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A prospective cohort study on the impact of smoking on soft tissue alterations around single implants

Stefanie Raes (UGent) , Antonio Rocci, Filiep Raes (UGent) , Lyndon Cooper, Hugo De Bruyn (UGent) and Jan Cosyn (UGent)
(2015) CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH. 26(9). p.1086-1090
Author
Organization
Abstract
Objectives: To compare smokers to non-smokers in terms of soft tissue alterations following single implant treatment in healed bone. Material and methods: Non-smoking and smoking patients with sufficient bone volume in need of a single implant in the anterior maxilla (15-25) were consecutively recruited in 3 centres. Conventional single implant surgery was performed and an immediate provisional crown was installed. Eight to 12 weeks later, the latter was replaced by a permanent one (baseline). Papilla regrowth and midfacial recession was registered after 2 years of function. Results: The sample consisted of 39 non-smokers (21 females; mean age 42) and 46 smokers (22 females; mean age 45). Smokers had 3 early failures whereas all implants integrated successfully in non-smokers. Statistically significant papilla regrowth was observed in non-smokers (mesial 0.63 mm, distal 0.75 mm), whereas smokers showed stable papillae (between cohorts: p ≤ 0.025). Midfacial soft tissue level demonstrated statistically significant overgrowth in non-smokers (0.53 mm), whereas it remained stable in smokers (between cohorts: p = 0.004). Conclusion: Smokers failed to demonstrate papilla regeneration and showed more midfacial recession following single implant treatment when compared to non-smokers.
Keywords
dental implant, Prospective study, single tooth, soft tissues, smoking, GINGIVAL RECESSION, CLINICAL-OUTCOMES, ANTERIOR MAXILLA, RISK INDICATORS, COMPLICATIONS, EPIDEMIOLOGY, METAANALYSIS, POPULATION, IMMEDIATE, SURVIVAL

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MLA
Raes, Stefanie et al. “A Prospective Cohort Study on the Impact of Smoking on Soft Tissue Alterations Around Single Implants.” CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH 26.9 (2015): 1086–1090. Print.
APA
Raes, Stefanie, Rocci, A., Raes, F., Cooper, L., De Bruyn, H., & Cosyn, J. (2015). A prospective cohort study on the impact of smoking on soft tissue alterations around single implants. CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH, 26(9), 1086–1090.
Chicago author-date
Raes, Stefanie, Antonio Rocci, Filiep Raes, Lyndon Cooper, Hugo De Bruyn, and Jan Cosyn. 2015. “A Prospective Cohort Study on the Impact of Smoking on Soft Tissue Alterations Around Single Implants.” Clinical Oral Implants Research 26 (9): 1086–1090.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Raes, Stefanie, Antonio Rocci, Filiep Raes, Lyndon Cooper, Hugo De Bruyn, and Jan Cosyn. 2015. “A Prospective Cohort Study on the Impact of Smoking on Soft Tissue Alterations Around Single Implants.” Clinical Oral Implants Research 26 (9): 1086–1090.
Vancouver
1.
Raes S, Rocci A, Raes F, Cooper L, De Bruyn H, Cosyn J. A prospective cohort study on the impact of smoking on soft tissue alterations around single implants. CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH. 2015;26(9):1086–90.
IEEE
[1]
S. Raes, A. Rocci, F. Raes, L. Cooper, H. De Bruyn, and J. Cosyn, “A prospective cohort study on the impact of smoking on soft tissue alterations around single implants,” CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1086–1090, 2015.
@article{4344285,
  abstract     = {Objectives: To compare smokers to non-smokers in terms of soft tissue alterations following single implant treatment in healed bone.
Material and methods: Non-smoking and smoking patients with sufficient bone volume in need of a single implant in the anterior maxilla (15-25) were consecutively recruited in 3 centres. Conventional single implant surgery was performed and an immediate provisional crown was installed. Eight to 12 weeks later, the latter was replaced by a permanent one (baseline). Papilla regrowth and midfacial recession was registered after 2 years of function.
Results: The sample consisted of 39 non-smokers (21 females; mean age 42) and 46 smokers (22 females; mean age 45). Smokers had 3 early failures whereas all implants integrated successfully in non-smokers. Statistically significant papilla regrowth was observed in non-smokers (mesial 0.63 mm, distal 0.75 mm), whereas smokers showed stable papillae (between cohorts: p ≤ 0.025). Midfacial soft tissue level demonstrated statistically significant overgrowth in non-smokers (0.53 mm), whereas it remained stable in smokers (between cohorts: p = 0.004).
Conclusion: Smokers failed to demonstrate papilla regeneration and showed more midfacial recession following single implant treatment when compared to non-smokers.},
  author       = {Raes, Stefanie and Rocci, Antonio and Raes, Filiep and Cooper, Lyndon and De Bruyn, Hugo and Cosyn, Jan},
  issn         = {0905-7161},
  journal      = {CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH},
  keywords     = {dental implant,Prospective study,single tooth,soft tissues,smoking,GINGIVAL RECESSION,CLINICAL-OUTCOMES,ANTERIOR MAXILLA,RISK INDICATORS,COMPLICATIONS,EPIDEMIOLOGY,METAANALYSIS,POPULATION,IMMEDIATE,SURVIVAL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1086--1090},
  title        = {A prospective cohort study on the impact of smoking on soft tissue alterations around single implants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/clr.12405},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2015},
}

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