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A novel Medical Achievement Self-efficacy Scale (MASS): a valid and reliable tool

(2013) MEDICAL TEACHER. 35(7). p.575-580
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Abstract
In search for an instrument to measure overall curriculum impact, we developed a Medical Achievement Self-efficacy Scale (MASS) and presented it to medical students enrolled in the different years of the integrated Ghent curriculum. The research aim was to study the validity and reliability of this new scale. MASS items were constructed based on the end terms of the Ghent curriculum, as it is related to the general competency frameworks of CanMEDs and the Five-star Doctor. The scale includes at least two items for each CanMEDS competency domain. Items were examined by seven experts in view of content and face validity. This resulted in an MASS version, containing 18 items, to be rated on a five-point Likert scale. This version was piloted on 94 undergraduate medical students enrolled at the Catholic University of Leuven. The final version was presented to 1066 undergraduate medical students enrolled at Ghent University. Reliability of the MASS scale was high (alpha = 0.89). As expected, self-efficacy scores increased significantly over the years (F = 39.11, p < 0.001). In view of determining predictive validity, regression analysis was carried out to predict students' academic achievement from self-efficacy scores. As expected, MASS scores significantly predicted Maastricht Progress Test scores (F = 108.18, p < 0.001).
Keywords
TRANSITION, COMPETENCES, PERCEPTIONS, COMMUNICATION, BELIEFS, KNOWLEDGE, CURRICULUM, STUDENTS ATTITUDES, OUTCOMES, IMPACT

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MLA
Turan, Sevgi, Martin Valcke, Jan De Maeseneer, et al. “A Novel Medical Achievement Self-efficacy Scale (MASS): a Valid and Reliable Tool.” MEDICAL TEACHER 35.7 (2013): 575–580. Print.
APA
Turan, S., Valcke, M., De Maeseneer, J., Aper, L., Koole, S., De Wispelaere, C., Deketelaere, A., et al. (2013). A novel Medical Achievement Self-efficacy Scale (MASS): a valid and reliable tool. MEDICAL TEACHER, 35(7), 575–580.
Chicago author-date
Turan, Sevgi, Martin Valcke, Jan De Maeseneer, Leen Aper, Sebastiaan Koole, Christine De Wispelaere, Ann Deketelaere, and Anselme Derese. 2013. “A Novel Medical Achievement Self-efficacy Scale (MASS): a Valid and Reliable Tool.” Medical Teacher 35 (7): 575–580.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Turan, Sevgi, Martin Valcke, Jan De Maeseneer, Leen Aper, Sebastiaan Koole, Christine De Wispelaere, Ann Deketelaere, and Anselme Derese. 2013. “A Novel Medical Achievement Self-efficacy Scale (MASS): a Valid and Reliable Tool.” Medical Teacher 35 (7): 575–580.
Vancouver
1.
Turan S, Valcke M, De Maeseneer J, Aper L, Koole S, De Wispelaere C, et al. A novel Medical Achievement Self-efficacy Scale (MASS): a valid and reliable tool. MEDICAL TEACHER. 2013;35(7):575–80.
IEEE
[1]
S. Turan et al., “A novel Medical Achievement Self-efficacy Scale (MASS): a valid and reliable tool,” MEDICAL TEACHER, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 575–580, 2013.
@article{4343577,
  abstract     = {{In search for an instrument to measure overall curriculum impact, we developed a Medical Achievement Self-efficacy Scale (MASS) and presented it to medical students enrolled in the different years of the integrated Ghent curriculum. The research aim was to study the validity and reliability of this new scale. MASS items were constructed based on the end terms of the Ghent curriculum, as it is related to the general competency frameworks of CanMEDs and the Five-star Doctor. The scale includes at least two items for each CanMEDS competency domain. Items were examined by seven experts in view of content and face validity. This resulted in an MASS version, containing 18 items, to be rated on a five-point Likert scale. This version was piloted on 94 undergraduate medical students enrolled at the Catholic University of Leuven. The final version was presented to 1066 undergraduate medical students enrolled at Ghent University. Reliability of the MASS scale was high (alpha = 0.89). As expected, self-efficacy scores increased significantly over the years (F = 39.11, p < 0.001). In view of determining predictive validity, regression analysis was carried out to predict students' academic achievement from self-efficacy scores. As expected, MASS scores significantly predicted Maastricht Progress Test scores (F = 108.18, p < 0.001).}},
  author       = {{Turan, Sevgi and Valcke, Martin and De Maeseneer, Jan and Aper, Leen and Koole, Sebastiaan and De Wispelaere, Christine and Deketelaere, Ann and Derese, Anselme}},
  issn         = {{0142-159X}},
  journal      = {{MEDICAL TEACHER}},
  keywords     = {{TRANSITION,COMPETENCES,PERCEPTIONS,COMMUNICATION,BELIEFS,KNOWLEDGE,CURRICULUM,STUDENTS ATTITUDES,OUTCOMES,IMPACT}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{7}},
  pages        = {{575--580}},
  title        = {{A novel Medical Achievement Self-efficacy Scale (MASS): a valid and reliable tool}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2013.798401}},
  volume       = {{35}},
  year         = {{2013}},
}

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