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Factorijen en forten: Zuid-Nederlanders in achttiende-eeuws India

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Abstract
Factories and forts. Southern Netherlanders in 18th century India. This chapter describes Indian encounters with a 'Belgian', or Southern Netherlandish, presence in 18th century India. It describes contextual and qualitative aspects of the economic context of pre-colonial trade in India. In 1722, the Austrian Netherlands formed an Ostend Company, the 'General Imperial India Company', which eventually received a concession to build an own 'factory'. The chapter shows European ship owners, seafarers and merchants' attempts to establish trade and negotiations with both European competitors and local rulers (zamorin, nawab). It shortly treats different attempts to do so in Gujarat, the Coromandel and Malabar-coasts and eventually Bengal (Banquibazar). In 1744, it had to be abandoned due to international political reasons. The chapter also touches on the importance of cultural interaction and ceremonial performative contexts, such as the salamalec ceremony or the offering of betel and rosewater, and refers to the Flemish artist Balthazar Solvyns, who developped a unique early etnographic visual appraisal on aspects of Hindu culture (such as music). Lastly, the chapter also mentions the exaggerated recuperation of Banquibazar by 19th century imperialist historiographers, as 'Belgium's first colony'.
Keywords
India, Ostend Company, maritime history, colonial history, cultural interaction, contacts

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Citation

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Chicago
De Winter, Wim, and Jan Parmentier. 2013. “Factorijen En Forten: Zuid-Nederlanders in Achttiende-eeuws India.” In Het Wiel Van Ashoka : Belgisch-Indiase Contacten in Historisch Perspectief, ed. Idesbald Goddeeris, 35–50. Leuven: Leuven University Press.
APA
De Winter, W., & Parmentier, J. (2013). Factorijen en forten: Zuid-Nederlanders in achttiende-eeuws India. In Idesbald Goddeeris (Ed.), Het wiel van Ashoka : Belgisch-Indiase contacten in historisch perspectief (pp. 35–50). Leuven: Leuven University Press.
Vancouver
1.
De Winter W, Parmentier J. Factorijen en forten: Zuid-Nederlanders in achttiende-eeuws India. In: Goddeeris I, editor. Het wiel van Ashoka : Belgisch-Indiase contacten in historisch perspectief. Leuven: Leuven University Press; 2013. p. 35–50.
MLA
De Winter, Wim, and Jan Parmentier. “Factorijen En Forten: Zuid-Nederlanders in Achttiende-eeuws India.” Het Wiel Van Ashoka : Belgisch-Indiase Contacten in Historisch Perspectief. Ed. Idesbald Goddeeris. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2013. 35–50. Print.
@incollection{4261622,
  abstract     = {Factories and forts. Southern Netherlanders in 18th century India. This chapter describes Indian encounters with a 'Belgian', or Southern Netherlandish, presence in 18th century India. It describes contextual and qualitative aspects of the economic context of pre-colonial trade in India. In 1722, the Austrian Netherlands formed an Ostend Company, the 'General Imperial India Company', which eventually received a concession to build an own 'factory'. The chapter shows European ship owners, seafarers and merchants' attempts to establish trade and negotiations with both European competitors and local rulers (zamorin, nawab). It shortly treats different attempts to do so in Gujarat, the Coromandel and Malabar-coasts and eventually Bengal (Banquibazar). In 1744, it had to be abandoned due to international political reasons. The chapter also touches on the importance of cultural interaction and ceremonial performative contexts, such as the salamalec ceremony or the offering of betel and rosewater, and refers to the Flemish artist Balthazar Solvyns, who developped a unique early etnographic visual appraisal on aspects of Hindu culture (such as music). Lastly, the chapter also mentions the exaggerated recuperation of Banquibazar by 19th century imperialist historiographers, as 'Belgium's first colony'.},
  author       = {De Winter, Wim and Parmentier, Jan},
  booktitle    = {Het wiel van Ashoka : Belgisch-Indiase contacten in historisch perspectief},
  editor       = {Goddeeris, Idesbald},
  isbn         = {9789058679543},
  language     = {dut},
  pages        = {35--50},
  publisher    = {Leuven University Press},
  title        = {Factorijen en forten: Zuid-Nederlanders in achttiende-eeuws India},
  year         = {2013},
}