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Recognizing induced emotions of happiness and sadness from dance movement

Edith Van Dyck UGent, Pieter Vansteenkiste UGent, Matthieu Lenoir UGent, Micheline Lesaffre UGent and Marc Leman UGent (2014) PLOS ONE. 9(2).
abstract
Recent research revealed that emotional content can be successfully decoded from human dance movement. Most previous studies made use of videos of actors or dancers portraying emotions through choreography. The current study applies emotion induction techniques and free movement in order to examine the recognition of emotional content from dance. Observers (N = 30) watched a set of silent videos showing depersonalized avatars of dancers moving to an emotionally neutral musical stimulus after emotions of either sadness or happiness had been induced. Each of the video clips consisted of two dance performances which were presented side-by-side and were played simultaneously; one of a dancer in the happy condition and one of the same individual in the sad condition. After every film clip, the observers were asked to make forced-choices concerning the emotional state of the dancer. Results revealed that observers were able to identify the emotional state of the dancers with a high degree of accuracy. Moreover, emotions were more often recognized for female dancers than for their male counterparts. In addition, the results of eye tracking measurements unveiled that observers primarily focus on movements of the chest when decoding emotional information from dance movement. The findings of our study show that not merely portrayed emotions, but also induced emotions can be successfully recognized from free dance movement.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, SEX-DIFFERENCES, POINT-LIGHT DISPLAYS, FACES, CHILDREN, BODY MOVEMENT, PERCEPTION, RECOGNITION, ADOLESCENTS, GESTURES, IPEMexpressive
journal title
PLOS ONE
PLoS One
volume
9
issue
2
article number
e89773
pages
7 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000331880700089
JCR category
MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
3.234 (2014)
JCR rank
9/57 (2014)
JCR quartile
1 (2014)
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0089773
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
4270844
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-4270844
date created
2014-02-07 13:50:36
date last changed
2016-12-21 15:41:18
@article{4270844,
  abstract     = {Recent research revealed that emotional content can be successfully decoded from human dance movement. Most previous studies made use of videos of actors or dancers portraying emotions through choreography. The current study applies emotion induction techniques and free movement in order to examine the recognition of emotional content from dance. Observers (N = 30) watched a set of silent videos showing depersonalized avatars of dancers moving to an emotionally neutral musical stimulus after emotions of either sadness or happiness had been induced. Each of the video clips consisted of two dance performances which were presented side-by-side and were played simultaneously; one of a dancer in the happy condition and one of the same individual in the sad condition. After every film clip, the observers were asked to make forced-choices concerning the emotional state of the dancer. Results revealed that observers were able to identify the emotional state of the dancers with a high degree of accuracy. Moreover, emotions were more often recognized for female dancers than for their male counterparts. In addition, the results of eye tracking measurements unveiled that observers primarily focus on movements of the chest when decoding emotional information from dance movement. The findings of our study show that not merely portrayed emotions, but also induced emotions can be successfully recognized from free dance movement.},
  articleno    = {e89773},
  author       = {Van Dyck, Edith and Vansteenkiste, Pieter and Lenoir, Matthieu and Lesaffre, Micheline and Leman, Marc},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keyword      = {FACIAL EXPRESSIONS,SEX-DIFFERENCES,POINT-LIGHT DISPLAYS,FACES,CHILDREN,BODY MOVEMENT,PERCEPTION,RECOGNITION,ADOLESCENTS,GESTURES,IPEMexpressive},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {7},
  title        = {Recognizing induced emotions of happiness and sadness from dance movement},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089773},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2014},
}

Chicago
Van Dyck, Edith, Pieter Vansteenkiste, Matthieu Lenoir, Micheline Lesaffre, and Marc Leman. 2014. “Recognizing Induced Emotions of Happiness and Sadness from Dance Movement.” Plos One 9 (2).
APA
Van Dyck, E., Vansteenkiste, P., Lenoir, M., Lesaffre, M., & Leman, M. (2014). Recognizing induced emotions of happiness and sadness from dance movement. PLOS ONE, 9(2).
Vancouver
1.
Van Dyck E, Vansteenkiste P, Lenoir M, Lesaffre M, Leman M. Recognizing induced emotions of happiness and sadness from dance movement. PLOS ONE. 2014;9(2).
MLA
Van Dyck, Edith, Pieter Vansteenkiste, Matthieu Lenoir, et al. “Recognizing Induced Emotions of Happiness and Sadness from Dance Movement.” PLOS ONE 9.2 (2014): n. pag. Print.