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Fine-scale mapping of vector habitats using very high resolution satellite imagery: a liver fluke case-study

(2014) GEOSPATIAL HEALTH. 8(3). p.S671-S683
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Abstract
The visualization of vector occurrence in space and time is an important aspect of studying vector-borne diseases. Detailed maps of possible vector habitats provide valuable information for the prediction of infection risk zones but are currently lacking for most parts of the world. Nonetheless, monitoring vector habitats from the finest scales up to farm level is of key importance to refine currently existing broad-scale infection risk models. Using Fasciola hepatica, a parasite liver fluke as a case in point, this study illustrates the potential of very high resolution (VHR) optical satellite imagery to efficiently and semi-automatically detect detailed vector habitats. A WorldView2 satellite image capable of <5m resolution was acquired in the spring of 2013 for the area around Bruges, Belgium, a region where dairy farms suffer from liver fluke infections transmitted by freshwater snails. The vector thrives in small water bodies (SWBs), such as ponds, ditches and other humid areas consisting of open water, aquatic vegetation and/or inundated grass. These water bodies can be as small as a few m(2) and are most often not present on existing land cover maps because of their small size. We present a classification procedure based on object-based image analysis (OBIA) that proved valuable to detect SWBs at a fine scale in an operational and semi-automated way. The classification results were compared to field and other reference data such as existing broad-scale maps and expert knowledge. Overall, the SWB detection accuracy reached up to 87%. The resulting fine-scale SWB map can be used as input for spatial distribution modelling of the liver fluke snail vector to enable development of improved infection risk mapping and management advice adapted to specific, local farm situations.
Keywords
liver fluke, Fasciola hepatica, small water body mapping, object-based image analysis, Belgium, GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION-SYSTEMS, FASCIOLA-HEPATICA, BOVINE FASCIOLIASIS, LYMNAEA-TRUNCATULA, WETLAND INVENTORY, RISK, CLASSIFICATION, CATTLE, TRANSMISSION, MODEL

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Chicago
De Roeck, Els, Frieke Vancoillie, Robert De Wulf, Karen Soenen, Johannes Charlier, Jozef Vercruysse, Wouter Hantson, Els Ducheyne, and Guy Hendrickx. 2014. “Fine-scale Mapping of Vector Habitats Using Very High Resolution Satellite Imagery: a Liver Fluke Case-study.” Geospatial Health 8 (3): S671–S683.
APA
De Roeck, E., Vancoillie, F., De Wulf, R., Soenen, K., Charlier, J., Vercruysse, J., Hantson, W., et al. (2014). Fine-scale mapping of vector habitats using very high resolution satellite imagery: a liver fluke case-study. GEOSPATIAL HEALTH, 8(3), S671–S683.
Vancouver
1.
De Roeck E, Vancoillie F, De Wulf R, Soenen K, Charlier J, Vercruysse J, et al. Fine-scale mapping of vector habitats using very high resolution satellite imagery: a liver fluke case-study. GEOSPATIAL HEALTH. 2014;8(3):S671–S683.
MLA
De Roeck, Els, Frieke Vancoillie, Robert De Wulf, et al. “Fine-scale Mapping of Vector Habitats Using Very High Resolution Satellite Imagery: a Liver Fluke Case-study.” GEOSPATIAL HEALTH 8.3 (2014): S671–S683. Print.
@article{4256418,
  abstract     = {The visualization of vector occurrence in space and time is an important aspect of studying vector-borne diseases. Detailed maps of possible vector habitats provide valuable information for the prediction of infection risk zones but are currently lacking for most parts of the world. Nonetheless, monitoring vector habitats from the finest scales up to farm level is of key importance to refine currently existing broad-scale infection risk models. Using Fasciola hepatica, a parasite liver fluke as a case in point, this study illustrates the potential of very high resolution (VHR) optical satellite imagery to efficiently and semi-automatically detect detailed vector habitats. A WorldView2 satellite image capable of {\textlangle}5m resolution was acquired in the spring of 2013 for the area around Bruges, Belgium, a region where dairy farms suffer from liver fluke infections transmitted by freshwater snails. The vector thrives in small water bodies (SWBs), such as ponds, ditches and other humid areas consisting of open water, aquatic vegetation and/or inundated grass. These water bodies can be as small as a few m(2) and are most often not present on existing land cover maps because of their small size. We present a classification procedure based on object-based image analysis (OBIA) that proved valuable to detect SWBs at a fine scale in an operational and semi-automated way. The classification results were compared to field and other reference data such as existing broad-scale maps and expert knowledge. Overall, the SWB detection accuracy reached up to 87\%. The resulting fine-scale SWB map can be used as input for spatial distribution modelling of the liver fluke snail vector to enable development of improved infection risk mapping and management advice adapted to specific, local farm situations.},
  author       = {De Roeck, Els and Vancoillie, Frieke and De Wulf, Robert and Soenen, Karen and Charlier, Johannes and Vercruysse, Jozef and Hantson, Wouter and Ducheyne, Els and Hendrickx, Guy},
  issn         = {1827-1987},
  journal      = {GEOSPATIAL HEALTH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {S671--S683},
  title        = {Fine-scale mapping of vector habitats using very high resolution satellite imagery: a liver fluke case-study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/gh.2014.296},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2014},
}

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