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Food consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in European children: the IDEFICS study

(2013) PEDIATRIC OBESITY. 8(3). p.225-236
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Abstract
Objective: To investigate food consumption in relation to clustered cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Methods: Children (n=5548, 51.6% boys) from eight European countries participated in the IDEFICS study baseline survey (20072008). Z-scores of individual CVD risk factors were summed to compute sex- and age-specific (2<6years/69years) clustered CVD risk scores A (all components, except cardiorespiratory fitness) and B (all components). The association of clustered CVD risk and tertiles of food group consumption was examined. Results: Odds ratio (OR) of having clustered CVD risk A increased in older children with higher consumption of chocolate and nut-based spreads (boys: OR=0.46; 95% CI=0.320.69; girls: OR=0.60; 95% CI=0.420.86), jam and honey (girls: OR=0.45; 95% CI=0.260.78) and sweets (boys: OR=0.69; 95% CI=0.480.98). OR of being at risk significantly increased with the highest consumption of soft drinks (younger boys) and manufactured juices (older girls). Concerning CVD risk score B, older boys and girls in the highest tertile of consumption of breakfast cereals were 0.41 (95% CI=0.210.79) and 0.45 (95% CI=0.220.93) times, respectively, less likely to be at risk than those in tertile 1. Conclusions: High consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and low intake of breakfast cereals, jam and honey, sweets and chocolate and nut-based spreads seem to adversely affect clustered CVD risk.
Keywords
SAMPLE, ADOLESCENTS, FREQUENCIES, OVERWEIGHT, DISEASE, Cardiovascular risk factors, children, European cohort, food consumption, METABOLIC SYNDROME, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, CHILDHOOD OBESITY, DIETARY-INTAKE, INSULIN RESISTANCE

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Bel-Serrat, S, T Mouratidou, C Börnhorst, J Peplies, Stefaan De Henauw, S Marild, D Molnár, et al. 2013. “Food Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in European Children: The IDEFICS Study.” Pediatric Obesity 8 (3): 225–236.
APA
Bel-Serrat, S, Mouratidou, T., Börnhorst, C., Peplies, J., De Henauw, S., Marild, S., Molnár, D., et al. (2013). Food consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in European children: the IDEFICS study. PEDIATRIC OBESITY, 8(3), 225–236.
Vancouver
1.
Bel-Serrat S, Mouratidou T, Börnhorst C, Peplies J, De Henauw S, Marild S, et al. Food consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in European children: the IDEFICS study. PEDIATRIC OBESITY. 2013;8(3):225–36.
MLA
Bel-Serrat, S, T Mouratidou, C Börnhorst, et al. “Food Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in European Children: The IDEFICS Study.” PEDIATRIC OBESITY 8.3 (2013): 225–236. Print.
@article{4253590,
  abstract     = {Objective: To investigate food consumption in relation to clustered cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk.
Methods: Children (n=5548, 51.6\% boys) from eight European countries participated in the IDEFICS study baseline survey (20072008). Z-scores of individual CVD risk factors were summed to compute sex- and age-specific (2{\textlangle}6years/69years) clustered CVD risk scores A (all components, except cardiorespiratory fitness) and B (all components). The association of clustered CVD risk and tertiles of food group consumption was examined.
Results: Odds ratio (OR) of having clustered CVD risk A increased in older children with higher consumption of chocolate and nut-based spreads (boys: OR=0.46; 95\% CI=0.320.69; girls: OR=0.60; 95\% CI=0.420.86), jam and honey (girls: OR=0.45; 95\% CI=0.260.78) and sweets (boys: OR=0.69; 95\% CI=0.480.98). OR of being at risk significantly increased with the highest consumption of soft drinks (younger boys) and manufactured juices (older girls). Concerning CVD risk score B, older boys and girls in the highest tertile of consumption of breakfast cereals were 0.41 (95\% CI=0.210.79) and 0.45 (95\% CI=0.220.93) times, respectively, less likely to be at risk than those in tertile 1.
Conclusions: High consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and low intake of breakfast cereals, jam and honey, sweets and chocolate and nut-based spreads seem to adversely affect clustered CVD risk.},
  author       = {Bel-Serrat, S and Mouratidou, T and B{\"o}rnhorst, C and Peplies, J and De Henauw, Stefaan and Marild, S and Moln{\'a}r, D and Siani, A and Tornaritis, M and Veidebaum, T and Krogh, V and Moreno, LA},
  issn         = {2047-6310},
  journal      = {PEDIATRIC OBESITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {225--236},
  title        = {Food consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in European children: the IDEFICS study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00107.x},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2013},
}

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