Advanced search
1 file | 319.47 KB Add to list
Author
Organization
Abstract
Background: International travel plays a role in the spread of HIV-1 across Europe. It is, however, not known whether international travel is more important for spread of the epidemic as compared to endogenous infections within single countries. In this study, phylogenetic associations among HIV of newly diagnosed patients were determined across Europe. Results: Data came from the SPREAD programme which collects samples of newly diagnosed patients that are representative for national HIV epidemics. 4260 pol sequences from 25 European countries and Israel collected in 2002-2007 were included. We identified 457 clusters including 1330 persons (31.2% of all patients). The cluster size ranged between 2 and 28. A number of 987 patients (74.2%) were part of a cluster that consisted only of patients originating from the same country. In addition, 135 patients (10.2%) were in a cluster including only individuals from neighboring countries. Finally, 208 patients (15.6%) clustered with individuals from countries without a common border. Clustering with patients from the same country was less prevalent in patients being infected with B subtype (P-value <0.0001), in men who have sex with men (P-value <0.0001), and in recently infected patients (P-value =0.045). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that the transmission of HIV-1 in Europe is predominantly occurring between patients from the same country. This could have implications for HIV-1 transmission prevention programmes. Because infections through travelling between countries is not frequently observed it is important to have good surveillance of the national HIV-1 epidemics.
Keywords
Clusters, Transmission, IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS TYPE-1, DRUG-RESISTANT HIV-1, SUBTYPE B, MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY, TRANSMISSION, SWITZERLAND, EMERGENCE, Europe, HIV-1

Downloads

  • limited cross-border.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 319.47 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Frentz, Dineke et al. “Limited Cross-border Infections in Patients Newly Diagnosed with HIV in Europe.” RETROVIROLOGY 10 (2013): n. pag. Print.
APA
Frentz, D., Wensing, A. M., Albert, J., Paraskevis, D., Abecasis, A. B., Hamouda, O., Jørgensen, L. B., et al. (2013). Limited cross-border infections in patients newly diagnosed with HIV in Europe. RETROVIROLOGY, 10.
Chicago author-date
Frentz, Dineke, Annemarie MJ Wensing, Jan Albert, Dimitrios Paraskevis, Ana B Abecasis, Osamah Hamouda, Louise B Jørgensen, et al. 2013. “Limited Cross-border Infections in Patients Newly Diagnosed with HIV in Europe.” Retrovirology 10.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Frentz, Dineke, Annemarie MJ Wensing, Jan Albert, Dimitrios Paraskevis, Ana B Abecasis, Osamah Hamouda, Louise B Jørgensen, Claudia Kücherer, Daniel Struck, Jean-Claude Schmit, Birgitta Åsjö, Claudia Balotta, Danail Beshkov, Ricardo J Camacho, Bonaventura Clotet, Suzie Coughlan, Stephane De Wit, Algirdas Griskevicius, Zehava Grossman, Andrzej Horban, Tatjana Kolupajeva, Klaus Korn, Leondios G Kostrikis, Kirsi Liitsola, Marek Linka, Claus Nielsen, Dan Otelea, Roger Paredes, Mario Poljak, Elisabeth Puchhammer-Stöckl, Anders Sönnerborg, Danica Stanekova, Maja Stanojevic, Anne-Mieke Vandamme, Charles AB Boucher, David AMC Van de Vijver, the SPREAD Programme, and Linos Vandekerckhove. 2013. “Limited Cross-border Infections in Patients Newly Diagnosed with HIV in Europe.” Retrovirology 10.
Vancouver
1.
Frentz D, Wensing AM, Albert J, Paraskevis D, Abecasis AB, Hamouda O, et al. Limited cross-border infections in patients newly diagnosed with HIV in Europe. RETROVIROLOGY. 2013;10.
IEEE
[1]
D. Frentz et al., “Limited cross-border infections in patients newly diagnosed with HIV in Europe,” RETROVIROLOGY, vol. 10, 2013.
@article{4351934,
  abstract     = {Background: International travel plays a role in the spread of HIV-1 across Europe. It is, however, not known whether international travel is more important for spread of the epidemic as compared to endogenous infections within single countries. In this study, phylogenetic associations among HIV of newly diagnosed patients were determined across Europe.
Results: Data came from the SPREAD programme which collects samples of newly diagnosed patients that are representative for national HIV epidemics. 4260 pol sequences from 25 European countries and Israel collected in 2002-2007 were included. We identified 457 clusters including 1330 persons (31.2% of all patients). The cluster size ranged between 2 and 28. A number of 987 patients (74.2%) were part of a cluster that consisted only of patients originating from the same country. In addition, 135 patients (10.2%) were in a cluster including only individuals from neighboring countries. Finally, 208 patients (15.6%) clustered with individuals from countries without a common border. Clustering with patients from the same country was less prevalent in patients being infected with B subtype (P-value <0.0001), in men who have sex with men (P-value <0.0001), and in recently infected patients (P-value =0.045).
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that the transmission of HIV-1 in Europe is predominantly occurring between patients from the same country. This could have implications for HIV-1 transmission prevention programmes. Because infections through travelling between countries is not frequently observed it is important to have good surveillance of the national HIV-1 epidemics.},
  articleno    = {36},
  author       = {Frentz, Dineke and Wensing, Annemarie MJ and Albert, Jan and Paraskevis, Dimitrios and Abecasis, Ana B and Hamouda, Osamah and Jørgensen, Louise B and Kücherer, Claudia and Struck, Daniel and Schmit, Jean-Claude and Åsjö, Birgitta and Balotta, Claudia and Beshkov, Danail and Camacho, Ricardo J and Clotet, Bonaventura and Coughlan, Suzie and De Wit, Stephane and Griskevicius, Algirdas and Grossman, Zehava and Horban, Andrzej and Kolupajeva, Tatjana and Korn, Klaus and Kostrikis, Leondios G and Liitsola, Kirsi and Linka, Marek and Nielsen, Claus and Otelea, Dan and Paredes, Roger and Poljak, Mario and Puchhammer-Stöckl, Elisabeth and Sönnerborg, Anders and Stanekova, Danica and Stanojevic, Maja and Vandamme, Anne-Mieke and Boucher, Charles AB and Van de Vijver, David AMC and SPREAD Programme, the and Vandekerckhove, Linos},
  issn         = {1742-4690},
  journal      = {RETROVIROLOGY},
  keywords     = {Clusters,Transmission,IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS TYPE-1,DRUG-RESISTANT HIV-1,SUBTYPE B,MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY,TRANSMISSION,SWITZERLAND,EMERGENCE,Europe,HIV-1},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {10},
  title        = {Limited cross-border infections in patients newly diagnosed with HIV in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-10-36},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2013},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: