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Whole breast radiotherapy in prone and supine position: is there a place for multi-beam IMRT?

THOMAS MULLIEZ, Bruno Speleers (UGent) , Indira Madani (UGent) , Werner De Gersem (UGent) , Liv Veldeman (UGent) and Wilfried De Neve (UGent)
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Abstract
Background: Early stage breast cancer patients are long-term survivors and finding techniques that may lower acute and late radiotherapy-induced toxicity is crucial. We compared dosimetry of wedged tangential fields (W-TF), tangential field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (TF-IMRT) and multi-beam IMRT (MB-IMRT) in prone and supine positions for whole-breast irradiation (WBI). Methods: MB-IMRT, TF-IMRT and W-TF treatment plans in prone and supine positions were generated for 18 unselected breast cancer patients. The median prescription dose to the optimized planning target volume (PTVoptim) was 50 Gy in 25 fractions. Dose-volume parameters and indices of conformity were calculated for the PTVoptim and organs-at-risk. Results: Prone MB-IMRT achieved (p<0.01) the best dose homogeneity compared to WTF in the prone position and WTF and MB-IMRT in the supine position. Prone IMRT scored better for all dose indices. MB-IMRT lowered lung and heart dose (p<0.05) in supine position, however the lowest ipsilateral lung doses (p<0.001) were in prone position. In left-sided breast cancer patients population averages for heart sparing by radiation dose was better in prone position; though non-significant. For patients with a PTVoptim volume >= 600 cc heart dose was consistently lower in prone position; while for patients with smaller breasts heart dose metrics were comparable or worse compared to supine MB-IMRT. Doses to the contralateral breast were similar regardless of position or technique. Dosimetry of prone MB-IMRT and prone TF-IMRT differed slightly. Conclusions: MB-IMRT is the treatment of choice in supine position. Prone IMRT is superior to any supine treatment for right-sided breast cancer patients and left-sided breast cancer patients with larger breasts by obtaining better conformity indices, target dose distribution and sparing of the organs-at-risk. The influence of treatment techniques in prone position is less pronounced; moreover dosimetric differences between TF-IMRT and MB-IMRT are rather small.

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Chicago
MULLIEZ, THOMAS, Bruno Speleers, Indira Madani, Werner De Gersem, Liv Veldeman, and Wilfried De Neve. 2013. “Whole Breast Radiotherapy in Prone and Supine Position: Is There a Place for Multi-beam IMRT?” Radiation Oncology 8.
APA
MULLIEZ, T., Speleers, B., Madani, I., De Gersem, W., Veldeman, L., & De Neve, W. (2013). Whole breast radiotherapy in prone and supine position: is there a place for multi-beam IMRT? RADIATION ONCOLOGY, 8.
Vancouver
1.
MULLIEZ T, Speleers B, Madani I, De Gersem W, Veldeman L, De Neve W. Whole breast radiotherapy in prone and supine position: is there a place for multi-beam IMRT? RADIATION ONCOLOGY. 2013;8.
MLA
MULLIEZ, THOMAS, Bruno Speleers, Indira Madani, et al. “Whole Breast Radiotherapy in Prone and Supine Position: Is There a Place for Multi-beam IMRT?” RADIATION ONCOLOGY 8 (2013): n. pag. Print.
@article{4432607,
  abstract     = {Background: Early stage breast cancer patients are long-term survivors and finding techniques that may lower acute and late radiotherapy-induced toxicity is crucial. We compared dosimetry of wedged tangential fields (W-TF), tangential field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (TF-IMRT) and multi-beam IMRT (MB-IMRT) in prone and supine positions for whole-breast irradiation (WBI).
Methods: MB-IMRT, TF-IMRT and W-TF treatment plans in prone and supine positions were generated for 18 unselected breast cancer patients. The median prescription dose to the optimized planning target volume (PTVoptim) was 50 Gy in 25 fractions. Dose-volume parameters and indices of conformity were calculated for the PTVoptim and organs-at-risk.
Results: Prone MB-IMRT achieved (p{\textlangle}0.01) the best dose homogeneity compared to WTF in the prone position and WTF and MB-IMRT in the supine position. Prone IMRT scored better for all dose indices. MB-IMRT lowered lung and heart dose (p{\textlangle}0.05) in supine position, however the lowest ipsilateral lung doses (p{\textlangle}0.001) were in prone position. In left-sided breast cancer patients population averages for heart sparing by radiation dose was better in prone position; though non-significant. For patients with a PTVoptim volume {\textrangle}= 600 cc heart dose was consistently lower in prone position; while for patients with smaller breasts heart dose metrics were comparable or worse compared to supine MB-IMRT. Doses to the contralateral breast were similar regardless of position or technique. Dosimetry of prone MB-IMRT and prone TF-IMRT differed slightly.
Conclusions: MB-IMRT is the treatment of choice in supine position. Prone IMRT is superior to any supine treatment for right-sided breast cancer patients and left-sided breast cancer patients with larger breasts by obtaining better conformity indices, target dose distribution and sparing of the organs-at-risk. The influence of treatment techniques in prone position is less pronounced; moreover dosimetric differences between TF-IMRT and MB-IMRT are rather small.},
  articleno    = {151},
  author       = {MULLIEZ, THOMAS and Speleers, Bruno and Madani, Indira and De Gersem, Werner and Veldeman, Liv and De Neve, Wilfried},
  issn         = {1748-717X},
  journal      = {RADIATION ONCOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {7},
  title        = {Whole breast radiotherapy in prone and supine position: is there a place for multi-beam IMRT?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1748-717X-8-151},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2013},
}

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