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Verschuivende tolerantiedrempels: de morele codes van het leven in bezet België (1914-1918)

Antoon Vrints (UGent)
(2013) VOLKSKUNDE. 114(3). p.317-339
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Organization
Abstract
Shifting thresholds of tolerance. The moral codes of conduct in occupied Belgium (1914-1918) The Belgian elites in occupied Belgium feared that the war experience would lead to a state of anomy, to a situation of complete moral disintegration. This ‘moral panic’ about the population of the occupied country has been reproduced ever since, to a certain extent even in recent historiography It is however doubtful whether it is fruitful to look at occupied Belgium through the normative lens of processes of moral (dis)integration. Seen through the eyes of the inhabitants of the occupied country (as done in this article), there is little sign of moral disintegration (nor of moral consensus for that matter). This article shows that, it is much more fruitful to focus on shifting tolerance levels in order to cope with the rapidly changing conditions. It appears that in certain areas the tolerance increases (e.g. towards theft), while in other areas the tolerance decreases (e.g. towards usury). Although certain views were shared by virtually the entire Belgian population (e.g. the moral weight of the soldiers), in most fields the moral perceptions of war time social relations by various social groups diverged. People from different social groups scrutinized each other strongly, which illustrates the power of social tensions in the occupied country.
Keywords
first world war, belgium, occupation

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Citation

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Chicago
Vrints, Antoon. 2013. “Verschuivende Tolerantiedrempels: De Morele Codes Van Het Leven in Bezet België (1914-1918).” Volkskunde 114 (3): 317–339.
APA
Vrints, A. (2013). Verschuivende tolerantiedrempels: de morele codes van het leven in bezet België (1914-1918). VOLKSKUNDE, 114(3), 317–339.
Vancouver
1.
Vrints A. Verschuivende tolerantiedrempels: de morele codes van het leven in bezet België (1914-1918). VOLKSKUNDE. 2013;114(3):317–39.
MLA
Vrints, Antoon. “Verschuivende Tolerantiedrempels: De Morele Codes Van Het Leven in Bezet België (1914-1918).” VOLKSKUNDE 114.3 (2013): 317–339. Print.
@article{4315540,
  abstract     = {Shifting thresholds of tolerance. The moral codes of conduct in occupied Belgium (1914-1918) The Belgian elites in occupied Belgium feared that the war experience would lead to a state of anomy, to a situation of complete moral disintegration. This {\textquoteleft}moral panic{\textquoteright} about the population of the occupied country has been reproduced ever since, to a certain extent even in recent historiography It is however doubtful whether it is fruitful to look at occupied Belgium through the normative lens of processes of moral (dis)integration. Seen through the eyes of the inhabitants of the occupied country (as done in this article), there is little sign of moral disintegration (nor of moral consensus for that matter). This article shows that, it is much more fruitful to focus on shifting tolerance levels in order to cope with the rapidly changing conditions. It appears that in certain areas the tolerance increases (e.g. towards theft), while in other areas the tolerance decreases (e.g. towards usury). Although certain views were shared by virtually the entire Belgian population (e.g. the moral weight of the soldiers), in most fields the moral perceptions of war time social relations by various social groups diverged. People from different social groups scrutinized each other strongly, which illustrates the power of social tensions in the occupied country.},
  author       = {Vrints, Antoon},
  issn         = {0042-8523},
  journal      = {VOLKSKUNDE},
  keyword      = {first world war,belgium,occupation},
  language     = {dut},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {317--339},
  title        = {Verschuivende tolerantiedrempels: de morele codes van het leven in bezet Belgi{\"e} (1914-1918)},
  volume       = {114},
  year         = {2013},
}

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