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Changing your mind before it is too late: the electrophysiological correlates of online error correction during response selection

(2014) PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY. 51(8). p.746-760
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The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
Abstract
Inhibiting actions when they are no longer appropriate is essential for adaptive goal-directed behavior. In this study, we used high-density EEG and a standard flanker task to explore the spatiotemporal dynamics of cognitive control and inhibitory mechanisms aimed to prevent the commission of errors. By recording hand-related electromyographic activity, we could disentangle successful from unsuccessful inhibition attempts. Our results confirm that (a) the latency of the error-related negativity (ERN; or Ne) component is too late to be associated with these online inhibitory mechanisms, and (b) instead, a frontal slow negative component with an earlier time course was associated with the implementation of online inhibition. These findings are consistent with single-cell recordings in monkeys showing that the supplementary motor area provides cognitive control signals to the primary motor cortex to exert online inhibition and in turn rectify the course of erroneous actions.
Keywords
Electromyography, Electroencephalography, Inhibition, Motor cortex, Executive control, NEURAL SYSTEM, MAGNETIC STIMULATION, EXECUTIVE CONTROL, COGNITIVE CONTROL, STOP-SIGNAL TASK, CHOICE-REACTION TIME, SURFACE LAPLACIAN ESTIMATION, MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX, ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX, SUPPLEMENTARY MOTOR AREA

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Roger, C, Elena Patricia Nunez Castellar, Gilles Pourtois, and Wim Fias. 2014. “Changing Your Mind Before It Is Too Late: The Electrophysiological Correlates of Online Error Correction During Response Selection.” Psychophysiology 51 (8): 746–760.
APA
Roger, C., Nunez Castellar, E. P., Pourtois, G., & Fias, W. (2014). Changing your mind before it is too late: the electrophysiological correlates of online error correction during response selection. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, 51(8), 746–760.
Vancouver
1.
Roger C, Nunez Castellar EP, Pourtois G, Fias W. Changing your mind before it is too late: the electrophysiological correlates of online error correction during response selection. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY. 2014;51(8):746–60.
MLA
Roger, C et al. “Changing Your Mind Before It Is Too Late: The Electrophysiological Correlates of Online Error Correction During Response Selection.” PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY 51.8 (2014): 746–760. Print.
@article{4345555,
  abstract     = {Inhibiting actions when they are no longer appropriate is essential for adaptive goal-directed behavior. In this study, we used high-density EEG and a standard flanker task to explore the spatiotemporal dynamics of cognitive control and inhibitory mechanisms aimed to prevent the commission of errors. By recording hand-related electromyographic activity, we could disentangle successful from unsuccessful inhibition attempts. Our results confirm that (a) the latency of the error-related negativity (ERN; or Ne) component is too late to be associated with these online inhibitory mechanisms, and (b) instead, a frontal slow negative component with an earlier time course was associated with the implementation of online inhibition. These findings are consistent with single-cell recordings in monkeys showing that the supplementary motor area provides cognitive control signals to the primary motor cortex to exert online inhibition and in turn rectify the course of erroneous actions.},
  author       = {Roger, C and Nunez Castellar, Elena Patricia and Pourtois, Gilles and Fias, Wim},
  issn         = {0048-5772},
  journal      = {PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY},
  keywords     = {Electromyography,Electroencephalography,Inhibition,Motor cortex,Executive control,NEURAL SYSTEM,MAGNETIC STIMULATION,EXECUTIVE CONTROL,COGNITIVE CONTROL,STOP-SIGNAL TASK,CHOICE-REACTION TIME,SURFACE LAPLACIAN ESTIMATION,MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX,ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX,SUPPLEMENTARY MOTOR AREA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {746--760},
  title        = {Changing your mind before it is too late: the electrophysiological correlates of online error correction during response selection},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12224},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2014},
}

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