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Offset-control attenuates context conditioning induced by US-unpredictability in a human conditioned suppression paradigm

(2013) PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA. 53(1). p.39-56
Author
Organization
Abstract
We investigated whether offset-control of the unconditioned stimulus (US) reduces context conditioning induced by US-unpredictability within a human conditioned suppression preparation. We also examined lack of control vs. loss of control. Three groups (No Controllability, NC; Controllability, C; Loss of Controllability, LC) received unsignaled USs during two learning phases (ACQ 1-2). The NC group, never had offset-control, whereas the C group, always had offset-control. The LC group, had offset-control during ACQ I, but not during ACQ2. Results indicated that US-unpredictability led to contextual conditioned suppression during ACQ I, only when participants did not have offset-control; when they did, no context conditioning was established. From ACQ 1 to ACQ2, contextual conditioned suppression increased in the LC group, but it was not more pronounced than in the NC group. These data suggest that offset-control attenuates context conditioning induced by US-unpredictability and - at least in this paradigm - loss of control is not worse than lack of control.
Keywords
PREFERENCE, ADMINISTRATIONS, EXTINCTION, LEARNED HELPLESSNESS, PANIC DISORDER, FEAR, ANXIETY, SHOCK, ILLUSION, DIOXIDE-ENRICHED AIR

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Meulders, Ann, Jelle Mampaey, Yannick Boddez, et al. “Offset-control Attenuates Context Conditioning Induced by US-unpredictability in a Human Conditioned Suppression Paradigm.” PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA 53.1 (2013): 39–56. Print.
APA
Meulders, Ann, Mampaey, J., Boddez, Y., Blanco, F., Vansteenwegen, D., & Baeyens, F. (2013). Offset-control attenuates context conditioning induced by US-unpredictability in a human conditioned suppression paradigm. PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA, 53(1), 39–56.
Chicago author-date
Meulders, Ann, Jelle Mampaey, Yannick Boddez, Fernando Blanco, Debora Vansteenwegen, and Frank Baeyens. 2013. “Offset-control Attenuates Context Conditioning Induced by US-unpredictability in a Human Conditioned Suppression Paradigm.” Psychologica Belgica 53 (1): 39–56.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Meulders, Ann, Jelle Mampaey, Yannick Boddez, Fernando Blanco, Debora Vansteenwegen, and Frank Baeyens. 2013. “Offset-control Attenuates Context Conditioning Induced by US-unpredictability in a Human Conditioned Suppression Paradigm.” Psychologica Belgica 53 (1): 39–56.
Vancouver
1.
Meulders A, Mampaey J, Boddez Y, Blanco F, Vansteenwegen D, Baeyens F. Offset-control attenuates context conditioning induced by US-unpredictability in a human conditioned suppression paradigm. PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA. 2013;53(1):39–56.
IEEE
[1]
A. Meulders, J. Mampaey, Y. Boddez, F. Blanco, D. Vansteenwegen, and F. Baeyens, “Offset-control attenuates context conditioning induced by US-unpredictability in a human conditioned suppression paradigm,” PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 39–56, 2013.
@article{4352670,
  abstract     = {We investigated whether offset-control of the unconditioned stimulus (US) reduces context conditioning induced by US-unpredictability within a human conditioned suppression preparation. We also examined lack of control vs. loss of control. Three groups (No Controllability, NC; Controllability, C; Loss of Controllability, LC) received unsignaled USs during two learning phases (ACQ 1-2). The NC group, never had offset-control, whereas the C group, always had offset-control. The LC group, had offset-control during ACQ I, but not during ACQ2. Results indicated that US-unpredictability led to contextual conditioned suppression during ACQ I, only when participants did not have offset-control; when they did, no context conditioning was established. From ACQ 1 to ACQ2, contextual conditioned suppression increased in the LC group, but it was not more pronounced than in the NC group. These data suggest that offset-control attenuates context conditioning induced by US-unpredictability and - at least in this paradigm - loss of control is not worse than lack of control.},
  author       = {Meulders, Ann and Mampaey, Jelle and Boddez, Yannick and Blanco, Fernando and Vansteenwegen, Debora  and Baeyens, Frank },
  issn         = {2054-670X},
  journal      = {PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA},
  keywords     = {PREFERENCE,ADMINISTRATIONS,EXTINCTION,LEARNED HELPLESSNESS,PANIC DISORDER,FEAR,ANXIETY,SHOCK,ILLUSION,DIOXIDE-ENRICHED AIR},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {39--56},
  title        = {Offset-control attenuates context conditioning induced by US-unpredictability in a human conditioned suppression paradigm},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2013},
}

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