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Preferences in management of high-risk prostate cancer among urologists in Europe: results of a web-based survey

(2015) BJU INTERNATIONAL. 115(4). p.571-579
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Abstract
Objective : To explore preferences in the management of patients with newly diagnosed high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) among urologists in Europe through a web-based survey. Materials and Methods : A web-based survey was conducted between 15 August and 15 September 2013 by members of the Prostate Cancer Working Group of the Young Academic Urologists Working Party of the European Association of Urology (EAU). A specific, 29-item multiple-choice questionnaire covering the whole spectrum of diagnosis, staging and treatment of high-risk PCa was e-mailed to all urologists included in the mailing list of EAU members. Europe was divided into four geographical regions: Central-Eastern Europe (CEE), Northern Europe (NE), Southern Europe (SE) and Western Europe (WE). Descriptive statistics were used. Differences among sample segments were obtained from a z-test compared with the total sample. Results : Of the 12 850 invited EAU members, 585 urologists practising in Europe completed the survey. High-risk PCa was defined as serum PSA >= 20 ng/mL or clinical stage >= T3 or biopsy Gleason score >= 8 by 67% of responders, without significant geographical variations. The preferred single-imaging examinations for staging were bone scan (74%, 81% in WE and 70% in SE; P = 0.02 for both), magnetic resonance imaging (53%, 72% in WE and 40% in SE; P = 0.02 and P = 0.01, respectively) and computed tomography (45%, 60% in SE and 23% in WE; P = 0.01 for both). Pre-treatment predictive tools were routinely used by 62% of the urologists, without significant geographical variations. The preferred treatment was radical prostatectomy as the initial step of a multipletreatment approach (60%, 40% in NE and 70% in CEE; P = 0.02 and P < 0.01, respectively), followed by external beam radiation therapy with androgen deprivation therapy (29%, 45% in NE and 20% in CEE; P = 0.01 and P = 0.02, respectively), and radical prostatectomy as monotherapy (4%, 7% in WE; P = 0.04). When surgery was performed, the open retropubic approach was the most popular (58%, 74% in CEE, 37% in NE; P < 0.01 for both). Pelvic lymph node dissection was performed by 96% of urologists, equally split between a standard and extended template. There was no consensus on the definition of disease recurrence after primary treatment, and much heterogeneity in the administration of adjuvant and salvage treatments. Conclusion : With the limitation of a low response rate, the present study is the first survey evaluating preferences in the management of high-risk PCa among urologists in Europe. [...]
Keywords
MORTALITY, TRENDS, prostatic neoplasms, radiation therapy, androgen deprivation therapy, prostatectomy, high-risk prostate cancer, LYMPH-NODE DISSECTION, survey, RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY, RADIATION-THERAPY, UNITED-STATES, RATES, MEN

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Chicago
Surcel, Cristian I, Prasanna Sooriakumaran, Alberto Briganti, Pieter De Visschere, Jurgen J Fütterer, Pirus Ghadjar, Hendrik Isbarn, et al. 2015. “Preferences in Management of High-risk Prostate Cancer Among Urologists in Europe: Results of a Web-based Survey.” Bju International 115 (4): 571–579.
APA
Surcel, C. I., Sooriakumaran, P., Briganti, A., De Visschere, P., Fütterer, J. J., Ghadjar, P., Isbarn, H., et al. (2015). Preferences in management of high-risk prostate cancer among urologists in Europe: results of a web-based survey. BJU INTERNATIONAL, 115(4), 571–579.
Vancouver
1.
Surcel CI, Sooriakumaran P, Briganti A, De Visschere P, Fütterer JJ, Ghadjar P, et al. Preferences in management of high-risk prostate cancer among urologists in Europe: results of a web-based survey. BJU INTERNATIONAL. 2015;115(4):571–9.
MLA
Surcel, Cristian I et al. “Preferences in Management of High-risk Prostate Cancer Among Urologists in Europe: Results of a Web-based Survey.” BJU INTERNATIONAL 115.4 (2015): 571–579. Print.
@article{4419676,
  abstract     = {Objective : To explore preferences in the management of patients with newly diagnosed high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) among urologists in Europe through a web-based survey. 
Materials and Methods : A web-based survey was conducted between 15 August and 15 September 2013 by members of the Prostate Cancer Working Group of the Young Academic Urologists Working Party of the European Association of Urology (EAU). A specific, 29-item multiple-choice questionnaire covering the whole spectrum of diagnosis, staging and treatment of high-risk PCa was e-mailed to all urologists included in the mailing list of EAU members. Europe was divided into four geographical regions: Central-Eastern Europe (CEE), Northern Europe (NE), Southern Europe (SE) and Western Europe (WE). Descriptive statistics were used. Differences among sample segments were obtained from a z-test compared with the total sample. 
Results : Of the 12 850 invited EAU members, 585 urologists practising in Europe completed the survey. High-risk PCa was defined as serum PSA >= 20 ng/mL or clinical stage >= T3 or biopsy Gleason score >= 8 by 67% of responders, without significant geographical variations. The preferred single-imaging examinations for staging were bone scan (74%, 81% in WE and 70% in SE; P = 0.02 for both), magnetic resonance imaging (53%, 72% in WE and 40% in SE; P = 0.02 and P = 0.01, respectively) and computed tomography (45%, 60% in SE and 23% in WE; P = 0.01 for both). Pre-treatment predictive tools were routinely used by 62% of the urologists, without significant geographical variations. The preferred treatment was radical prostatectomy as the initial step of a multipletreatment approach (60%, 40% in NE and 70% in CEE; P = 0.02 and P < 0.01, respectively), followed by external beam radiation therapy with androgen deprivation therapy (29%, 45% in NE and 20% in CEE; P = 0.01 and P = 0.02, respectively), and radical prostatectomy as monotherapy (4%, 7% in WE; P = 0.04). When surgery was performed, the open retropubic approach was the most popular (58%, 74% in CEE, 37% in NE; P < 0.01 for both). Pelvic lymph node dissection was performed by 96% of urologists, equally split between a standard and extended template. There was no consensus on the definition of disease recurrence after primary treatment, and much heterogeneity in the administration of adjuvant and salvage treatments. 
Conclusion : With the limitation of a low response rate, the present study is the first survey evaluating preferences in the management of high-risk PCa among urologists in Europe. [...]},
  author       = {Surcel, Cristian I and Sooriakumaran, Prasanna and Briganti, Alberto and De Visschere, Pieter and Fütterer, Jurgen J and Ghadjar, Pirus and Isbarn, Hendrik and Ost, Piet and Ploussard, Guillaume and van den Bergh, Roderick CN and van Oort, Inge M and Yossepowitch, Ofer and Sedelaar, JP Michiel and Giannarini, Gianluca},
  issn         = {1464-4096},
  journal      = {BJU INTERNATIONAL},
  keywords     = {MORTALITY,TRENDS,prostatic neoplasms,radiation therapy,androgen deprivation therapy,prostatectomy,high-risk prostate cancer,LYMPH-NODE DISSECTION,survey,RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY,RADIATION-THERAPY,UNITED-STATES,RATES,MEN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {571--579},
  title        = {Preferences in management of high-risk prostate cancer among urologists in Europe: results of a web-based survey},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bju.12796},
  volume       = {115},
  year         = {2015},
}

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