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Health care professionals' perceptions towards lifelong learning in palliative care for general practitioners: a focus group study

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Abstract
Background: There is a growing need for palliative care. The majority of palliative patients prefer their general practitioner (GP) to organize their palliative home care. General practitioners need a range of competences to perform this task. However, there has been no general description so far of how GPs keep these competences up-to-date. The present study explores current experiences, views and preferences towards training and education in palliative care among GPs, palliative home-care professionals and professionals from organizations who provide training and education. Methods: Five focus groups were brought together in Belgium, with a total of 29 participants, including members of the three categories mentioned above. They were analysed using a constant comparison method. Results: The analysis revealed that undergraduate education and continuing medical education (CME) while in practice, is insufficient to prepare GPs for their palliative work. Workplace learning (WPL) through collaboration with specialized palliative home-care nurses seems to be a valuable alternative. Conclusions: The effectiveness of undergraduate education might be enhanced by adding practical experience. Providers of continuing medical education should look to organize interactive, practice-based and interprofessional sessions. Therefore, teachers need to be trained to run small group discussions. In order to optimize workplace learning, health care professionals should be trained to monitor each other’s practice and to provide effective feedback. Further research is needed to clarify which aspects of interprofessional teamwork (e.g. professional hierarchy, agreements on tasks and responsibilities) influence the effectiveness of workplace learning.
Keywords
Workplace learning, Continuing professional development, Primary care, Interprofessional collaboration, Interprofessional learning, MEDICAL-STUDENTS, HOME-CARE, EDUCATION, OPPORTUNITIES, PHYSICIANS, END, EXPERIENCE, WORKPLACE, KNOWLEDGE, OF-THE-LITERATURE

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MLA
Pype, Peter, Linda Symons, Johan Wens, et al. “Health Care Professionals’ Perceptions Towards Lifelong Learning in Palliative Care for General Practitioners: a Focus Group Study.” BMC FAMILY PRACTICE 15 (2014): n. pag. Print.
APA
Pype, P., Symons, L., Wens, J., Van den Eynden, B., Stes, A., & Deveugele, M. (2014). Health care professionals’ perceptions towards lifelong learning in palliative care for general practitioners: a focus group study. BMC FAMILY PRACTICE, 15.
Chicago author-date
Pype, Peter, Linda Symons, Johan Wens, Bart Van den Eynden, Ann Stes, and Myriam Deveugele. 2014. “Health Care Professionals’ Perceptions Towards Lifelong Learning in Palliative Care for General Practitioners: a Focus Group Study.” Bmc Family Practice 15.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Pype, Peter, Linda Symons, Johan Wens, Bart Van den Eynden, Ann Stes, and Myriam Deveugele. 2014. “Health Care Professionals’ Perceptions Towards Lifelong Learning in Palliative Care for General Practitioners: a Focus Group Study.” Bmc Family Practice 15.
Vancouver
1.
Pype P, Symons L, Wens J, Van den Eynden B, Stes A, Deveugele M. Health care professionals’ perceptions towards lifelong learning in palliative care for general practitioners: a focus group study. BMC FAMILY PRACTICE. 2014;15.
IEEE
[1]
P. Pype, L. Symons, J. Wens, B. Van den Eynden, A. Stes, and M. Deveugele, “Health care professionals’ perceptions towards lifelong learning in palliative care for general practitioners: a focus group study,” BMC FAMILY PRACTICE, vol. 15, 2014.
@article{4324493,
  abstract     = {Background: There is a growing need for palliative care. The majority of palliative patients prefer their general practitioner (GP) to organize their palliative home care. General practitioners need a range of competences to perform this task. However, there has been no general description so far of how GPs keep these competences up-to-date. The present study explores current experiences, views and preferences towards training and education in palliative care among GPs, palliative home-care professionals and professionals from organizations who provide training and education.
Methods: Five focus groups were brought together in Belgium, with a total of 29 participants, including members of the three categories mentioned above. They were analysed using a constant comparison method.
Results: The analysis revealed that undergraduate education and continuing medical education (CME) while in practice, is insufficient to prepare GPs for their palliative work. Workplace learning (WPL) through collaboration with specialized palliative home-care nurses seems to be a valuable alternative.
Conclusions: The effectiveness of undergraduate education might be enhanced by adding practical experience. Providers of continuing medical education should look to organize interactive, practice-based and interprofessional sessions. Therefore, teachers need to be trained to run small group discussions. In order to optimize workplace learning, health care professionals should be trained to monitor each other’s practice and to provide effective feedback. Further research is needed to clarify which aspects of interprofessional teamwork (e.g. professional hierarchy, agreements on tasks and responsibilities) influence the effectiveness of workplace learning.},
  articleno    = {36},
  author       = {Pype, Peter and Symons, Linda and Wens, Johan and Van den Eynden, Bart and Stes, Ann and Deveugele, Myriam},
  issn         = {1471-2296},
  journal      = {BMC FAMILY PRACTICE},
  keywords     = {Workplace learning,Continuing professional development,Primary care,Interprofessional collaboration,Interprofessional learning,MEDICAL-STUDENTS,HOME-CARE,EDUCATION,OPPORTUNITIES,PHYSICIANS,END,EXPERIENCE,WORKPLACE,KNOWLEDGE,OF-THE-LITERATURE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {11},
  title        = {Health care professionals' perceptions towards lifelong learning in palliative care for general practitioners: a focus group study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2296-15-36},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2014},
}

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