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The role of an attenuated anticoccidial vaccine on the intestinal ecosystem and on the pathogenesis of experimental necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens

(2013) AVIAN PATHOLOGY. 42(2). p.163-170
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Abstract
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of an attenuated anticoccidial vaccination on the intestinal ecosystem and on the pathogenesis of experimental necrotic enteritis (NE) in broiler chickens. Two hundred and forty 1-day-old Cobb 500 broiler chickens were randomly allocated to four treatment groups according to the following experimental design: control Group N; Group PN, where birds were vaccinated with anticoccidial vaccine; Group M, where birds were challenged with Clostridium perfringens and with Eimeria maxima; and Group PM, where birds were both vaccinated and challenged. From each bird, the intestine, gizzard and liver were scored for gross NE lesions. Intestinal digesta were collected for pH and viscosity determination. Samples from the gastrointestinal tract and liver were taken for microbiological analysis. Evaluation of the experimental data revealed that Group M had significantly higher overall mean NE intestinal lesions compared with Group PM. Viscosity values of jejunum digesta as well as pH values of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum digesta in Group M were significantly lower compared with Group PM. C. perfringens counts in the caeca of Group PM were significantly lower compared with Group M. The milder decrease of pH and viscosity values of intestinal content and the reduction of C. perfringens counts in the caeca in challenged and vaccinated birds may explain the lower score of NE gross intestinal lesions and may suggest a positive effect on intestinal ecosystem and a significant protective effect of attenuated anticoccidial vaccination against NE in a subclinical experimental model.
Keywords
LESIONS, COCCIDIOSIS, ASSOCIATION, MODEL, CLOSTRIDIUM-PERFRINGENS, VISCOSITY, POULTRY, DRUGS, CHALLENGE, INFECTION

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MLA
Tsiouris, V, I Georgopoulou, C Batzios, et al. “The Role of an Attenuated Anticoccidial Vaccine on the Intestinal Ecosystem and on the Pathogenesis of Experimental Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens.” AVIAN PATHOLOGY 42.2 (2013): 163–170. Print.
APA
Tsiouris, V., Georgopoulou, I., Batzios, C., Pappaioannou, N., Diakou, A., Petridou, E., Ducatelle, R., et al. (2013). The role of an attenuated anticoccidial vaccine on the intestinal ecosystem and on the pathogenesis of experimental necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens. AVIAN PATHOLOGY, 42(2), 163–170.
Chicago author-date
Tsiouris, V, I Georgopoulou, C Batzios, N Pappaioannou, A Diakou, E Petridou, Richard Ducatelle, and P Fortomaris. 2013. “The Role of an Attenuated Anticoccidial Vaccine on the Intestinal Ecosystem and on the Pathogenesis of Experimental Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens.” Avian Pathology 42 (2): 163–170.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Tsiouris, V, I Georgopoulou, C Batzios, N Pappaioannou, A Diakou, E Petridou, Richard Ducatelle, and P Fortomaris. 2013. “The Role of an Attenuated Anticoccidial Vaccine on the Intestinal Ecosystem and on the Pathogenesis of Experimental Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens.” Avian Pathology 42 (2): 163–170.
Vancouver
1.
Tsiouris V, Georgopoulou I, Batzios C, Pappaioannou N, Diakou A, Petridou E, et al. The role of an attenuated anticoccidial vaccine on the intestinal ecosystem and on the pathogenesis of experimental necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens. AVIAN PATHOLOGY. 2013;42(2):163–70.
IEEE
[1]
V. Tsiouris et al., “The role of an attenuated anticoccidial vaccine on the intestinal ecosystem and on the pathogenesis of experimental necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens,” AVIAN PATHOLOGY, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 163–170, 2013.
@article{4388715,
  abstract     = {The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of an attenuated anticoccidial vaccination on the intestinal ecosystem and on the pathogenesis of experimental necrotic enteritis (NE) in broiler chickens. Two hundred and forty 1-day-old Cobb 500 broiler chickens were randomly allocated to four treatment groups according to the following experimental design: control Group N; Group PN, where birds were vaccinated with anticoccidial vaccine; Group M, where birds were challenged with Clostridium perfringens and with Eimeria maxima; and Group PM, where birds were both vaccinated and challenged. From each bird, the intestine, gizzard and liver were scored for gross NE lesions. Intestinal digesta were collected for pH and viscosity determination. Samples from the gastrointestinal tract and liver were taken for microbiological analysis. Evaluation of the experimental data revealed that Group M had significantly higher overall mean NE intestinal lesions compared with Group PM. Viscosity values of jejunum digesta as well as pH values of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum digesta in Group M were significantly lower compared with Group PM. C. perfringens counts in the caeca of Group PM were significantly lower compared with Group M. The milder decrease of pH and viscosity values of intestinal content and the reduction of C. perfringens counts in the caeca in challenged and vaccinated birds may explain the lower score of NE gross intestinal lesions and may suggest a positive effect on intestinal ecosystem and a significant protective effect of attenuated anticoccidial vaccination against NE in a subclinical experimental model.},
  author       = {Tsiouris, V and Georgopoulou, I and Batzios, C and Pappaioannou, N and Diakou, A and Petridou, E and Ducatelle, Richard and Fortomaris, P},
  issn         = {0307-9457},
  journal      = {AVIAN PATHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {LESIONS,COCCIDIOSIS,ASSOCIATION,MODEL,CLOSTRIDIUM-PERFRINGENS,VISCOSITY,POULTRY,DRUGS,CHALLENGE,INFECTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {163--170},
  title        = {The role of an attenuated anticoccidial vaccine on the intestinal ecosystem and on the pathogenesis of experimental necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03079457.2013.776161},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2013},
}

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