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Social disorganization, social capital, collective efficacy and the spatial distribution of crime and offenders

(2013) BRITISH JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY. 53(5). p.942-963
Author
Organization
Abstract
Six different social disorganization models of neighbourhood crime and offender rates were tested using data from multiple sources in the city of The Hague, in the Netherlands. The sources included a community survey among 3,575 residents in 86 neighbourhoods measuring the central concepts of the six models. The data were aggregated to ecologically reliable neighbourhood measures and combined with census data. Crime rates and offender rates were calculated on geo-coded police-recorded data on crimes and apprehended suspects. Spatial regression models were applied to test social disorganization theories in a Western-European city. The findings reveal that social disorganization models do not fit the data well, and indicate that crime rates and offender rates may be caused by distinct urban processes.
Keywords
VIOLENT CRIME, COMMUNITY STRUCTURE, DELINQUENCY, NEIGHBORHOODS, DIRECTIONS, DYNAMICS, PATTERNS, SAMPSON, TIES, social disorganization, collective efficacy, crime rates, offender rates

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Bruinsma, Gerben et al. “Social Disorganization, Social Capital, Collective Efficacy and the Spatial Distribution of Crime and Offenders.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY 53.5 (2013): 942–963. Print.
APA
Bruinsma, G., Pauwels, L., Weerman, F., & Bernasco, W. (2013). Social disorganization, social capital, collective efficacy and the spatial distribution of crime and offenders. BRITISH JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY, 53(5), 942–963.
Chicago author-date
Bruinsma, Gerben, Lieven Pauwels, Frank Weerman, and Wim Bernasco. 2013. “Social Disorganization, Social Capital, Collective Efficacy and the Spatial Distribution of Crime and Offenders.” British Journal of Criminology 53 (5): 942–963.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Bruinsma, Gerben, Lieven Pauwels, Frank Weerman, and Wim Bernasco. 2013. “Social Disorganization, Social Capital, Collective Efficacy and the Spatial Distribution of Crime and Offenders.” British Journal of Criminology 53 (5): 942–963.
Vancouver
1.
Bruinsma G, Pauwels L, Weerman F, Bernasco W. Social disorganization, social capital, collective efficacy and the spatial distribution of crime and offenders. BRITISH JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY. 2013;53(5):942–63.
IEEE
[1]
G. Bruinsma, L. Pauwels, F. Weerman, and W. Bernasco, “Social disorganization, social capital, collective efficacy and the spatial distribution of crime and offenders,” BRITISH JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 942–963, 2013.
@article{4315885,
  abstract     = {Six different social disorganization models of neighbourhood crime and offender rates were tested using data from multiple sources in the city of The Hague, in the Netherlands. The sources included a community survey among 3,575 residents in 86 neighbourhoods measuring the central concepts of the six models. The data were aggregated to ecologically reliable neighbourhood measures and combined with census data. Crime rates and offender rates were calculated on geo-coded police-recorded data on crimes and apprehended suspects. Spatial regression models were applied to test social disorganization theories in a Western-European city. The findings reveal that social disorganization models do not fit the data well, and indicate that crime rates and offender rates may be caused by distinct urban processes.},
  author       = {Bruinsma, Gerben and Pauwels, Lieven and Weerman, Frank and Bernasco, Wim},
  issn         = {0007-0955},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY},
  keywords     = {VIOLENT CRIME,COMMUNITY STRUCTURE,DELINQUENCY,NEIGHBORHOODS,DIRECTIONS,DYNAMICS,PATTERNS,SAMPSON,TIES,social disorganization,collective efficacy,crime rates,offender rates},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {942--963},
  title        = {Social disorganization, social capital, collective efficacy and the spatial distribution of crime and offenders},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azt030},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2013},
}

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