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The relationships between internal and external threats and right-wing attitudes: a three-wave longitudinal study

Emma Onraet (UGent) , Kristof Dhont (UGent) and Alain Van Hiel (UGent)
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Abstract
The interplay between threat and right-wing attitudes has received much research attention, but its longitudinal relationship has hardly been investigated. In this study, we investigated the longitudinal relationships between internal and external threats and right-wing attitudes using a cross-lagged design at three different time points in a large nationally representative sample (N = 800). We found evidence for bidirectional relationships. Higher levels of external threat were related to higher levels of Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) and to both the egalitarianism and dominance dimensions of Social Dominance Orientation at a later point in time. Conversely, higher levels of RWA were also related to increased perception of external threat later in time. Internal threat did not yield significant direct or indirect longitudinal relationships with right-wing attitudes. Theoretical and practical implications of these longitudinal effects are discussed.
Keywords
11TH TERRORIST ATTACKS, SOCIAL-DOMINANCE ORIENTATION, DUAL PROCESS MODEL, POLITICAL CONSERVATISM, COMPETITIVE WORLDVIEWS, MEASUREMENT INVARIANCE, BIASED ASSIMILATION, MISSING-DATA, AUTHORITARIANISM, PREJUDICE, internal threat, external threat, authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, longitudinal relationships, cross-lagged model

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Chicago
Onraet, Emma, Kristof Dhont, and Alain Van Hiel. 2014. “The Relationships Between Internal and External Threats and Right-wing Attitudes: a Three-wave Longitudinal Study.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 40 (6): 712–725.
APA
Onraet, E., Dhont, K., & Van Hiel, A. (2014). The relationships between internal and external threats and right-wing attitudes: a three-wave longitudinal study. PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, 40(6), 712–725.
Vancouver
1.
Onraet E, Dhont K, Van Hiel A. The relationships between internal and external threats and right-wing attitudes: a three-wave longitudinal study. PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN. 2014;40(6):712–25.
MLA
Onraet, Emma, Kristof Dhont, and Alain Van Hiel. “The Relationships Between Internal and External Threats and Right-wing Attitudes: a Three-wave Longitudinal Study.” PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN 40.6 (2014): 712–725. Print.
@article{4414239,
  abstract     = {The interplay between threat and right-wing attitudes has received much research attention, but its longitudinal relationship has hardly been investigated. In this study, we investigated the longitudinal relationships between internal and external threats and right-wing attitudes using a cross-lagged design at three different time points in a large nationally representative sample (N = 800). We found evidence for bidirectional relationships. Higher levels of external threat were related to higher levels of Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) and to both the egalitarianism and dominance dimensions of Social Dominance Orientation at a later point in time. Conversely, higher levels of RWA were also related to increased perception of external threat later in time. Internal threat did not yield significant direct or indirect longitudinal relationships with right-wing attitudes. Theoretical and practical implications of these longitudinal effects are discussed.},
  author       = {Onraet, Emma and Dhont, Kristof and Van Hiel, Alain},
  issn         = {0146-1672},
  journal      = {PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {712--725},
  title        = {The relationships between internal and external threats and right-wing attitudes: a three-wave longitudinal study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167213478199},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2014},
}

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