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Innovation in food firms: contribution of regional networks within the international business context

Xavier Gellynck (UGent) , Bert Vermeire (UGent) and Jacques Viaene (UGent)
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Abstract
This paper explores the role of regional networks in processes of innovation within an international business context. It is hypothesized that firms participating in regional networks demonstrate a stronger innovation competence. Data are drawn from a survey among food firms in the region of Meetjesland, Belgium, and reflect the relation between the firm and a number of regional characteristics. After restructuring the data through factor analysis and cluster analysis, the important role of regional networking is revealed using discriminant analysis. The analysis marks out two factors having the strongest power to discriminate between the clusters: firms are classified as having a stronger innovation competence when networking within the region, and when orienting towards the international market. Results demonstrate that internationally operating firms benefit from regional networking. Further, it is argued that regional networking is not contradictory to an international market orientation, and that firms gain innovation competence by searching for external knowledge on differrent geographical scales. As these networks have the potential to enhance the innovation competence of firms, support to regional networking is promoted as a policy tool.
Keywords
CHEESE, SYSTEMS, CREATION, GOVERNANCE, PERFORMANCE, LOCALIZATION, ENTREPRENEURSHIP, CLUSTERS, KNOWLEDGE, GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS, networks, innovation, region, internationalization

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MLA
Gellynck, Xavier, Bert Vermeire, and Jacques Viaene. “Innovation in Food Firms: Contribution of Regional Networks Within the International Business Context.” ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT 19.3 (2007): 209–226. Print.
APA
Gellynck, X., Vermeire, B., & Viaene, J. (2007). Innovation in food firms: contribution of regional networks within the international business context. ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, 19(3), 209–226.
Chicago author-date
Gellynck, Xavier, Bert Vermeire, and Jacques Viaene. 2007. “Innovation in Food Firms: Contribution of Regional Networks Within the International Business Context.” Entrepreneurship and Regional Development 19 (3): 209–226.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Gellynck, Xavier, Bert Vermeire, and Jacques Viaene. 2007. “Innovation in Food Firms: Contribution of Regional Networks Within the International Business Context.” Entrepreneurship and Regional Development 19 (3): 209–226.
Vancouver
1.
Gellynck X, Vermeire B, Viaene J. Innovation in food firms: contribution of regional networks within the international business context. ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT. 2007;19(3):209–26.
IEEE
[1]
X. Gellynck, B. Vermeire, and J. Viaene, “Innovation in food firms: contribution of regional networks within the international business context,” ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 209–226, 2007.
@article{437491,
  abstract     = {This paper explores the role of regional networks in processes of innovation within an international business context. It is hypothesized that firms participating in regional networks demonstrate a stronger innovation competence. Data are drawn from a survey among food firms in the region of Meetjesland, Belgium, and reflect the relation between the firm and a number of regional characteristics. After restructuring the data through factor analysis and cluster analysis, the important role of regional networking is revealed using discriminant analysis. The analysis marks out two factors having the strongest power to discriminate between the clusters: firms are classified as having a stronger innovation competence when networking within the region, and when orienting towards the international market. Results demonstrate that internationally operating firms benefit from regional networking. Further, it is argued that regional networking is not contradictory to an international market orientation, and that firms gain innovation competence by searching for external knowledge on differrent geographical scales. As these networks have the potential to enhance the innovation competence of firms, support to regional networking is promoted as a policy tool.},
  author       = {Gellynck, Xavier and Vermeire, Bert and Viaene, Jacques},
  issn         = {0898-5626},
  journal      = {ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT},
  keywords     = {CHEESE,SYSTEMS,CREATION,GOVERNANCE,PERFORMANCE,LOCALIZATION,ENTREPRENEURSHIP,CLUSTERS,KNOWLEDGE,GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS,networks,innovation,region,internationalization},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {209--226},
  title        = {Innovation in food firms: contribution of regional networks within the international business context},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08985620701218395},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2007},
}

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