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Risk factors for childhood overweight: a 30-month longitudinal study of 3- to 6-year-old children

Valerie De Coen (UGent) , Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij (UGent) , Vera Verbestel (UGent) , Lea Maes (UGent) and Carine Vereecken (UGent)
(2014) PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION. 17(9). p.1993-2000
Author
Organization
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The increasing prevalence of childhood overweight is an important health issue. There is a need for longitudinal research among children in order to identify risk factors for childhood overweight. The objective of the present research was to identify potential sociodemographic and behavioural risk factors for development of childhood overweight among 3- to 6-year-old children. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Sixteen pre-primary and primary schools. SUBJECTS: BMI Z-scores at baseline and two follow-up measurements were calculated for 568 children. Sociodemographic, parental adiposity, familial composition, child's diet, physical activity and sedentary behavioural data were collected through questionnaires. RESULTS: Several risk factors for the development of childhood overweight were found. Being an only child, lower maternal educational level, maternal and paternal overweight, more than 1 h screen time on weekdays and high soft drinks consumption were shown to be positively associated with the development of childhood overweight. CONCLUSIONS: Although behavioural factors are important, our findings support the thesis that interventions on the prevention of childhood overweight should focus on high-risk groups, i.e. children from low socio-economic background or with high parental BMI. Interventions should address the whole family and take into account their lifestyle and structure.
Keywords
Sociodemographic factors, Risk factor, Childhood overweight, Dietary factors, Screen time, BODY-MASS INDEX, SOFT DRINK CONSUMPTION, SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, SOCIAL-CLASS, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, MATERNAL EMPLOYMENT, VEGETABLE INTAKE, BIRTH-WEIGHT, OBESITY

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Chicago
De Coen, Valerie, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Vera Verbestel, Lea Maes, and Carine Vereecken. 2014. “Risk Factors for Childhood Overweight: a 30-month Longitudinal Study of 3- to 6-year-old Children.” Public Health Nutrition 17 (9): 1993–2000.
APA
De Coen, Valerie, De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Verbestel, V., Maes, L., & Vereecken, C. (2014). Risk factors for childhood overweight: a 30-month longitudinal study of 3- to 6-year-old children. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION, 17(9), 1993–2000.
Vancouver
1.
De Coen V, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Verbestel V, Maes L, Vereecken C. Risk factors for childhood overweight: a 30-month longitudinal study of 3- to 6-year-old children. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION. 2014;17(9):1993–2000.
MLA
De Coen, Valerie, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Vera Verbestel, et al. “Risk Factors for Childhood Overweight: a 30-month Longitudinal Study of 3- to 6-year-old Children.” PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION 17.9 (2014): 1993–2000. Print.
@article{4288214,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: The increasing prevalence of childhood overweight is an important health issue. There is a need for longitudinal research among children in order to identify risk factors for childhood overweight. The objective of the present research was to identify potential sociodemographic and behavioural risk factors for development of childhood overweight among 3- to 6-year-old children.
DESIGN: Longitudinal study.
SETTING: Sixteen pre-primary and primary schools.
SUBJECTS: BMI Z-scores at baseline and two follow-up measurements were calculated for 568 children. Sociodemographic, parental adiposity, familial composition, child's diet, physical activity and sedentary behavioural data were collected through questionnaires.
RESULTS: Several risk factors for the development of childhood overweight were found. Being an only child, lower maternal educational level, maternal and paternal overweight, more than 1 h screen time on weekdays and high soft drinks consumption were shown to be positively associated with the development of childhood overweight.
CONCLUSIONS: Although behavioural factors are important, our findings support the thesis that interventions on the prevention of childhood overweight should focus on high-risk groups, i.e. children from low socio-economic background or with high parental BMI. Interventions should address the whole family and take into account their lifestyle and structure.},
  author       = {De Coen, Valerie and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Verbestel, Vera and Maes, Lea and Vereecken, Carine},
  issn         = {1368-9800},
  journal      = {PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION},
  keywords     = {Sociodemographic factors,Risk factor,Childhood overweight,Dietary factors,Screen time,BODY-MASS INDEX,SOFT DRINK CONSUMPTION,SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,SOCIAL-CLASS,SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS,MATERNAL EMPLOYMENT,VEGETABLE INTAKE,BIRTH-WEIGHT,OBESITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1993--2000},
  title        = {Risk factors for childhood overweight: a 30-month longitudinal study of 3- to 6-year-old children},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980013002346},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2014},
}

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