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Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data

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IceCube
Abstract
We present the results of a search for neutrino point sources using the IceCube data collected between 2008 April and 2011 May with three partially completed configurations of the detector: the 40-, 59-, and 79-string configurations. The live-time of this data set is 1040 days. An unbinned maximum likelihood ratio test was used to search for an excess of neutrinos above the atmospheric background at any given direction in the sky. By adding two more years of data with improved event selection and reconstruction techniques, the sensitivity was improved by a factor of 3.5 or more with respect to the previously published results obtained with the 40-string configuration of IceCube. We performed an all-sky survey and a dedicated search using a catalog of a priori selected objects observed by other telescopes. In both searches, the data are compatible with the background-only hypothesis. In the absence of evidence for a signal, we set upper limits on the flux of muon neutrinos. For an E-2 neutrino spectrum, the observed limits are (0.9-5) x 10(-12) TeV-1 cm(-2) s(-1) for energies between 1 TeV and 1 PeV in the northern sky and (0.9-23.2) x 10(-12) TeV-1 cm(-2) s(-1) for energies between 10(2) TeV and 10(2) PeV in the southern sky. We also report upper limits for neutrino emission from groups of sources that were selected according to theoretical models or observational parameters and analyzed with a stacking approach. Some of the limits presented already reach the level necessary to quantitatively test current models of neutrino emission.
Keywords
neutrinos, telescopes, cosmic rays, astroparticle physics, GALACTIC SOURCES, MOLECULAR CLOUDS, STARBURST GALAXIES, CRAB-NEBULA, COSMIC-RAYS, SUPERNOVA-REMNANTS, FERMI-LAT DISCOVERY, BRIGHT GALAXY SAMPLE, HIGH-ENERGY NEUTRINOS, GAMMA-RAY EMISSION

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MLA
Aartsen, MG, R Abbasi, Yasser Abdou, et al. “Search for Time-independent Neutrino Emission from Astrophysical Sources with 3 Yr of IceCube Data.” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 779.2 (2013): n. pag. Print.
APA
Aartsen, M., Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J., Ahlers, M., et al. (2013). Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 779(2).
Chicago author-date
Aartsen, MG, R Abbasi, Yasser Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, et al. 2013. “Search for Time-independent Neutrino Emission from Astrophysical Sources with 3 Yr of IceCube Data.” Astrophysical Journal 779 (2).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Aartsen, MG, R Abbasi, Yasser Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JB Tjus, KH Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, A Bernhard, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, S Bohaichuk, C Bohm, D Bose, S Boser, O Botner, L Brayeur, HP Bretz, AM Brown, R Bruijn, J Brunner, Michael Carson, J Casey, M Casier, D Chirkin, A Christov, B Christy, K Clark, F Clevermann, S Coenders, S Cohen, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, M Day, C De Clercq, Sam De Ridder, P Desiati, KD de Vries, M de With, T DeYoung, JC Diaz-Velez, M Dunkman, R Eagan, B Eberhardt, J Eisch, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, Tom Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, K Frantzen, T Fuchs, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glusenkamp, A Goldschmidt, G Golup, JG Gonzalez, JA Goodman, D Gora, DT Grandmont, D Grant, A Gross, C Ha, Abd Al Karim Haj Ismail, P Hallen, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Heereman, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, K Jagielski, GS Japaridze, K Jero, Ola Jlelati, B Kaminsky, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, JL Kelley, J Kiryluk, J Klas, SR Klein, JH Kohne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Kopke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, M Krasberg, K Krings, G Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, Mathieu Labare, H Landsman, MJ Larson, M Lesiak-Bzdak, M Leuermann, J Leute, J Lunemann, O Macias, J Madsen, G Maggi, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, F McNally, K Meagher, M Merck, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, L Mohrmann, T Montaruli, R Morse, R Nahnhauer, U Naumann, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, A Obertacke, S Odrowski, A Olivas, A Omairat, A O’Murchadha, L Paul, JA Pepper, CP de los Heros, C Pfendner, D Pieloth, E Pinat, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, L Radel, M Rameez, K Rawlins, P Redl, R Reimann, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, M Richman, B Riedel, JP Rodrigues, C Rott, T Ruhe, B Ruzybayev, Dirk Ryckbosch, SM Saba, T Salameh, HG Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, F Scheriau, T Schmidt, M Schmitz, S Schoenen, S Schoneberg, A Schonwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte, O Schulz, D Seckel, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, R Shanidze, C Sheremata, MWE Smith, D Soldin, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stossl, EA Strahler, R Strom, GW Sullivan, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, G Tesic, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, E Unger, M Usner, S Vallecorsa, N van Eijndhoven, Arne Van Overloop, J van Santen, M Vehring, M Voge, Matthias Vraeghe, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, C Weaver, M Wellons, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, DL Xu, XW Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, J Ziemann, S Zierke, and M Zoll. 2013. “Search for Time-independent Neutrino Emission from Astrophysical Sources with 3 Yr of IceCube Data.” Astrophysical Journal 779 (2).
