Advanced search
1 file | 996.12 KB

Evaluating the efficiency of typographic design : gender and expertise variation

Rasha Deeb (UGent) , Kristien Ooms (UGent) , Valerie Vanopbroeke (UGent) and Philippe De Maeyer (UGent)
(2014) CARTOGRAPHIC JOURNAL. 51(1). p.75-86
Author
Organization
Abstract
Although the efficiency of label placement algorithms has been studied extensively, few studies considered the influence of the label designs on the efficiency of map readers. Labels are one of the most important elements on the map as they can provide more information than other symbols can. The design of the labels does have to stress the theme, shape and functionality of the associated objects, which results in a more efficient interpretation of the map content by the user. How the label designs can enhance the map readers' efficiency (and thus the quality of the maps themselves) is the main objective of this study. A user study was conducted in which the participants were asked to locate a target label on a map. Different label designs were implemented across the trials. The participants' reactions times were registered to measure their efficiency and statistically analysed using a one-way ANOVA. Two different users' characteristics were considered: gender and expertise. Related to the size, shape, orientation and texture of the labels, a number of significant differences (P<0.05) and trends were located. Differences in efficiency between males and females, on the one hand, and between novices and experts, on the other hand, were also described statistically. Consequently, recommendations can be formulated regarding the design of labels in order to obtain more efficient maps, keeping in mind the map users' characteristics.
Keywords
Visual variable, label design, label efficiency

Downloads

  • Deeb et al CJ.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 996.12 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Deeb, Rasha, Kristien Ooms, Valerie Vanopbroeke, and Philippe De Maeyer. 2014. “Evaluating the Efficiency of Typographic Design : Gender and Expertise Variation.” Cartographic Journal 51 (1): 75–86.
APA
Deeb, R., Ooms, K., Vanopbroeke, V., & De Maeyer, P. (2014). Evaluating the efficiency of typographic design : gender and expertise variation. CARTOGRAPHIC JOURNAL, 51(1), 75–86.
Vancouver
1.
Deeb R, Ooms K, Vanopbroeke V, De Maeyer P. Evaluating the efficiency of typographic design : gender and expertise variation. CARTOGRAPHIC JOURNAL. 2014;51(1):75–86.
MLA
Deeb, Rasha, Kristien Ooms, Valerie Vanopbroeke, et al. “Evaluating the Efficiency of Typographic Design : Gender and Expertise Variation.” CARTOGRAPHIC JOURNAL 51.1 (2014): 75–86. Print.
@article{4423532,
  abstract     = {Although the efficiency of label placement algorithms has been studied extensively, few studies considered the influence of the label designs on the efficiency of map readers. Labels are one of the most important elements on the map as they can provide more information than other symbols can. The design of the labels does have to stress the theme, shape and functionality of the associated objects, which results in a more efficient interpretation of the map content by the user. How the label designs can enhance the map readers' efficiency (and thus the quality of the maps themselves) is the main objective of this study. A user study was conducted in which the participants were asked to locate a target label on a map. Different label designs were implemented across the trials. The participants' reactions times were registered to measure their efficiency and statistically analysed using a one-way ANOVA. Two different users' characteristics were considered: gender and expertise. Related to the size, shape, orientation and texture of the labels, a number of significant differences (P{\textlangle}0.05) and trends were located. Differences in efficiency between males and females, on the one hand, and between novices and experts, on the other hand, were also described statistically. Consequently, recommendations can be formulated regarding the design of labels in order to obtain more efficient maps, keeping in mind the map users' characteristics.},
  author       = {Deeb, Rasha and Ooms, Kristien and Vanopbroeke, Valerie and De Maeyer, Philippe},
  issn         = {0008-7041},
  journal      = {CARTOGRAPHIC JOURNAL},
  keyword      = {Visual variable,label design,label efficiency},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {75--86},
  title        = {Evaluating the efficiency of typographic design : gender and expertise variation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1743277413Y.0000000037},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2014},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: