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Emotion regulation meets emotional attention: the influence of emotion suppression on emotional attention depends on the nature of the distracters

Julia Vogt (UGent) and Jan De Houwer (UGent)
(2014) EMOTION. 14(5). p.840-845
Author
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Abstract
Recent evidence has suggested a crucial role of people's current goals in attention to emotional information. This asks for research investigating how and what kinds of goals shape emotional attention. The present study investigated how the goal to suppress a negative emotional state influences attention to emotion-congruent events. After inducing disgust, we instructed participants to suppress all feelings of disgust during a subsequent dot probe task. Attention to disgusting images was modulated by the sort of distracter that was presented in parallel with disgusting imagery. When disgusting images were presented together with neutral images, emotion suppression was accompanied by a tendency to attend to disgusting images. However, when disgusting images were shown with positive images that allow coping with disgust (i.e., images representing cleanliness), attention tended away from disgusting images and toward images representing cleanliness. These findings show that emotion suppression influences the allocation of attention but that the successful avoidance of emotion-congruent events depends on the availability of effective distracters.
Keywords
INFORMATION, SELECTIVE ATTENTION, MOTIVATION, THOUGHT, MEMORY, BIASES, MOOD, emotional attention, emotion regulation, suppression, goals, disgust

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Citation

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MLA
Vogt, Julia, and Jan De Houwer. “Emotion Regulation Meets Emotional Attention: The Influence of Emotion Suppression on Emotional Attention Depends on the Nature of the Distracters.” EMOTION 14.5 (2014): 840–845. Print.
APA
Vogt, J., & De Houwer, J. (2014). Emotion regulation meets emotional attention: the influence of emotion suppression on emotional attention depends on the nature of the distracters. EMOTION, 14(5), 840–845.
Chicago author-date
Vogt, Julia, and Jan De Houwer. 2014. “Emotion Regulation Meets Emotional Attention: The Influence of Emotion Suppression on Emotional Attention Depends on the Nature of the Distracters.” Emotion 14 (5): 840–845.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vogt, Julia, and Jan De Houwer. 2014. “Emotion Regulation Meets Emotional Attention: The Influence of Emotion Suppression on Emotional Attention Depends on the Nature of the Distracters.” Emotion 14 (5): 840–845.
Vancouver
1.
Vogt J, De Houwer J. Emotion regulation meets emotional attention: the influence of emotion suppression on emotional attention depends on the nature of the distracters. EMOTION. 2014;14(5):840–5.
IEEE
[1]
J. Vogt and J. De Houwer, “Emotion regulation meets emotional attention: the influence of emotion suppression on emotional attention depends on the nature of the distracters,” EMOTION, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 840–845, 2014.
@article{4412921,
  abstract     = {Recent evidence has suggested a crucial role of people's current goals in attention to emotional information. This asks for research investigating how and what kinds of goals shape emotional attention. The present study investigated how the goal to suppress a negative emotional state influences attention to emotion-congruent events. After inducing disgust, we instructed participants to suppress all feelings of disgust during a subsequent dot probe task. Attention to disgusting images was modulated by the sort of distracter that was presented in parallel with disgusting imagery. When disgusting images were presented together with neutral images, emotion suppression was accompanied by a tendency to attend to disgusting images. However, when disgusting images were shown with positive images that allow coping with disgust (i.e., images representing cleanliness), attention tended away from disgusting images and toward images representing cleanliness. These findings show that emotion suppression influences the allocation of attention but that the successful avoidance of emotion-congruent events depends on the availability of effective distracters.},
  author       = {Vogt, Julia and De Houwer, Jan},
  issn         = {1528-3542},
  journal      = {EMOTION},
  keywords     = {INFORMATION,SELECTIVE ATTENTION,MOTIVATION,THOUGHT,MEMORY,BIASES,MOOD,emotional attention,emotion regulation,suppression,goals,disgust},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {840--845},
  title        = {Emotion regulation meets emotional attention: the influence of emotion suppression on emotional attention depends on the nature of the distracters},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0037399},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2014},
}

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