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A history of abuse and operative delivery : results from a European multi-country cohort study

(2014) PLOS ONE. 9(1).
Author
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Abstract
Objective: The main aim of this study was to assess whether a history of abuse, reported during pregnancy, was associated with an operative delivery. Secondly, we assessed if the association varied according to the type of abuse and if the reported abuse had been experienced as a child or an adult. Design: The Bidens study, a cohort study in six European countries (Belgium, Iceland, Denmark, Estonia, Norway, and Sweden) recruited 6724 pregnant women attending routine antenatal care. History of abuse was assessed through questionnaire and linked to obstetric information from hospital records. The main outcome measure was operative delivery as a dichotomous variable, and categorized as an elective caesarean section (CS), or an operative vaginal birth, or an emergency CS. Non-obstetrically indicated were CSs performed on request or for psychological reasons without another medical reason. Binary and multinomial regression analysis were used to assess the associations. Results: Among 3308 primiparous women, sexual abuse as an adult (>= 18 years) increased the risk of an elective CS, Adjusted Odds Ratio 2.12 (1.28-3.49), and the likelihood for a non-obstetrically indicated CS, OR 3.74 (1.24-11.24). Women expressing current suffering from the reported adult sexual abuse had the highest risk for an elective CS, AOR 4.07 (1.46-11.3). Neither physical abuse (in adulthood or childhood <18 years), nor sexual abuse in childhood increased the risk of any operative delivery among primiparous women. Among 3416 multiparous women, neither sexual, nor emotional abuse was significantly associated with any kind of operative delivery, while physical abuse had an increased AOR for emergency CS of 1.51 (1.05-2.19). Conclusion: Sexual abuse as an adult increases the risk of an elective CS among women with no prior birth experience, in particular for non-obstetrical reasons. Among multiparous women, a history of physical abuse increases the risk of an emergency CS.
Keywords
CHILDHOOD SEXUAL-ABUSE, INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE, PRIMIPAROUS WOMEN, CESAREAN-SECTION, HEALTH-CARE, PREGNANCY, CHILDBIRTH, RISK, FEAR, QUESTIONNAIRE

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MLA
Schei, Berit et al. “A History of Abuse and Operative Delivery : Results from a European Multi-country Cohort Study.” PLOS ONE 9.1 (2014): n. pag. Print.
APA
Schei, B., Lukasse, M., Ryding, E. L., Campbell, J., Karro, H., Kristjansdottir, H., Laanpere, M., et al. (2014). A history of abuse and operative delivery : results from a European multi-country cohort study. PLOS ONE, 9(1).
Chicago author-date
Schei, Berit, Mirjam Lukasse, Elsa Lena Ryding, Jacquelyn Campbell, Helle Karro, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Made Laanpere, et al. 2014. “A History of Abuse and Operative Delivery : Results from a European Multi-country Cohort Study.” Plos One 9 (1).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Schei, Berit, Mirjam Lukasse, Elsa Lena Ryding, Jacquelyn Campbell, Helle Karro, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Made Laanpere, Anne-Mette Schroll, Ann Tabor, Marleen Temmerman, An-Sofie Van Parys, Anne-Marie Wangel, and Thora Steingrimsdottir. 2014. “A History of Abuse and Operative Delivery : Results from a European Multi-country Cohort Study.” Plos One 9 (1).
Vancouver
1.
Schei B, Lukasse M, Ryding EL, Campbell J, Karro H, Kristjansdottir H, et al. A history of abuse and operative delivery : results from a European multi-country cohort study. PLOS ONE. 2014;9(1).
IEEE
[1]
B. Schei et al., “A history of abuse and operative delivery : results from a European multi-country cohort study,” PLOS ONE, vol. 9, no. 1, 2014.
@article{4358759,
  abstract     = {Objective: The main aim of this study was to assess whether a history of abuse, reported during pregnancy, was associated with an operative delivery. Secondly, we assessed if the association varied according to the type of abuse and if the reported abuse had been experienced as a child or an adult.
Design: The Bidens study, a cohort study in six European countries (Belgium, Iceland, Denmark, Estonia, Norway, and Sweden) recruited 6724 pregnant women attending routine antenatal care. History of abuse was assessed through questionnaire and linked to obstetric information from hospital records. The main outcome measure was operative delivery as a dichotomous variable, and categorized as an elective caesarean section (CS), or an operative vaginal birth, or an emergency CS. Non-obstetrically indicated were CSs performed on request or for psychological reasons without another medical reason. Binary and multinomial regression analysis were used to assess the associations.
Results: Among 3308 primiparous women, sexual abuse as an adult (>= 18 years) increased the risk of an elective CS, Adjusted Odds Ratio 2.12 (1.28-3.49), and the likelihood for a non-obstetrically indicated CS, OR 3.74 (1.24-11.24). Women expressing current suffering from the reported adult sexual abuse had the highest risk for an elective CS, AOR 4.07 (1.46-11.3). Neither physical abuse (in adulthood or childhood <18 years), nor sexual abuse in childhood increased the risk of any operative delivery among primiparous women. Among 3416 multiparous women, neither sexual, nor emotional abuse was significantly associated with any kind of operative delivery, while physical abuse had an increased AOR for emergency CS of 1.51 (1.05-2.19).
Conclusion: Sexual abuse as an adult increases the risk of an elective CS among women with no prior birth experience, in particular for non-obstetrical reasons. Among multiparous women, a history of physical abuse increases the risk of an emergency CS.},
  articleno    = {e87579},
  author       = {Schei, Berit and Lukasse, Mirjam and Ryding, Elsa Lena and Campbell, Jacquelyn and Karro, Helle and Kristjansdottir, Hildur and Laanpere, Made and Schroll, Anne-Mette and Tabor, Ann and Temmerman, Marleen and Van Parys, An-Sofie and Wangel, Anne-Marie and Steingrimsdottir, Thora},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keywords     = {CHILDHOOD SEXUAL-ABUSE,INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE,PRIMIPAROUS WOMEN,CESAREAN-SECTION,HEALTH-CARE,PREGNANCY,CHILDBIRTH,RISK,FEAR,QUESTIONNAIRE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {10},
  title        = {A history of abuse and operative delivery : results from a European multi-country cohort study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087579},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2014},
}

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