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Abstract
Laryngeal paralysis is the effect of an inability to abduct the arytenoid cartilages during inspiration, resulting in respiratory signs consistent with partial airway obstruction. The aetiology of the disease can be congenital (hereditary laryngeal paralysis or congenital polyneuropathy), or acquired (trauma, neoplasia, polyneuropathy, endocrinopathy). The most common form of acquired laryngeal paralysis (LP) is typically seen in old, large breed dogs and is a clinical manifestation of a generalised peripheral polyneuropathy recently referred to as geriatric onset laryngeal paralysis polyneuropathy. Diagnosing LP based on clinical signs, breed and history has a very high sensitivity (90%) and can be confirmed by laryngeal inspection. Prognosis after surgical correction depends on the aetiology: traumatic cases have a good prognosis, whereas tumour-induced or polyneuropathy-induced LP has a guarded prognosis. Acquired idiopathic LP is a slow progressive disease, with dogs reaching median survival times of 3-5 years after surgical correction.
Keywords
YOUNG ROTTWEILERS, VENTRICULOCORDECTOMY, NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASE, MYASTHENIA-GRAVIS, CRICOARYTENOID LARYNGOPLASTY, UNILATERAL ARYTENOID LATERALIZATION, RIMA GLOTTIDIS, POLYNEUROPATHY COMPLEX, DIAGNOSIS, AREA

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Kitshoff, Adriaan, Bart Van Goethem, Ludo Stegen, Peter Vandekerckhove, and Hilde De Rooster. 2013. “Laryngeal Paralysis in Dogs : an Update on Recent Knowledge.” Journal of the South African Veterinary Association-tydskrif Van Die Suid-afrikaanse Veterinere Vereniging 84 (1).
APA
Kitshoff, A., Van Goethem, B., Stegen, L., Vandekerckhove, P., & De Rooster, H. (2013). Laryngeal paralysis in dogs : an update on recent knowledge. JOURNAL OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN VETERINARY ASSOCIATION-TYDSKRIF VAN DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE VETERINERE VERENIGING, 84(1).
Vancouver
1.
Kitshoff A, Van Goethem B, Stegen L, Vandekerckhove P, De Rooster H. Laryngeal paralysis in dogs : an update on recent knowledge. JOURNAL OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN VETERINARY ASSOCIATION-TYDSKRIF VAN DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE VETERINERE VERENIGING. 2013;84(1).
MLA
Kitshoff, Adriaan, Bart Van Goethem, Ludo Stegen, et al. “Laryngeal Paralysis in Dogs : an Update on Recent Knowledge.” JOURNAL OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN VETERINARY ASSOCIATION-TYDSKRIF VAN DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE VETERINERE VERENIGING 84.1 (2013): n. pag. Print.
@article{4293646,
  abstract     = {Laryngeal paralysis is the effect of an inability to abduct the arytenoid cartilages during inspiration, resulting in respiratory signs consistent with partial airway obstruction. The aetiology of the disease can be congenital (hereditary laryngeal paralysis or congenital polyneuropathy), or acquired (trauma, neoplasia, polyneuropathy, endocrinopathy). The most common form of acquired laryngeal paralysis (LP) is typically seen in old, large breed dogs and is a clinical manifestation of a generalised peripheral polyneuropathy recently referred to as geriatric onset laryngeal paralysis polyneuropathy. Diagnosing LP based on clinical signs, breed and history has a very high sensitivity (90\%) and can be confirmed by laryngeal inspection. Prognosis after surgical correction depends on the aetiology: traumatic cases have a good prognosis, whereas tumour-induced or polyneuropathy-induced LP has a guarded prognosis. Acquired idiopathic LP is a slow progressive disease, with dogs reaching median survival times of 3-5 years after surgical correction.},
  articleno    = {909},
  author       = {Kitshoff, Adriaan and Van Goethem, Bart and Stegen, Ludo and Vandekerckhove, Peter and De Rooster, Hilde},
  issn         = {0038-2809},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN VETERINARY ASSOCIATION-TYDSKRIF VAN DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE VETERINERE VERENIGING},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {9},
  title        = {Laryngeal paralysis in dogs : an update on recent knowledge},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v84i1.909},
  volume       = {84},
  year         = {2013},
}

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