Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Modelling mechanisms with causal cycles

Brendan Clarke, Bert Leuridan UGent and Jon Williamson (2014) SYNTHESE. 191(8). p.1651-1681
abstract
Mechanistic philosophy of science views a large part of scientific activity as engaged in modelling mechanisms. While science textbooks tend to offer qualitative models of mechanisms, there is increasing demand for models from which one can draw quantitative predictions and explanations. Casini et al. (Theoria 26(1):5-33, 2011) put forward the Recursive Bayesian Networks (RBN) formalism as well suited to this end. The RBN formalism is an extension of the standard Bayesian net formalism, an extension that allows for modelling the hierarchical nature of mechanisms. Like the standard Bayesian net formalism, it models causal relationships using directed acyclic graphs. Given this appeal to acyclicity, causal cycles pose a prima facie problem for the RBN approach. This paper argues that the problem is a significant one given the ubiquity of causal cycles in mechanisms, but that the problem can be solved by combining two sorts of solution strategy in a judicious way.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION, MARKOV CONDITION, BAYESIAN NETWORKS, SLEEP-APNEA, INDEPENDENCE, MODULARITY, WOODWARD, HAUSMAN, ACCOUNT, DISEASE, Bayesian nets, Recursive Bayesian nets, Cyclic causality, Mechanisms, Feedback, Causal models, Causation, Mechanistic modelling
journal title
SYNTHESE
volume
191
issue
8
pages
1651 - 1681
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000335505900001
JCR category
HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
JCR impact factor
0.739 (2014)
JCR rank
14/60 (2014)
JCR quartile
1 (2014)
ISSN
0039-7857
DOI
10.1007/s11229-013-0360-7
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
4413804
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-4413804
date created
2014-06-13 09:24:37
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:40:07
@article{4413804,
  abstract     = {Mechanistic philosophy of science views a large part of scientific activity as engaged in modelling mechanisms. While science textbooks tend to offer qualitative models of mechanisms, there is increasing demand for models from which one can draw quantitative predictions and explanations. Casini et al. (Theoria 26(1):5-33, 2011) put forward the Recursive Bayesian Networks (RBN) formalism as well suited to this end. The RBN formalism is an extension of the standard Bayesian net formalism, an extension that allows for modelling the hierarchical nature of mechanisms. Like the standard Bayesian net formalism, it models causal relationships using directed acyclic graphs. Given this appeal to acyclicity, causal cycles pose a prima facie problem for the RBN approach. This paper argues that the problem is a significant one given the ubiquity of causal cycles in mechanisms, but that the problem can be solved by combining two sorts of solution strategy in a judicious way.},
  author       = {Clarke, Brendan and Leuridan, Bert and Williamson, Jon},
  issn         = {0039-7857},
  journal      = {SYNTHESE},
  keyword      = {BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION,MARKOV CONDITION,BAYESIAN NETWORKS,SLEEP-APNEA,INDEPENDENCE,MODULARITY,WOODWARD,HAUSMAN,ACCOUNT,DISEASE,Bayesian nets,Recursive Bayesian nets,Cyclic causality,Mechanisms,Feedback,Causal models,Causation,Mechanistic modelling},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1651--1681},
  title        = {Modelling mechanisms with causal cycles},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11229-013-0360-7},
  volume       = {191},
  year         = {2014},
}

Chicago
Clarke, Brendan, Bert Leuridan, and Jon Williamson. 2014. “Modelling Mechanisms with Causal Cycles.” Synthese 191 (8): 1651–1681.
APA
Clarke, B., Leuridan, B., & Williamson, J. (2014). Modelling mechanisms with causal cycles. SYNTHESE, 191(8), 1651–1681.
Vancouver
1.
Clarke B, Leuridan B, Williamson J. Modelling mechanisms with causal cycles. SYNTHESE. 2014;191(8):1651–81.
MLA
Clarke, Brendan, Bert Leuridan, and Jon Williamson. “Modelling Mechanisms with Causal Cycles.” SYNTHESE 191.8 (2014): 1651–1681. Print.