Vancouver
1.
Aartsen M, Abbasi R, Abdou Y, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar J, et al. Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 2013;779(2).
IEEE
[1]
M. Aartsen et al., “Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data,” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, vol. 779, no. 2, 2013.
@article{4434719,
  abstract     = {We present the results of a search for neutrino point sources using the IceCube data collected between 2008 April and 2011 May with three partially completed configurations of the detector: the 40-, 59-, and 79-string configurations. The live-time of this data set is 1040 days. An unbinned maximum likelihood ratio test was used to search for an excess of neutrinos above the atmospheric background at any given direction in the sky. By adding two more years of data with improved event selection and reconstruction techniques, the sensitivity was improved by a factor of 3.5 or more with respect to the previously published results obtained with the 40-string configuration of IceCube. We performed an all-sky survey and a dedicated search using a catalog of a priori selected objects observed by other telescopes. In both searches, the data are compatible with the background-only hypothesis. In the absence of evidence for a signal, we set upper limits on the flux of muon neutrinos. For an E-2 neutrino spectrum, the observed limits are (0.9-5) x 10(-12) TeV-1 cm(-2) s(-1) for energies between 1 TeV and 1 PeV in the northern sky and (0.9-23.2) x 10(-12) TeV-1 cm(-2) s(-1) for energies between 10(2) TeV and 10(2) PeV in the southern sky. We also report upper limits for neutrino emission from groups of sources that were selected according to theoretical models or observational parameters and analyzed with a stacking approach. Some of the limits presented already reach the level necessary to quantitatively test current models of neutrino emission.},
  articleno    = {132},
  author       = {Aartsen, MG and Abbasi, R and Abdou, Yasser and Ackermann, M and Adams, J and Aguilar, JA and Ahlers, M and Altmann, D and Auffenberg, J and Bai, X and Baker, M and Barwick, SW and Baum, V and Bay, R and Beatty, JJ and Bechet, S and Tjus, JB and Becker, KH and Benabderrahmane, ML and BenZvi, S and Berghaus, P and Berley, D and Bernardini, E and Bernhard, A and Besson, DZ and Binder, G and Bindig, D and Bissok, M and Blaufuss, E and Blumenthal, J and Boersma, DJ and Bohaichuk, S and Bohm, C and Bose, D and Boser, S and Botner, O and Brayeur, L and Bretz, HP and Brown, AM and Bruijn, R and Brunner, J and Carson, Michael and Casey, J and Casier, M and Chirkin, D and Christov, A and Christy, B and Clark, K and Clevermann, F and Coenders, S and Cohen, S and Cowen, DF and Silva, AHC and Danninger, M and Daughhetee, J and Davis, JC and Day, M and De Clercq, C and De Ridder, Sam and Desiati, P and de Vries, KD and de With, M and DeYoung, T and Diaz-Velez, JC and Dunkman, M and Eagan, R and Eberhardt, B and Eisch, J and Euler, S and Evenson, PA and Fadiran, O and Fazely, AR and Fedynitch, A and Feintzeig, J and Feusels, Tom and Filimonov, K and Finley, C and Fischer-Wasels, T and Flis, S and Franckowiak, A and Frantzen, K and Fuchs, T and Gaisser, TK and Gallagher, J and Gerhardt, L and Gladstone, L and Glusenkamp, T and Goldschmidt, A and Golup, G and Gonzalez, JG and Goodman, JA and Gora, D and Grandmont, DT and Grant, D and Gross, A and Ha, C and Haj Ismail, Abd