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Hierarchical structure of maladaptive personality traits in older adults: joint factor analysis of the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ

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Abstract
In DSM-5, the categorical model and criteria for the 10 personality disorders included in DSM-IV will be reprinted in Section II. Moreover, an alternative dimensional classification model will appear in Section III. This alternative DSM-5 proposal for the diagnosis of a personality disorder is based on two fundamental criteria: impairments in personality functioning (Criterion A) and the presence of pathological personality traits (Criterion B). In the maladaptive trait model that has been developed to operationalize Criterion B, 25 pathological traits are organized according to five higher order dimensions. The current study focuses on the convergence of the proposed DSM-5 trait model (as measured by the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 [PID-5]) with the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology (DAPP) model (as measured by the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology–Basic Questionnaire [DAPP-BQ]) in a sample of older people. A joint hierarchical factor analysis showed clear convergence between four PID-5 dimensions (Negative Affect, Detachment, Antagonism, Disinhibition) and conceptually similar DAPP-BQ components. Moreover, the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ showed meaningful associations on different levels of their joint hierarchical factor structure. Methodological and theoretical implications of these initial results for the conceptualization of personality pathology are discussed.
Keywords
PATHOLOGY, DISORDERS, DSM-5

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MLA
Van den Broeck, Joke et al. “Hierarchical Structure of Maladaptive Personality Traits in Older Adults: Joint Factor Analysis of the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ.” JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS 28.2 (2014): 198–211. Print.
APA
Van den Broeck, J., Bastiaansen, L., Rossi, G., Dierckx, E., De Clercq, B., & Hofmans, J. (2014). Hierarchical structure of maladaptive personality traits in older adults: joint factor analysis of the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS, 28(2), 198–211.
Chicago author-date
Van den Broeck, Joke, Leen Bastiaansen, Gina Rossi, Eva Dierckx, Barbara De Clercq, and Joeri Hofmans. 2014. “Hierarchical Structure of Maladaptive Personality Traits in Older Adults: Joint Factor Analysis of the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ.” Journal of Personality Disorders 28 (2): 198–211.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van den Broeck, Joke, Leen Bastiaansen, Gina Rossi, Eva Dierckx, Barbara De Clercq, and Joeri Hofmans. 2014. “Hierarchical Structure of Maladaptive Personality Traits in Older Adults: Joint Factor Analysis of the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ.” Journal of Personality Disorders 28 (2): 198–211.
Vancouver
1.
Van den Broeck J, Bastiaansen L, Rossi G, Dierckx E, De Clercq B, Hofmans J. Hierarchical structure of maladaptive personality traits in older adults: joint factor analysis of the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS. 2014;28(2):198–211.
IEEE
[1]
J. Van den Broeck, L. Bastiaansen, G. Rossi, E. Dierckx, B. De Clercq, and J. Hofmans, “Hierarchical structure of maladaptive personality traits in older adults: joint factor analysis of the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ,” JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 198–211, 2014.
@article{4416080,
  abstract     = {In DSM-5, the categorical model and criteria for the 10 personality disorders included in DSM-IV will be reprinted in Section II. Moreover, an alternative dimensional classification model will appear in Section III. This alternative DSM-5 proposal for the diagnosis of a personality disorder is based on two fundamental criteria: impairments in personality functioning (Criterion A) and the presence of pathological personality traits (Criterion B). In the maladaptive trait model that has been developed to operationalize Criterion B, 25 pathological traits are organized according to five higher order dimensions. The current study focuses on the convergence of the proposed DSM-5 trait model (as measured by the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 [PID-5]) with the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology (DAPP) model (as measured by the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology–Basic Questionnaire [DAPP-BQ]) in a sample of older people. A joint hierarchical factor analysis showed clear convergence between four PID-5 dimensions (Negative Affect, Detachment, Antagonism, Disinhibition) and conceptually similar DAPP-BQ components. Moreover, the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ showed meaningful associations on different levels of their joint hierarchical factor structure. Methodological and theoretical implications of these initial results for the conceptualization of personality pathology are discussed.},
  author       = {Van den Broeck, Joke and Bastiaansen, Leen and Rossi, Gina and Dierckx, Eva and De Clercq, Barbara and Hofmans, Joeri},
  issn         = {0885-579X},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS},
  keywords     = {PATHOLOGY,DISORDERS,DSM-5},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {198--211},
  title        = {Hierarchical structure of maladaptive personality traits in older adults: joint factor analysis of the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2013_27_114},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2014},
}

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