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Urban socio-technical innovations with and by citizens

Bastiaan Baccarne (UGent) , Peter Mechant (UGent) , Dimitri Schuurman (UGent) , Pieter Colpaert (UGent) and Lieven De Marez (UGent)
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Abstract
This article investigates bottom-up socio-technical innovations with and by citizen developers in an Urban living Lab, which is considered a platform for grassroots service creation in a city. In specific, the Living Lab framework is discussed as an instrumental platform within a Smart City, facilitating the governance of bottom-up innovation ‘by’ and ‘with’ citizens. The analysis is based on an in-depth case-study analysis on the use of Open Data and the ‘hackathon’ format within the Ghent Living Lab (Ghent, Belgium). The analytical framework focusses on the innovation ecosystem, urban transitions, user innovation, civic engagement, public and economic value creation and sustainability issues. Our findings explore the nature of the interactions and the outcomes of the projects. While hackathon events within an Urban Living Lab have already proven some of their potential, several opportunities remain. Especially the lack of involvement of private partners and a rather low focus on potential business models for the projects forecloses long-term sustainability and economic value creation. Central governance, focus on follow-up processes and a rigid innovation development framework are needed to overcome these challenges.
Keywords
User innovation, Socio-technical Innovations, Open Data, Urban Living Labs, Smart Cities

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Baccarne, Bastiaan, Peter Mechant, Dimitri Schuurman, Pieter Colpaert, and Lieven De Marez. 2014. “Urban Socio-technical Innovations with and by Citizens.” Interdisciplinary Studies Journal 3 (4): 143–156.
APA
Baccarne, B., Mechant, P., Schuurman, D., Colpaert, P., & De Marez, L. (2014). Urban socio-technical innovations with and by citizens. INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES JOURNAL, 3(4), 143–156.
Vancouver
1.
Baccarne B, Mechant P, Schuurman D, Colpaert P, De Marez L. Urban socio-technical innovations with and by citizens. INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES JOURNAL. 2014;3(4):143–56.
MLA
Baccarne, Bastiaan, Peter Mechant, Dimitri Schuurman, et al. “Urban Socio-technical Innovations with and by Citizens.” INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES JOURNAL 3.4 (2014): 143–156. Print.
@article{4365378,
  abstract     = {This article investigates bottom-up socio-technical innovations with and by citizen developers in an Urban living Lab, which is considered a platform for grassroots service creation in a city. In specific, the Living Lab framework is discussed as an instrumental platform within a Smart City, facilitating the governance of bottom-up innovation {\textquoteleft}by{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft}with{\textquoteright} citizens. The analysis is based on an in-depth case-study analysis on the use of Open Data and the {\textquoteleft}hackathon{\textquoteright} format within the Ghent Living Lab (Ghent, Belgium). The analytical framework focusses on the innovation ecosystem, urban transitions, user innovation, civic engagement, public and economic value creation and sustainability issues. Our findings explore the nature of the interactions and the outcomes of the projects. While hackathon events within an Urban Living Lab have already proven some of their potential, several opportunities remain. Especially the lack of involvement of private partners and a rather low focus on potential business models for the projects forecloses long-term sustainability and economic value creation. Central governance, focus on follow-up processes and a rigid innovation development framework are needed to overcome these challenges.},
  author       = {Baccarne, Bastiaan and Mechant, Peter and Schuurman, Dimitri and Colpaert, Pieter and De Marez, Lieven},
  issn         = {1799-2710},
  journal      = {INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES JOURNAL},
  keyword      = {User innovation,Socio-technical Innovations,Open Data,Urban Living Labs,Smart Cities},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {143--156},
  title        = {Urban socio-technical innovations with and by citizens},
  url          = {http://www.laurea.fi/en/isj/latest\_issue/Documents/ISJ\_vol\%203\_no\%204\_web\_Smart\%20Cities.pdf},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2014},
}