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Relating changes in understorey diversity to environmental drivers in an ancient forest in northern Belgium

Margot Vanhellemont UGent, Lander Baeten UGent and Kris Verheyen UGent (2014) PLANT ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. 147(1). p.22-32
abstract
Background and aims - A renewed interest in the functional role and dynamics of forest understorey plant communities has lead to an increasing number of publications that present the results of understorey resurveys. However, studies looking at the possible causes of temporal changes in the understorey often lack data on soil and tree layer conditions for the old survey. We investigated how changes in the tree layer, soil, and understorey were related in two contrasting forest types. Methods - Full re-inventory of the tree layer (1997, 2010) and resurvey of the soil and understorey in 40 plots on a permanent grid (1993, 2011) in an ancient temperate deciduous forest. The 1.83 ha study area consisted of a part dominated by oak (Quercus robur) and beech (Fagus sylvatica) and a part dominated by ash (Fraxinus excelsior). Key results - Overall, the basal area and shade-casting ability of the tree layer had increased. In the oak-beech forest, the soil pH had decreased; below ash, the topsoil pH had increased. The understorey species richness had increased, and the change in species richness was correlated with the change in soil pH and basal area, the latter in the oak-beech forest only. The observed patterns in understorey dissimilarity were different for the dataset including or excluding the regeneration of woody species. Conclusions - The changes in soil and understorey differed between the two forest types, and there were some indications of recovery from soil acidification in the ash forest.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
resurvey, Permanent plots, soil acidity, increased shade, herb layer, forest understorey, beta diversity partitioning, turnover, nestedness, multiple-site dissimilarity, WITH-STANDARDS FOREST, DECIDUOUS FOREST, NITROGEN DEPOSITION, PLANT-COMMUNITIES, ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION, BIOTIC HOMOGENIZATION, LAYER VEGETATION, HERBACEOUS LAYER, BETA DIVERSITY, SOIL ACIDITY
journal title
PLANT ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
Plant Ecol. Evol.
volume
147
issue
1
pages
22 - 32
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000333137600003
JCR category
PLANT SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
0.986 (2014)
JCR rank
127/204 (2014)
JCR quartile
3 (2014)
ISSN
2032-3913
DOI
10.5091/plecevo.2014.921
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
4339860
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-4339860
date created
2014-03-20 08:55:25
date last changed
2017-03-02 15:11:12
@article{4339860,
  abstract     = {Background and aims - A renewed interest in the functional role and dynamics of forest understorey plant communities has lead to an increasing number of publications that present the results of understorey resurveys. However, studies looking at the possible causes of temporal changes in the understorey often lack data on soil and tree layer conditions for the old survey. We investigated how changes in the tree layer, soil, and understorey were related in two contrasting forest types. 
Methods - Full re-inventory of the tree layer (1997, 2010) and resurvey of the soil and understorey in 40 plots on a permanent grid (1993, 2011) in an ancient temperate deciduous forest. The 1.83 ha study area consisted of a part dominated by oak (Quercus robur) and beech (Fagus sylvatica) and a part dominated by ash (Fraxinus excelsior). 
Key results - Overall, the basal area and shade-casting ability of the tree layer had increased. In the oak-beech forest, the soil pH had decreased; below ash, the topsoil pH had increased. The understorey species richness had increased, and the change in species richness was correlated with the change in soil pH and basal area, the latter in the oak-beech forest only. The observed patterns in understorey dissimilarity were different for the dataset including or excluding the regeneration of woody species. 
Conclusions - The changes in soil and understorey differed between the two forest types, and there were some indications of recovery from soil acidification in the ash forest.},
  author       = {Vanhellemont, Margot and Baeten, Lander and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {2032-3913},
  journal      = {PLANT ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION},
  keyword      = {resurvey,Permanent plots,soil acidity,increased shade,herb layer,forest understorey,beta diversity partitioning,turnover,nestedness,multiple-site dissimilarity,WITH-STANDARDS FOREST,DECIDUOUS FOREST,NITROGEN DEPOSITION,PLANT-COMMUNITIES,ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION,BIOTIC HOMOGENIZATION,LAYER VEGETATION,HERBACEOUS LAYER,BETA DIVERSITY,SOIL ACIDITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {22--32},
  title        = {Relating changes in understorey diversity to environmental drivers in an ancient forest in northern Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5091/plecevo.2014.921},
  volume       = {147},
  year         = {2014},
}

Chicago
Vanhellemont, Margot, Lander Baeten, and Kris Verheyen. 2014. “Relating Changes in Understorey Diversity to Environmental Drivers in an Ancient Forest in Northern Belgium.” Plant Ecology and Evolution 147 (1): 22–32.
APA
Vanhellemont, M., Baeten, L., & Verheyen, K. (2014). Relating changes in understorey diversity to environmental drivers in an ancient forest in northern Belgium. PLANT ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 147(1), 22–32.
Vancouver
1.
Vanhellemont M, Baeten L, Verheyen K. Relating changes in understorey diversity to environmental drivers in an ancient forest in northern Belgium. PLANT ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. 2014;147(1):22–32.
MLA
Vanhellemont, Margot, Lander Baeten, and Kris Verheyen. “Relating Changes in Understorey Diversity to Environmental Drivers in an Ancient Forest in Northern Belgium.” PLANT ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION 147.1 (2014): 22–32. Print.