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Changes in physical fitness and sports participation among children with different levels of motor competence: a two-year longitudinal study

Job Fransen, Dieter Deprez, Johan Pion UGent, Isabel Tallir UGent, Eva D'Hondt UGent, Roel Vaeyens UGent, Matthieu Lenoir UGent and Renaat Philippaerts (2014) PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE. 26(1). p.11-21
abstract
The goal of this study was to investigate differences in physical fitness and sports participation over two years in children with relatively high, average and low motor competence. Physical fitness and gross motor coordination of 501 children between 6-10 years were measured at baseline and baseline+2 years. The sample compromised 2 age cohorts: 6.00-7.99 and 8.00-9.99 years. An age and sex-specific motor quotient at baseline testing was used to subdivide these children into low (MQ<P33), average (P33≤MQ<P66) and high (MQ≥P66) motor competence groups. Measures of sports participation were obtained through a physical activity questionnaire in 278 of the same children. Repeated Measures MANCOVA and two separate ANOVAs were used to analyze differences in changes in physical fitness and measures of sports participation respectively. Children with high motor competence scored better on physical fitness tests and participated in sports more often. Since physical fitness levels between groups changed similarly over time, low motor competent children might be at risk of being less physically fit throughout their life. Furthermore, since low motor competent children participate less in sports, they have fewer opportunities of developing motor abilities and physical fitness and this may further prevent them from catching up with their peers with an average or high motor competence.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
physical activity, physical fitness, pediatrics, DEVELOPMENTAL COORDINATION DISORDER, ACTIVITY-DEFICIT, CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS, MOVEMENT DIFFICULTIES, ADOLESCENTS, CHILDHOOD, ADULTS, TRAJECTORIES, HYPOTHESIS, EXPERIENCE
journal title
PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE
Pediatr. Exerc. Sci.
volume
26
issue
1
pages
11 - 21
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000334151500003
JCR category
PEDIATRICS
JCR impact factor
1.452 (2014)
JCR rank
63/120 (2014)
JCR quartile
3 (2014)
ISSN
0899-8493
DOI
10.1123/pes.2013-0005
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
4250748
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-4250748
date created
2014-01-27 14:26:42
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:43:27
@article{4250748,
  abstract     = {The goal of this study was to investigate differences in physical fitness and sports participation over two years in children with relatively high, average and low motor competence. Physical fitness and gross motor coordination of 501 children between 6-10 years were measured at baseline and baseline+2 years. The sample compromised 2 age cohorts: 6.00-7.99 and 8.00-9.99 years. An age and sex-specific motor quotient at baseline testing was used to subdivide these children into low (MQ{\textlangle}P33), average (P33\ensuremath{\leq}MQ{\textlangle}P66) and high (MQ\ensuremath{\geq}P66) motor competence groups. Measures of sports participation were obtained through a physical activity questionnaire in 278 of the same children. Repeated Measures MANCOVA and two separate ANOVAs were used to analyze differences in changes in physical fitness and measures of sports participation respectively. Children with high motor competence scored better on physical fitness tests and participated in sports more often. Since physical fitness levels between groups changed similarly over time, low motor competent children might be at risk of being less physically fit throughout their life. Furthermore, since low motor competent children participate less in sports, they have fewer opportunities of developing motor abilities and physical fitness and this may further prevent them from catching up with their peers with an average or high motor competence.},
  author       = {Fransen, Job and Deprez, Dieter and Pion, Johan and Tallir, Isabel and D'Hondt, Eva and Vaeyens, Roel and Lenoir, Matthieu and Philippaerts, Renaat},
  issn         = {0899-8493},
  journal      = {PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {physical activity,physical fitness,pediatrics,DEVELOPMENTAL COORDINATION DISORDER,ACTIVITY-DEFICIT,CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS,MOVEMENT DIFFICULTIES,ADOLESCENTS,CHILDHOOD,ADULTS,TRAJECTORIES,HYPOTHESIS,EXPERIENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {11--21},
  title        = {Changes in physical fitness and sports participation among children with different levels of motor competence: a two-year longitudinal study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/pes.2013-0005},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2014},
}

Chicago
Fransen, Job, Dieter Deprez, Johan Pion, Isabel Tallir, Eva D’Hondt, Roel Vaeyens, Matthieu Lenoir, and Renaat Philippaerts. 2014. “Changes in Physical Fitness and Sports Participation Among Children with Different Levels of Motor Competence: a Two-year Longitudinal Study.” Pediatric Exercise Science 26 (1): 11–21.
APA
Fransen, Job, Deprez, D., Pion, J., Tallir, I., D’Hondt, E., Vaeyens, R., Lenoir, M., et al. (2014). Changes in physical fitness and sports participation among children with different levels of motor competence: a two-year longitudinal study. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 26(1), 11–21.
Vancouver
1.
Fransen J, Deprez D, Pion J, Tallir I, D’Hondt E, Vaeyens R, et al. Changes in physical fitness and sports participation among children with different levels of motor competence: a two-year longitudinal study. PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE. 2014;26(1):11–21.
MLA
Fransen, Job, Dieter Deprez, Johan Pion, et al. “Changes in Physical Fitness and Sports Participation Among Children with Different Levels of Motor Competence: a Two-year Longitudinal Study.” PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE 26.1 (2014): 11–21. Print.