin for the 28 events at the 4 sigma level. These 28 events, which include the highest energy neutrinos ever observed, have flavors, directions, and energies inconsistent with those expected from the atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. These properties are, however, consistent with generic predictions for an additional component of extraterrestrial origin.},
  articleno    = {1242856},
  author       = {Aartsen, MG and Abbasi, R and Abdou, Yasser and Ackermann, M and Adams, J and Aguitar, JA and Alders, M and Altmann, D and Auffetibery, J and Bai, X and Baker, M and Barwick, SW and Baum, V and Bay, R and Beatty, JJ and Bechet, S and Tjus, JB and Becker, KH and Benabderrahmane, ML and BenZvi, S and Berghaus, P and Berley, D and Bernardini, E and Bernhard, A and Bertrand, D and Besson, DZ and Binder, G and Bindig, D and Bissok, M and Blaufuss, E and Blumenthal, J and Boersma, DJ and Boliaichuk, S and Bohm, C and Bose, D and Boeser, S and Botner, O and Brayeur, L and Bretz, HP and Brown, AM and Bruijn, R and Brunner, J and Carson, Michael and Casey, J and Casier, M and Chirkin, D and Christov, A and Christy, B and Clark, K and Cleverrnann, F and Coenders, S and Cohen, S and Cowen, DF and Silva, AHC and Danninger, M and Daughhetee, J and Davis, JC and Day, M and De Clercq, C and De Ridder, Sam and Desiati, P and de Vries, KD and de With, M and DeYoung, T and Diaz-Velez, JC and Dunkman, M and Eagan, R and Eberhardt, B and Eichmann, B and Eisch, J and Ellsworth, RW and Euler, S and Evenson, PA and Fadiran, O and Fazely, AR and Fedynitch, A and Feinzeig, J and Feusels, Tom and Filimonov, K and Finley, C and Fischer-Wasels, T and Flis, S and Franckowiak, A and Frantzen, K and Fuchs, T and Gaisser, TK and Gallagher, J and Gerhardt, L and Gladstone, L and Glusenkamp, T and Goldschmidt, A and Golup, G and Gonzalez, JG and Goodman, JA and Gora, D and Grandmont, DT and Grant, D and Gross, A and Ha, C and Haj Ismail, Abd Al Karim and Hallen, P and Hallgren, A and Halzen, F and Hanson, K and Heerernan, D and Heinen, D and Helbing, K and Hellauer, R and Hickford, S and Hill, GC and Hoffman, KD and Hoffmann, R and Homeier, A and Hoshina, K and Huelsnitz, W and Hulth, PO and Hultqvist, K and Hussain, S and Ishihara, A and Jacobi, E and Jacobsen, J and Jagielski, K and Japaridze, GS and Jero, K and Jlelati, Ola and Kaminsky, B and Kappes, A and Karg, T and Karle, A and Kelley, JL and Kiryluk, J and Klas, J and Klein, SR and Koohne, JH and Kohnen, C and Kolanoski, H and Koepke, L and Kopper, C and Kopper, S and Koskinen, DJ and Kowalski, M and Krasberg, M and Krings, K and Kroll, G and Kunnen, J and Kurahashi, N and Kowabara, T and Labare, Mathieu and Landsman, H and Larson, MJ and Lesiak-Bzdak, M and Leuermann, M and Leute, J and Lunemann, J and Madsen, J and Maggi, G and Maruyama, R and Mase, K and Matis, HS and McNally, F and Meagher, K and Merck, M and Meures, T and Miarecki, S and Middell, E and Milke, N and Miller, J and Mohrmann, L and Montaruli, T and Morse, R and Nahnhauer, R and Naumann, U and Niederhausen, H and Nowicki, SC and Nygren, DR and Obertacke, A and Odrowski, S and Olivas, A and O'Murchadha, A and Paul, L and Pepper, JA and de los Heros, CP and Pfendner, C and Pieloth, D and Pinat, E and Posselt, J and Price, PB and Przybylski, GT and Radel, L and Rameez, M and Rawlins, K and Redl, P and Reimann, R and Resconi, E and Rhode, W and Ribordy, M and Richman, M and Riedel, B and Rodrigues, JP and Rott, C and Ruhe, T and Ruzybayev, B and Ryckbosch, Dirk and Saba, SM and Salameh, T and Sander, HG and Santander, M and Sarkar, S and Schatto, K and Scheriau, F and Schmidt, T and Schmitz, M and Schoenen, S and Schoneberg, S and Schonwald, A and Schokraft, A and Schulte, L and Schulz, O and Seckel, D and Sestayo, Y and Seunarine, S and Shanidze, R and Sheremata, C and Smith, MWE and Soldin, D and Spiczak, GA and Spiering, C and Stamatikos, M and Stanev, T and Stasik, A and Stezelberger, T and Stokstad, RG and Stossl, A and Strahler, EA and Strom, R and Sullivan, GW and Taavola, H and Taboada, I and Tamburro, A and Tepe, A and Ter-Antonyan, S and Tesic, G and Tilav, S and Toale, PA and Toscana, S and Unger, E and Usner, M and van Eijndhoven, N and Van Overloop, Arne and van Santen, J and Vehring, M and Voge, M and Vraeghe, Matthias and Walck, C and Waldenmaier, T and Wallraff, M and Weaver, C and Wellons, M and Wendt, C and Westerhoff, S and Whitehorn, N and Wiebe, K and Wiebusch, CH and Williams, DR and Wissing, H and Wolf, M and Wood, TR and Woschnagg, K and Xu, DL and Xu, XW and Yanez, JP and Yodh, G and Yoshida, S and Zarzhitsky, P and Ziemann, J and Zierke, S and Zoll, M},
  issn         = {0036-8075},
  journal      = {SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {ICE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6161},
  pages        = {7},
  title        = {Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the IceCube detector},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1242856},
  volume       = {342},
  year         = {2013},
}

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