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Efficacy of products to remove eggs of Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from the human hair

Hilde Lapeere (UGent) , Lieve Brochez (UGent) , Evelien Verhaeghe (UGent) , Robert Vander Stichele (UGent) , Jean Paul Remon (UGent) , Jo Lambert (UGent) and Luc Leybaert (UGent)
(2014) JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY. 51(2). p.400-407
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Abstract
Head lice infestations are very common in children aged between 3 and 12 yr old. The eggs of the head louse are difficult to remove and remain firmly attached to the hair even after any head louse treatment. Solid in vitro and in vivo evidence to support the use of any of the proposed products to facilitate nit removal is scarce. The objective of the current study was to determine the efficacy of several products to remove eggshells from human hair using an objective measurement procedure. Water and ordinary hair conditioner significantly facilitated the removal of nits in vitro. We found no difference between ordinary conditioner and products specifically marketed for the purpose of nit removal. Other products such as formic acid solution and almond oil did not have a beneficial effect.
Keywords
Pediculus humanis capitis, pediculosis capitis, nit removal, HEAD LICE, NIT, LOUSE

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Chicago
Lapeere, Hilde, Lieve Brochez, Evelien Verhaeghe, Robert Vander Stichele, Jean Paul Remon, Jo Lambert, and Luc Leybaert. 2014. “Efficacy of Products to Remove Eggs of Pediculus Humanus Capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from the Human Hair.” Journal of Medical Entomology 51 (2): 400–407.
APA
Lapeere, H., Brochez, L., Verhaeghe, E., Vander Stichele, R., Remon, J. P., Lambert, J., & Leybaert, L. (2014). Efficacy of products to remove eggs of Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from the human hair. JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY, 51(2), 400–407.
Vancouver
1.
Lapeere H, Brochez L, Verhaeghe E, Vander Stichele R, Remon JP, Lambert J, et al. Efficacy of products to remove eggs of Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from the human hair. JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY. 2014;51(2):400–7.
MLA
Lapeere, Hilde, Lieve Brochez, Evelien Verhaeghe, et al. “Efficacy of Products to Remove Eggs of Pediculus Humanus Capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from the Human Hair.” JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY 51.2 (2014): 400–407. Print.
@article{4318560,
  abstract     = {Head lice infestations are very common in children aged between 3 and 12 yr old. The eggs of the head louse are difficult to remove and remain firmly attached to the hair even after any head louse treatment. Solid in vitro and in vivo evidence to support the use of any of the proposed products to facilitate nit removal is scarce. The objective of the current study was to determine the efficacy of several products to remove eggshells from human hair using an objective measurement procedure. Water and ordinary hair conditioner significantly facilitated the removal of nits in vitro. We found no difference between ordinary conditioner and products specifically marketed for the purpose of nit removal. Other products such as formic acid solution and almond oil did not have a beneficial effect.},
  author       = {Lapeere, Hilde and Brochez, Lieve and Verhaeghe, Evelien and Vander Stichele, Robert and Remon, Jean Paul and Lambert, Jo and Leybaert, Luc},
  issn         = {0022-2585},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY},
  keyword      = {Pediculus humanis capitis,pediculosis capitis,nit removal,HEAD LICE,NIT,LOUSE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {400--407},
  title        = {Efficacy of products to remove eggs of Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from the human hair},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/ME13106},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2014},
}

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