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Trace element distribution in selected edible tissues of zebu (Bos indicus) cattle slaughtered at Jimma, SW Ethiopia

(2014) PLOS ONE. 9(1).
Author
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Abstract
The amount of trace elements present in edible bovine tissues is of importance for both animal health and human nutrition. This study presents data on trace element concentrations in semitendinosus and cardiac muscles, livers and kidneys of 60 zebu (Bos indicus) bulls, sampled at Jimma, Ethiopia. From 28 of these bulls, blood samples were also obtained. Deficient levels of copper were found in plasma, livers, kidneys and semitendinosus muscles. Suboptimal selenium concentrations were found in plasma and semitendinosus muscles. Semitendinosus muscles contained high iron concentrations. Trace elements were mainly stored in the liver, except for iron and selenium. Cardiac muscles generally contained higher concentrations of trace elements than semitendinous muscles except for zinc. A strong association was found between liver and kidney concentrations of copper, iron, cobalt and molybdenum. Liver storage was well correlated with storage in semitendinosus muscle for selenium and with cardiac muscle for cobalt and selenium. Plasma concentrations of copper, selenium, cobalt were well related with their respective liver concentrations and for cobalt and selenium, also with cardiac muscle concentrations. The data suggest multiple trace element deficiencies in zebu cattle in South-West Ethiopia, with lowered tissue concentrations as a consequence. Based on the comparison of our data with other literature, trace element concentrations in selected edible tissues of Bos indicus seem quite similar to those in Bos taurus. However, tissue threshold values for deficiency in Bos taurus cattle need to be refined and their applicability for Bos indicus cattle needs to be evaluated.
Keywords
SW ETHIOPIA, MINERAL STATUS, :DISTRICTS SURROUNDING KARATINA, COPPER STATUS, SHEEP LIVER, MEAT, MUSCLE, GRASS, ZINC, SELENIUM

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MLA
Dermauw, Veronique, et al. “Trace Element Distribution in Selected Edible Tissues of Zebu (Bos Indicus) Cattle Slaughtered at Jimma, SW Ethiopia.” PLOS ONE, vol. 9, no. 1, 2014.
APA
Dermauw, V., Lopéz Alonso, M., Duchateau, L., Du Laing, G., Fulasa, T. T., Dierenfeld, E., … Janssens, G. (2014). Trace element distribution in selected edible tissues of zebu (Bos indicus) cattle slaughtered at Jimma, SW Ethiopia. PLOS ONE, 9(1).
Chicago author-date
Dermauw, Veronique, Marta Lopéz Alonso, Luc Duchateau, Gijs Du Laing, Tadele Tolosa Fulasa, Ellen Dierenfeld, Marcus Clauss, and Geert Janssens. 2014. “Trace Element Distribution in Selected Edible Tissues of Zebu (Bos Indicus) Cattle Slaughtered at Jimma, SW Ethiopia.” PLOS ONE 9 (1).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dermauw, Veronique, Marta Lopéz Alonso, Luc Duchateau, Gijs Du Laing, Tadele Tolosa Fulasa, Ellen Dierenfeld, Marcus Clauss, and Geert Janssens. 2014. “Trace Element Distribution in Selected Edible Tissues of Zebu (Bos Indicus) Cattle Slaughtered at Jimma, SW Ethiopia.” PLOS ONE 9 (1).
Vancouver
1.
Dermauw V, Lopéz Alonso M, Duchateau L, Du Laing G, Fulasa TT, Dierenfeld E, et al. Trace element distribution in selected edible tissues of zebu (Bos indicus) cattle slaughtered at Jimma, SW Ethiopia. PLOS ONE. 2014;9(1).
IEEE
[1]
V. Dermauw et al., “Trace element distribution in selected edible tissues of zebu (Bos indicus) cattle slaughtered at Jimma, SW Ethiopia,” PLOS ONE, vol. 9, no. 1, 2014.
@article{4339195,
  abstract     = {{The amount of trace elements present in edible bovine tissues is of importance for both animal health and human nutrition. This study presents data on trace element concentrations in semitendinosus and cardiac muscles, livers and kidneys of 60 zebu (Bos indicus) bulls, sampled at Jimma, Ethiopia. From 28 of these bulls, blood samples were also obtained. Deficient levels of copper were found in plasma, livers, kidneys and semitendinosus muscles. Suboptimal selenium concentrations were found in plasma and semitendinosus muscles. Semitendinosus muscles contained high iron concentrations. Trace elements were mainly stored in the liver, except for iron and selenium. Cardiac muscles generally contained higher concentrations of trace elements than semitendinous muscles except for zinc. A strong association was found between liver and kidney concentrations of copper, iron, cobalt and molybdenum. Liver storage was well correlated with storage in semitendinosus muscle for selenium and with cardiac muscle for cobalt and selenium. Plasma concentrations of copper, selenium, cobalt were well related with their respective liver concentrations and for cobalt and selenium, also with cardiac muscle concentrations. The data suggest multiple trace element deficiencies in zebu cattle in South-West Ethiopia, with lowered tissue concentrations as a consequence. Based on the comparison of our data with other literature, trace element concentrations in selected edible tissues of Bos indicus seem quite similar to those in Bos taurus. However, tissue threshold values for deficiency in Bos taurus cattle need to be refined and their applicability for Bos indicus cattle needs to be evaluated.}},
  articleno    = {{e85300}},
  author       = {{Dermauw, Veronique and Lopéz Alonso, Marta and Duchateau, Luc and Du Laing, Gijs and Fulasa, Tadele Tolosa and Dierenfeld, Ellen and Clauss, Marcus and Janssens, Geert}},
  issn         = {{1932-6203}},
  journal      = {{PLOS ONE}},
  keywords     = {{SW ETHIOPIA,MINERAL STATUS,:DISTRICTS SURROUNDING KARATINA,COPPER STATUS,SHEEP LIVER,MEAT,MUSCLE,GRASS,ZINC,SELENIUM}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{8}},
  title        = {{Trace element distribution in selected edible tissues of zebu (Bos indicus) cattle slaughtered at Jimma, SW Ethiopia}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085300}},
  volume       = {{9}},
  year         = {{2014}},
}

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