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Age-neutrality of the NEO-PI-R: potential differential item functioning in older versus younger adults

Joke Van den Broeck, Gina Rossi, Eva Dierckx and Barbara De Clercq UGent (2012) JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT. 34(3). p.361-369
abstract
Geriatric researchers and clinicians often have to deal with a lack of valid personality measures for older age groups (e.g., Mroczek, Hurt, & Berman, 1999; Zweig 2008), which hampers a reliable assessment of personality in later life. An age-neutral measurement system is one of the basic conditions for an accurate personality assessment across the lifespan, both longitudinally and cross-sectionally. In the present study, we empirically investigate the age-neutrality of one of the most widely used personality measures (i.e., the NEO PI-R (Costa & McCrae, 1992)), by examining potential Differential Item Functioning (DIF). Overall, results indicate that the vast majority (92.9 % at domain-level and 95 % at facet-level) of the NEO PI-R items was similarly endorsed by younger and older age groups with the same position on the personality trait of interest, corroborating the NEO PI-R’s age neutrality. However, Differential Test Functioning (DTF) analyses revealed large DTF for Extraversion, and facet A6 (Tender-Mindedness). Results are discussed in terms of their implications for using the current format of the NEO PI-R in older aged samples.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
5-FACTOR MODEL, Older Adults, PERSONALITY-DISORDERS, DIF, PERSPECTIVE, ESTIMATOR, INVENTORY, TESTS, BIAS, LIFE, NEO PI-R, Differential Item Functioning, Assessment, Personality
journal title
JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT
J Psychopathol Behav Assess
volume
34
issue
3
pages
361 - 369
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000307997200007
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, CLINICAL
JCR impact factor
1.866 (2012)
JCR rank
46/114 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
0882-2689
DOI
10.1007/s10862-012-9287-4
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
4415728
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-4415728
date created
2014-06-13 13:45:09
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:39:41
@article{4415728,
  abstract     = {Geriatric researchers and clinicians often have to deal with a lack of valid personality measures for older age groups (e.g., Mroczek, Hurt, \& Berman, 1999; Zweig 2008), which hampers a reliable assessment of personality in later life. An age-neutral measurement system is one of the basic conditions for an accurate personality assessment across the lifespan, both longitudinally and cross-sectionally. In the present study, we empirically investigate the age-neutrality of one of the most widely used personality measures (i.e., the NEO PI-R (Costa \& McCrae, 1992)), by examining potential Differential Item Functioning (DIF). Overall, results indicate that the vast majority (92.9 \% at domain-level and 95 \% at facet-level) of the NEO PI-R items was similarly endorsed by younger and older age groups with the same position on the personality trait of interest, corroborating the NEO PI-R{\textquoteright}s age neutrality. However, Differential Test Functioning (DTF) analyses revealed large DTF for Extraversion, and facet A6 (Tender-Mindedness). Results are discussed in terms of their implications for using the current format of the NEO PI-R in older aged samples.},
  author       = {Van den Broeck, Joke and Rossi, Gina and Dierckx, Eva and De Clercq, Barbara},
  issn         = {0882-2689},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT},
  keyword      = {5-FACTOR MODEL,Older Adults,PERSONALITY-DISORDERS,DIF,PERSPECTIVE,ESTIMATOR,INVENTORY,TESTS,BIAS,LIFE,NEO PI-R,Differential Item Functioning,Assessment,Personality},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {361--369},
  title        = {Age-neutrality of the NEO-PI-R: potential differential item functioning in older versus younger adults},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10862-012-9287-4},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Van den Broeck, Joke, Gina Rossi, Eva Dierckx, and Barbara De Clercq. 2012. “Age-neutrality of the NEO-PI-R: Potential Differential Item Functioning in Older Versus Younger Adults.” Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 34 (3): 361–369.
APA
Van den Broeck, Joke, Rossi, G., Dierckx, E., & De Clercq, B. (2012). Age-neutrality of the NEO-PI-R: potential differential item functioning in older versus younger adults. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT, 34(3), 361–369.
Vancouver
1.
Van den Broeck J, Rossi G, Dierckx E, De Clercq B. Age-neutrality of the NEO-PI-R: potential differential item functioning in older versus younger adults. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT. 2012;34(3):361–9.
MLA
Van den Broeck, Joke, Gina Rossi, Eva Dierckx, et al. “Age-neutrality of the NEO-PI-R: Potential Differential Item Functioning in Older Versus Younger Adults.” JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT 34.3 (2012): 361–369. Print.