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Higher plant transformation: principles and molecular tools

Sylvester Anami (UGent) , Elizabeth Njuguna (UGent) , Griet Coussens (UGent) , Stijn Aesaert (UGent) and Maria Van Lijsebettens (UGent)
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Abstract
In higher plants, genetic transformation, which is part of the toolbox for the study of living organisms, had been reported only 30 years ago, boosting basic plant biology research, generating superior crops, and leading to the new discipline of plant biotechnology. Here, we review its principles and the corresponding molecular tools. In vitro regeneration, through somatic embryogenesis or organogenesis, is discussed because they are prerequisites for the subsequent Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transferred (T)-DNA or direct DNA transfer methods to produce transgenic plants. Important molecular components of the T-DNA are examined, such as selectable marker genes that allow the selection of transformed cells in tissue cultures and are used to follow the gene of interest in the next generations, and reporter genes that have been developed to visualize promoter activities, protein localizations, and protein-protein interactions. Genes of interest are assembled with promoters and termination signals in Escherichia coli by means of GATEWAY-derived binary vectors that represent the current versatile cloning tools. Finally, future promising developments in transgene technology are considered.
Keywords
T-DNA INTEGRATION, IN-VITRO, PANICUM-VIRGATUM L., SELECTABLE MARKER GENES, GENE-EXPRESSION PROGRAMS, MOSAIC VIRUS-35S PROMOTER, ARABIDOPSIS TISSUE-CULTURE, SITE-SPECIFIC RECOMBINATION, AGROBACTERIUM-MEDIATED TRANSFORMATION, GREEN-FLUORESCENT PROTEIN, organogenesis, somatic embryogenesis, plant transformation, transgene, T-DNA, Agrobacterium tumefaciens

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Chicago
Anami, Sylvester, Elizabeth Njuguna, Griet Coussens, Stijn Aesaert, and Maria Van Lijsebettens. 2013. “Higher Plant Transformation: Principles and Molecular Tools.” Ed. Maria Van Lijsebettens and Geert Angenon. International Journal of Developmental Biology 57 (6-8): 483–494.
APA
Anami, S., Njuguna, E., Coussens, G., Aesaert, S., & Van Lijsebettens, M. (2013). Higher plant transformation: principles and molecular tools. (M. Van Lijsebettens & G. Angenon, Eds.)INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 57(6-8), 483–494.
Vancouver
1.
Anami S, Njuguna E, Coussens G, Aesaert S, Van Lijsebettens M. Higher plant transformation: principles and molecular tools. Van Lijsebettens M, Angenon G, editors. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. 2013;57(6-8):483–94.
MLA
Anami, Sylvester, Elizabeth Njuguna, Griet Coussens, et al. “Higher Plant Transformation: Principles and Molecular Tools.” Ed. Maria Van Lijsebettens & Geert Angenon. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY 57.6-8 (2013): 483–494. Print.
@article{4294664,
  abstract     = {In higher plants, genetic transformation, which is part of the toolbox for the study of living organisms, had been reported only 30 years ago, boosting basic plant biology research, generating superior crops, and leading to the new discipline of plant biotechnology. Here, we review its principles and the corresponding molecular tools. In vitro regeneration, through somatic embryogenesis or organogenesis, is discussed because they are prerequisites for the subsequent Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transferred (T)-DNA or direct DNA transfer methods to produce transgenic plants. Important molecular components of the T-DNA are examined, such as selectable marker genes that allow the selection of transformed cells in tissue cultures and are used to follow the gene of interest in the next generations, and reporter genes that have been developed to visualize promoter activities, protein localizations, and protein-protein interactions. Genes of interest are assembled with promoters and termination signals in Escherichia coli by means of GATEWAY-derived binary vectors that represent the current versatile cloning tools. Finally, future promising developments in transgene technology are considered.},
  author       = {Anami, Sylvester and Njuguna, Elizabeth and Coussens, Griet and Aesaert, Stijn and Van Lijsebettens, Maria},
  editor       = {Van Lijsebettens, Maria and Angenon, Geert},
  issn         = {0214-6282},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6-8},
  pages        = {483--494},
  title        = {Higher plant transformation: principles and molecular tools},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1387/ijdb.130232mv},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2013},
}

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