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C-14 dating and material analysis of the lime burial of Cova de Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain)

(2014) RADIOCARBON. 56(2). p.387-398
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Abstract
Lime burials are a characteristic phenomenon of the protohistoric funerary tradition on the Balearic Islands. At Cova de Na Dent a lime burial has been sampled for analysis. The lime burial was made up of lime and fragmented bones. 6 layers were sampled and described in the laboratory according to their colour, the consistency of the deposition and the aspect and quantity of the bone fragments. Bone samples and lime were dated. The lime was analysed by using petrographic analysis, X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy and simultaneous thermal analysis. The results show that the bones were cremated in the presence of crushed rock carbonate. The 14C dates on the lime suggest an earlier chronology for this ritual, starting in the Bronze Age, as generally accepted
Keywords
APATITE, ORIGIN, CREMATED BONES, CARBON

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Citation

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Chicago
De Mulder, Guy, Roald Hayen, Mathieu Boudin, Tess van den Brande, Louise Decq, Magdalena Salas Burguera, Damìa Ramis, Herlinde Borms, and Mark Van Strydonck. 2014. “C-14 Dating and Material Analysis of the Lime Burial of Cova De Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain).” Ed. Mark Van Strydonck, Philippe Crombé, Guy De Mulder, and Anthony Jull. Radiocarbon 56 (2): 387–398.
APA
De Mulder, Guy, Hayen, R., Boudin, M., van den Brande, T., Decq, L., Salas Burguera, M., Ramis, D., et al. (2014). C-14 dating and material analysis of the lime burial of Cova de Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain). (Mark Van Strydonck, P. Crombé, G. De Mulder, & A. Jull, Eds.)RADIOCARBON, 56(2), 387–398.
Vancouver
1.
De Mulder G, Hayen R, Boudin M, van den Brande T, Decq L, Salas Burguera M, et al. C-14 dating and material analysis of the lime burial of Cova de Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain). Van Strydonck M, Crombé P, De Mulder G, Jull A, editors. RADIOCARBON. 2014;56(2):387–98.
MLA
De Mulder, Guy, Roald Hayen, Mathieu Boudin, et al. “C-14 Dating and Material Analysis of the Lime Burial of Cova De Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain).” Ed. Mark Van Strydonck et al. RADIOCARBON 56.2 (2014): 387–398. Print.
@article{4403481,
  abstract     = {Lime burials are a characteristic phenomenon of the protohistoric funerary tradition on the Balearic Islands. At Cova de Na Dent a lime burial has been sampled for analysis. The lime burial was made up of lime and fragmented bones. 6 layers were sampled and described in the laboratory according to their colour, the consistency of the deposition and the aspect and quantity of the bone fragments. Bone samples and lime were dated. The lime was analysed by using petrographic analysis, X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy and simultaneous thermal analysis. The results show that the bones were cremated in the presence of crushed rock carbonate. The 14C dates on the lime suggest an earlier chronology for this ritual, starting in the Bronze Age, as generally accepted},
  author       = {De Mulder, Guy and Hayen, Roald and Boudin, Mathieu and van den Brande, Tess and Decq, Louise and Salas Burguera, Magdalena and Ramis, Dam{\`i}a and Borms, Herlinde and Van Strydonck, Mark},
  editor       = {Van Strydonck, Mark and Cromb{\'e}, Philippe and De Mulder, Guy and Jull, Anthony},
  issn         = {0033-8222},
  journal      = {RADIOCARBON},
  keyword      = {APATITE,ORIGIN,CREMATED BONES,CARBON},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {387--398},
  title        = {C-14 dating and material analysis of the lime burial of Cova de Na Dent (Mallorca, Spain)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2458/56.16944},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2014},
}

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