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Influence of phosphodiesterases and cGMP on cAMP generation and on phosphorylation of phospholamban and troponin I by 5-HT4 receptor activation in porcine left atrium

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Abstract
Our objective was to investigate the role of phosphodiesterase (PDE)3 and PDE4 and cGMP in the control of cAMP metabolism and of phosphorylation of troponin I (TnI) and phospholamban (PLB) when 5-HT4 receptors are activated in pig left atrium. Electrically paced porcine left atrial muscles, mounted in organ baths, received stimulators of particulate guanylyl cyclase (pGC) or soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) and/or specific PDE inhibitors followed by 5-HT or the 5-HT4 receptor agonist prucalopride. Muscles were freeze-clamped at different moments of exposure to measure phosphorylation of the cAMP/protein kinase A targets TnI and PLB by immunoblotting and cAMP levels by enzyme immunoassay. Corresponding with the functional results, 5-HT only transiently increased cAMP content, but caused a less quickly declining phosphorylation of PLB and did not significantly change TnI phosphorylation. Under combined PDE3 and PDE4 inhibition, the 5-HT-induced increase in cAMP levels and PLB phosphorylation was enhanced and sustained, and TnI phosphorylation was now also increased. Responses to prucalopride per se and the influence thereupon of PDE3 and PDE4 inhibition were similar except that responses were generally smaller. Stimulation of pGC together with PDE4 inhibition increased 5-HT-induced PLB phosphorylation compared to 5-HT alone, consistent with functional responses. sGC stimulation hastened the fade of inotropic responses to 5-HT, while cAMP levels were not altered. PDE3 and PDE4 control the cAMP response to 5-HT4 receptor activation, causing a dampening of downstream signalling. Stimulation of pGC is able to enhance inotropic responses to 5-HT by increasing cAMP levels, while sGC stimulation decreases contraction to 5-HT cAMP independently.
Keywords
GUANYLYL CYCLASE, PROTEIN-KINASE, NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE, NITRIC-OXIDE, CYCLIC-GMP, FAILING HUMAN HEARTS, POSITIVE INOTROPIC RESPONSE, CARDIAC CONTRACTILE FUNCTION, cGMP, 5-HT4 receptor, Pig atrium, Phosphodiesterases, cAMP, CA2+ CURRENT, CROSS-TALK

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Chicago
Weninger, Sabine, Joris H De Maeyer, and Romain Lefebvre. 2013. “Influence of Phosphodiesterases and cGMP on cAMP Generation and on Phosphorylation of Phospholamban and Troponin I by 5-HT4 Receptor Activation in Porcine Left Atrium.” Naunyn-schmiedebergs Archives of Pharmacology 386 (8): 671–684.
APA
Weninger, S., De Maeyer, J. H., & Lefebvre, R. (2013). Influence of phosphodiesterases and cGMP on cAMP generation and on phosphorylation of phospholamban and troponin I by 5-HT4 receptor activation in porcine left atrium. NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERGS ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY, 386(8), 671–684.
Vancouver
1.
Weninger S, De Maeyer JH, Lefebvre R. Influence of phosphodiesterases and cGMP on cAMP generation and on phosphorylation of phospholamban and troponin I by 5-HT4 receptor activation in porcine left atrium. NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERGS ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY. 2013;386(8):671–84.
MLA
Weninger, Sabine, Joris H De Maeyer, and Romain Lefebvre. “Influence of Phosphodiesterases and cGMP on cAMP Generation and on Phosphorylation of Phospholamban and Troponin I by 5-HT4 Receptor Activation in Porcine Left Atrium.” NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERGS ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY 386.8 (2013): 671–684. Print.
@article{4259209,
  abstract     = {Our objective was to investigate the role of phosphodiesterase (PDE)3 and PDE4 and cGMP in the control of cAMP metabolism and of phosphorylation of troponin I (TnI) and phospholamban (PLB) when 5-HT4 receptors are activated in pig left atrium. Electrically paced porcine left atrial muscles, mounted in organ baths, received stimulators of particulate guanylyl cyclase (pGC) or soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) and/or specific PDE inhibitors followed by 5-HT or the 5-HT4 receptor agonist prucalopride. Muscles were freeze-clamped at different moments of exposure to measure phosphorylation of the cAMP/protein kinase A targets TnI and PLB by immunoblotting and cAMP levels by enzyme immunoassay. Corresponding with the functional results, 5-HT only transiently increased cAMP content, but caused a less quickly declining phosphorylation of PLB and did not significantly change TnI phosphorylation. Under combined PDE3 and PDE4 inhibition, the 5-HT-induced increase in cAMP levels and PLB phosphorylation was enhanced and sustained, and TnI phosphorylation was now also increased. Responses to prucalopride per se and the influence thereupon of PDE3 and PDE4 inhibition were similar except that responses were generally smaller. Stimulation of pGC together with PDE4 inhibition increased 5-HT-induced PLB phosphorylation compared to 5-HT alone, consistent with functional responses. sGC stimulation hastened the fade of inotropic responses to 5-HT, while cAMP levels were not altered. PDE3 and PDE4 control the cAMP response to 5-HT4 receptor activation, causing a dampening of downstream signalling. Stimulation of pGC is able to enhance inotropic responses to 5-HT by increasing cAMP levels, while sGC stimulation decreases contraction to 5-HT cAMP independently.},
  author       = {Weninger, Sabine and De Maeyer, Joris H and Lefebvre, Romain},
  issn         = {0028-1298},
  journal      = {NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERGS ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {671--684},
  title        = {Influence of phosphodiesterases and cGMP on cAMP generation and on phosphorylation of phospholamban and troponin I by 5-HT4 receptor activation in porcine left atrium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00210-013-0855-2},
  volume       = {386},
  year         = {2013},
}

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