Al Karim and Hallen, P and Hallgren, A and Halzen, F and Hanson, K and Heereman, D and Heinen, D and Helbing, K and Hellauer, R and Hickford, S and Hill, GC and Hoffman, KD and Hoffmann, R and Homeier, A and Hoshina, K and Huelsnitz, W and Hulth, PO and Hultqvist, K and Hussain, S and Ishihara, A and Jacobi, E and Jacobsen, J and Jagielski, K and Japaridze, GS and Jero, K and Jlelati, Ola and Kaminsky, B and Kappes, A and Karg, T and Karle, A and Kelley, JL and Kiryluk, J and Klas, J and Klein, SR and Kohne, JH and Kohnen, G and Kolanoski, H and Kopke, L and Kopper, C and Kopper, S and Koskinen, DJ and Kowalski, M and Krasberg, M and Krings, K and Kroll, G and Kunnen, J and Kurahashi, N and Kuwabara, T and Labare, Mathieu and Landsman, H and Larson, MJ and Lesiak-Bzdak, M and Leuermann, M and Leute, J and Lunemann, J and Macias, O and Madsen, J and Maggi, G and Maruyama, R and Mase, K and Matis, HS and McNally, F and Meagher, K and Merck, M and Meures, T and Miarecki, S and Middell, E and Milke, N and Miller, J and Mohrmann, L and Montaruli, T and Morse, R and Nahnhauer, R and Naumann, U and Niederhausen, H and Nowicki, SC and Nygren, DR and Obertacke, A and Odrowski, S and Olivas, A and Omairat, A and O'Murchadha, A and Paul, L and Pepper, JA and de los Heros, CP and Pfendner, C and Pieloth, D and Pinat, E and Posselt, J and Price, PB and Przybylski, GT and Radel, L and Rameez, M and Rawlins, K and Redl, P and Reimann, R and Resconi, E and Rhode, W and Ribordy, M and Richman, M and Riedel, B and Rodrigues, JP and Rott, C and Ruhe, T and Ruzybayev, B and Ryckbosch, Dirk and Saba, SM and Salameh, T and Sander, HG and Santander, M and Sarkar, S and Schatto, K and Scheriau, F and Schmidt, T and Schmitz, M and Schoenen, S and Schoneberg, S and Schonwald, A and Schukraft, A and Schulte, L and Schulz, O and Seckel, D and Sestayo, Y and Seunarine, S and Shanidze, R and Sheremata, C and Smith, MWE and Soldin, D and Spiczak, GM and Spiering, C and Stamatikos, M and Stanev, T and Stasik, A and Stezelberger, T and Stokstad, RG and Stossl, A and Strahler, EA and Strom, R and Sullivan, GW and Taavola, H and Taboada, I and Tamburro, A and Tepe, A and Ter-Antonyan, S and Tesic, G and Tilav, S and Toale, PA and Toscano, S and Unger, E and Usner, M and Vallecorsa, S and van Eijndhoven, N and Van Overloop, Arne and van Santen, J and Vehring, M and Voge, M and Vraeghe, Matthias and Walck, C and Waldenmaier, T and Wallraff, M and Weaver, C and Wellons, M and Wendt, C and Westerhoff, S and Whitehorn, N and Wiebe, K and Wiebusch, CH and Williams, DR and Wissing, H and Wolf, M and Wood, TR and Woschnagg, K and Xu, DL and Xu, XW and Yanez, JP and Yodh, G and Yoshida, S and Zarzhitsky, P and Ziemann, J and Zierke, S and Zoll, M},
  issn         = {0004-637X},
  journal      = {ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL},
  keywords     = {neutrinos,telescopes,cosmic rays,astroparticle physics,GALACTIC SOURCES,MOLECULAR CLOUDS,STARBURST GALAXIES,CRAB-NEBULA,COSMIC-RAYS,SUPERNOVA-REMNANTS,FERMI-LAT DISCOVERY,BRIGHT GALAXY SAMPLE,HIGH-ENERGY NEUTRINOS,GAMMA-RAY EMISSION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {17},
  title        = {Search for time-independent neutrino emission from astrophysical sources with 3 yr of IceCube data},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/779/2/132},
  volume       = {779},
  year         = {2013},
}

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