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Community structure and microhabitat preferences of harpacticoid copepods in a tropical reef lagoon (Zanzibar Island, Tanzania)

Hendrik Gheerardyn (UGent) , Marleen De Troch (UGent) , SGM Ndaro, Maarten Raes (UGent) , Magda Vincx (UGent) and Ann Vanreusel (UGent)
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Abstract
Three microhabitat types (dead coral fragments, coral gravel and coral sand) were distinguished and sampled at two locations (Matemwe and Makunduchi) in a tropical lagoon (Zanzibar Island, Tanzania), and the community structure, habitat preferences and biodiversity of the associated harpacticoid copepod fauna was investigated. The harpacticoid fauna is affected by sediment granulometry and by the structural differences between coral and both gravel and sediment. The coral fragments contained a specific assemblage composed of typical 'phytal' taxa (Tisbe, Paradactylopodia and Dactylopusia) along with other eurytopic and sediment-dwelling forms (Ameira, Ectinosoma and Amphiascus), which may be attracted by the sediment retained between the coral branches. The assemblages of coral gravel and upper sediment layer did not differ significantly from each other and had mostly the same dominant genera. The sediment from Matemwe was dominated by the interstitial Paramesochridae and the sediment from Makunduchi by Tetragonicipitidae. The coral fragments from Makunduchi sustained a more diverse assemblage than gravel and the different sediment layers. It was assumed that coral form and complexity, with implications for habitable space, nutritional resources and level of predation, are important in structuring diversity of the associated assemblage.

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MLA
Gheerardyn, Hendrik et al. “Community Structure and Microhabitat Preferences of Harpacticoid Copepods in a Tropical Reef Lagoon (Zanzibar Island, Tanzania).” JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM 88.4 (2008): 747–758. Print.
APA
Gheerardyn, H., De Troch, M., Ndaro, S., Raes, M., Vincx, M., & Vanreusel, A. (2008). Community structure and microhabitat preferences of harpacticoid copepods in a tropical reef lagoon (Zanzibar Island, Tanzania). JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, 88(4), 747–758.
Chicago author-date
Gheerardyn, Hendrik, Marleen De Troch, SGM Ndaro, Maarten Raes, Magda Vincx, and Ann Vanreusel. 2008. “Community Structure and Microhabitat Preferences of Harpacticoid Copepods in a Tropical Reef Lagoon (Zanzibar Island, Tanzania).” Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 88 (4): 747–758.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Gheerardyn, Hendrik, Marleen De Troch, SGM Ndaro, Maarten Raes, Magda Vincx, and Ann Vanreusel. 2008. “Community Structure and Microhabitat Preferences of Harpacticoid Copepods in a Tropical Reef Lagoon (Zanzibar Island, Tanzania).” Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 88 (4): 747–758.
Vancouver
1.
Gheerardyn H, De Troch M, Ndaro S, Raes M, Vincx M, Vanreusel A. Community structure and microhabitat preferences of harpacticoid copepods in a tropical reef lagoon (Zanzibar Island, Tanzania). JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM. 2008;88(4):747–58.
IEEE
[1]
H. Gheerardyn, M. De Troch, S. Ndaro, M. Raes, M. Vincx, and A. Vanreusel, “Community structure and microhabitat preferences of harpacticoid copepods in a tropical reef lagoon (Zanzibar Island, Tanzania),” JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 747–758, 2008.
@article{433803,
  abstract     = {{Three microhabitat types (dead coral fragments, coral gravel and coral sand) were distinguished and sampled at two locations (Matemwe and Makunduchi) in a tropical lagoon (Zanzibar Island, Tanzania), and the community structure, habitat preferences and biodiversity of the associated harpacticoid copepod fauna was investigated. The harpacticoid fauna is affected by sediment granulometry and by the structural differences between coral and both gravel and sediment. The coral fragments contained a specific assemblage composed of typical 'phytal' taxa (Tisbe, Paradactylopodia and Dactylopusia) along with other eurytopic and sediment-dwelling forms (Ameira, Ectinosoma and Amphiascus), which may be attracted by the sediment retained between the coral branches. The assemblages of coral gravel and upper sediment layer did not differ significantly from each other and had mostly the same dominant genera. The sediment from Matemwe was dominated by the interstitial Paramesochridae and the sediment from Makunduchi by Tetragonicipitidae. The coral fragments from Makunduchi sustained a more diverse assemblage than gravel and the different sediment layers. It was assumed that coral form and complexity, with implications for habitable space, nutritional resources and level of predation, are important in structuring diversity of the associated assemblage.}},
  author       = {{Gheerardyn, Hendrik and De Troch, Marleen and Ndaro, SGM and Raes, Maarten and Vincx, Magda and Vanreusel, Ann}},
  issn         = {{0025-3154}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{747--758}},
  title        = {{Community structure and microhabitat preferences of harpacticoid copepods in a tropical reef lagoon (Zanzibar Island, Tanzania)}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315409001331}},
  volume       = {{88}},
  year         = {{2008}},
}

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