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Regulatory options for genetically modified crops in India

Bhagirath Choudhary (UGent) , Godelieve Gheysen (UGent) , Jeroen Buysse (UGent) , Pieter Van der Meer (UGent) and Sylvia Burssens (UGent)
(2014) PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL. 12(2). p.135-146
Author
Organization
Abstract
The introduction of semi-dwarfing, high-yielding and nutrients-responsive crop varieties in the 1960s and 1970s alleviated the suffering of low crop yield, food shortages and epidemics of famine in India and other parts of the Asian continent. Two semi-dwarfing genes, Rht in wheat and Sd-1 in rice heralded the green revolution for which Dr. Norman Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970. In contrast, the revolutionary new genetics of crop improvement shamble over formidable obstacles of regulatory delays, political interferences and public misconceptions. India benefited immensely from the green revolution and is now grappling to deal with the nuances of GM crops. The development of GM mustard discontinued prematurely in 2001 and insect-resistant Bt cotton varieties were successfully approved for commercial cultivation in 2002 in an evolving nature of regulatory system. However, the moratorium on Bt brinjal by MOEF in 2010 meant a considerable detour from an objective, science-based, rigorous institutional process of regulatory approval to a more subjective, nonscience-driven, political decision-making process. This study examines what ails the regulatory system of GM crops in India and the steps that led to the regulatory logjam. Responding to the growing challenges and impediments of existing biosafety regulation, it suggests options that are critical for GM crops to take roots for a multiplier harvest.
Keywords
GREEN-REVOLUTION, regulation, BT-COTTON, PLANT-CELLS, GENES, IMPACT, RICE, PERFORMANCE, EXPRESSION, RESISTANCE, SEMIDWARF, Bt brinjal, Bt cotton, GM crops, Green revolution, biosafety

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Chicago
Choudhary, Bhagirath, Godelieve Gheysen, Jeroen Buysse, Pieter Van der Meer, and Sylvia Burssens. 2014. “Regulatory Options for Genetically Modified Crops in India.” Plant Biotechnology Journal 12 (2): 135–146.
APA
Choudhary, B., Gheysen, G., Buysse, J., Van der Meer, P., & Burssens, S. (2014). Regulatory options for genetically modified crops in India. PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL, 12(2), 135–146.
Vancouver
1.
Choudhary B, Gheysen G, Buysse J, Van der Meer P, Burssens S. Regulatory options for genetically modified crops in India. PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL. 2014;12(2):135–46.
MLA
Choudhary, Bhagirath, Godelieve Gheysen, Jeroen Buysse, et al. “Regulatory Options for Genetically Modified Crops in India.” PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL 12.2 (2014): 135–146. Print.
@article{4297340,
  abstract     = {The introduction of semi-dwarfing, high-yielding and nutrients-responsive crop varieties in the 1960s and 1970s alleviated the suffering of low crop yield, food shortages and epidemics of famine in India and other parts of the Asian continent. Two semi-dwarfing genes, Rht in wheat and Sd-1 in rice heralded the green revolution for which Dr. Norman Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970. In contrast, the revolutionary new genetics of crop improvement shamble over formidable obstacles of regulatory delays, political interferences and public misconceptions. India benefited immensely from the green revolution and is now grappling to deal with the nuances of GM crops. The development of GM mustard discontinued prematurely in 2001 and insect-resistant Bt cotton varieties were successfully approved for commercial cultivation in 2002 in an evolving nature of regulatory system. However, the moratorium on Bt brinjal by MOEF in 2010 meant a considerable detour from an objective, science-based, rigorous institutional process of regulatory approval to a more subjective, nonscience-driven, political decision-making process. This study examines what ails the regulatory system of GM crops in India and the steps that led to the regulatory logjam. Responding to the growing challenges and impediments of existing biosafety regulation, it suggests options that are critical for GM crops to take roots for a multiplier harvest.},
  author       = {Choudhary, Bhagirath and Gheysen, Godelieve and Buysse, Jeroen and Van der Meer, Pieter and Burssens, Sylvia},
  issn         = {1467-7644},
  journal      = {PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL},
  keyword      = {GREEN-REVOLUTION,regulation,BT-COTTON,PLANT-CELLS,GENES,IMPACT,RICE,PERFORMANCE,EXPRESSION,RESISTANCE,SEMIDWARF,Bt brinjal,Bt cotton,GM crops,Green revolution,biosafety},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {135--146},
  title        = {Regulatory options for genetically modified crops in India},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12155},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2014},
}

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