Advanced search
1 file | 127.65 KB Add to list

B. anthracis in a wool-processing factory: seroprevalence and occupational risk

(2012) EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION. 140(5). p.879-886
Author
Organization
Abstract
In a Belgian wool-processing factory, living anthrax spores were found in raw goat hair and air dust, but confirmed anthrax cases had never been reported. Anthrax vaccines are not licensed nor recommended in Belgium. We conducted a B. anthracis seroprevalence study to investigate risk factors associated with positive serology and advise on protective measures. Overall 12.1% (8/66) employees were seropositive; 30% of persons processing raw goat hair and 20% of persons sorting raw goat hair were seropositive compared to 3% in less exposed jobs [adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR) 44.4, P=0.001; aPR 14.5, P=0.016, respectively). The number of masks used per day was protective (aPR 0.3, P=0.015). Results suggest a dose-response association for those processing raw goat hair. Host-related factors probably played a role as antibody response varied from person to person within an exposure group. Workers exposed to raw goat hair should be offered higher protection against anthrax and have access to anthrax vaccines.
Keywords
MILLS, Anthrax, EPIDEMIC, RESPONSES, WORKERS, INFECTION, INHALATIONAL ANTHRAX, ANTIBODIES, IMMUNOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS, PROTECTIVE ANTIGEN, BACILLUS-ANTHRACIS, wool sorters, wool, protective antigen, seroprevalence, occupational exposure, goat hair, Bacillus anthracis

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 127.65 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Kissling, E, P Wattiau, B China, et al. “B. Anthracis in a Wool-processing Factory: Seroprevalence and Occupational Risk.” EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION 140.5 (2012): 879–886. Print.
APA
Kissling, E., Wattiau, P., China, B., Poncin, M., Fretin, D., Pirenne, Y., & Hanquet, G. (2012). B. anthracis in a wool-processing factory: seroprevalence and occupational risk. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION, 140(5), 879–886.
Chicago author-date
Kissling, E, P Wattiau, B China, M Poncin, D Fretin, Y Pirenne, and Germaine Hanquet. 2012. “B. Anthracis in a Wool-processing Factory: Seroprevalence and Occupational Risk.” Epidemiology and Infection 140 (5): 879–886.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Kissling, E, P Wattiau, B China, M Poncin, D Fretin, Y Pirenne, and Germaine Hanquet. 2012. “B. Anthracis in a Wool-processing Factory: Seroprevalence and Occupational Risk.” Epidemiology and Infection 140 (5): 879–886.
Vancouver
1.
Kissling E, Wattiau P, China B, Poncin M, Fretin D, Pirenne Y, et al. B. anthracis in a wool-processing factory: seroprevalence and occupational risk. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION. 2012;140(5):879–86.
IEEE
[1]
E. Kissling et al., “B. anthracis in a wool-processing factory: seroprevalence and occupational risk,” EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION, vol. 140, no. 5, pp. 879–886, 2012.
@article{4414015,
  abstract     = {In a Belgian wool-processing factory, living anthrax spores were found in raw goat hair and air dust, but confirmed anthrax cases had never been reported. Anthrax vaccines are not licensed nor recommended in Belgium. We conducted a B. anthracis seroprevalence study to investigate risk factors associated with positive serology and advise on protective measures. Overall 12.1% (8/66) employees were seropositive; 30% of persons processing raw goat hair and 20% of persons sorting raw goat hair were seropositive compared to 3% in less exposed jobs [adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR) 44.4, P=0.001; aPR 14.5, P=0.016, respectively). The number of masks used per day was protective (aPR 0.3, P=0.015). Results suggest a dose-response association for those processing raw goat hair. Host-related factors probably played a role as antibody response varied from person to person within an exposure group. Workers exposed to raw goat hair should be offered higher protection against anthrax and have access to anthrax vaccines.},
  author       = {Kissling, E and Wattiau, P and China, B and Poncin, M and Fretin, D and Pirenne, Y and Hanquet, Germaine},
  issn         = {0950-2688},
  journal      = {EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION},
  keywords     = {MILLS,Anthrax,EPIDEMIC,RESPONSES,WORKERS,INFECTION,INHALATIONAL ANTHRAX,ANTIBODIES,IMMUNOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS,PROTECTIVE ANTIGEN,BACILLUS-ANTHRACIS,wool sorters,wool,protective antigen,seroprevalence,occupational exposure,goat hair,Bacillus anthracis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {879--886},
  title        = {B. anthracis in a wool-processing factory: seroprevalence and occupational risk},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268811001488},
  volume       = {140},
  year         = {2012},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: