Advanced search
1 file | 978.57 KB

Training working memory to reduce rumination

Thomas Onraedt (UGent) and Ernst Koster (UGent)
(2014) PLOS ONE. 9(3).
Author
Organization
Abstract
Cognitive symptoms of depression, such as rumination, have shown to be associated with deficits in working memory functioning. More precisely, the capacity to expel irrelevant negative information from working memory seems to be affected. Even though these associations have repeatedly been demonstrated, the nature and causal direction of this association is still unclear. Therefore, within an experimental design, we tried to manipulate working memory functioning of participants with heightened rumination scores in two similar experiments (n = 72 and n = 45) using a six day working memory training compared to active and passive control groups. Subsequently the effects on the processing of non-emotional and emotional information in working memory were monitored. In both experiments, performance during the training task significantly increased, but this performance gain did not transfer to the outcome working memory tasks or rumination and depression measures. Possible explanations for the failure to find transfer effects are discussed.
Keywords
EMOTIONAL INFORMATION, COGNITIVE CONTROL, FLUID INTELLIGENCE, DEPRESSION, INTERFERENCE, DISORDERS, CAPACITY, DYSPHORIA, SYMPTOMS, CHILDREN

Downloads

  • Onraedt Koster PLOS.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 978.57 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Onraedt, Thomas, and Ernst Koster. 2014. “Training Working Memory to Reduce Rumination.” Plos One 9 (3).
APA
Onraedt, T., & Koster, E. (2014). Training working memory to reduce rumination. PLOS ONE, 9(3).
Vancouver
1.
Onraedt T, Koster E. Training working memory to reduce rumination. PLOS ONE. 2014;9(3).
MLA
Onraedt, Thomas, and Ernst Koster. “Training Working Memory to Reduce Rumination.” PLOS ONE 9.3 (2014): n. pag. Print.
@article{4296363,
  abstract     = {Cognitive symptoms of depression, such as rumination, have shown to be associated with deficits in working memory functioning. More precisely, the capacity to expel irrelevant negative information from working memory seems to be affected. Even though these associations have repeatedly been demonstrated, the nature and causal direction of this association is still unclear. Therefore, within an experimental design, we tried to manipulate working memory functioning of participants with heightened rumination scores in two similar experiments (n = 72 and n = 45) using a six day working memory training compared to active and passive control groups. Subsequently the effects on the processing of non-emotional and emotional information in working memory were monitored. In both experiments, performance during the training task significantly increased, but this performance gain did not transfer to the outcome working memory tasks or rumination and depression measures. Possible explanations for the failure to find transfer effects are discussed.},
  articleno    = {e90632},
  author       = {Onraedt, Thomas and Koster, Ernst},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keywords     = {EMOTIONAL INFORMATION,COGNITIVE CONTROL,FLUID INTELLIGENCE,DEPRESSION,INTERFERENCE,DISORDERS,CAPACITY,DYSPHORIA,SYMPTOMS,CHILDREN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  title        = {Training working memory to reduce rumination},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090632},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2014},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: