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Echinimonas agarilytica gen. nov., sp. nov., a new gammaproteobacterium isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius

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Abstract
A novel Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic and motile bacterial strain, designated KMM 6351(T), was isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius and examined using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that the strain formed a distinct phyletic line in the class Gammaproteobacteria and was most closely related to the genera Aliivibrio, Photobacterium and Vibrio. Strain KMM 6351(T) grows at 4-40 A degrees C and with 0.5-12 % NaCl and decomposes aesculin, agar, gelatin, starch, chitin and DNA. The DNA G+C content of the strain was determined to be 46.1 mol%. The prevalent fatty acids were found to be C-16:0, C-18:1 omega 7c, C-12:0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C-16:1 omega 7c and/or iso-C-15:0 2-OH fatty acids). The major polar lipids were determined to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified aminolipid. The predominant ubiquinone was found to be Q-8. The results of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic analyses clearly indicated that the novel strain should be assigned to a new genus and species within the class gamma-Proteobacteria for which the name Echinimonas agarilytica gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6351(T) (=KCTC 22996(T) = LMG 25420(T)).
Keywords
gamma-Proteobacteria, Echinimonas agarilytica gen. nov.sp nov., Marine bacteria, Phylogeny, Sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius, PHYLOTYPES, ACID, BACTERIUM

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Chicago
Nedashkovskaya, Olga I, Anna M Stenkova, Natalia V Zhukova, Stefanie Van Trappen, Jung-Sook Lee, and Seung Bum Kim. 2013. “Echinimonas Agarilytica Gen. Nov., Sp. Nov., a New Gammaproteobacterium Isolated from the Sea Urchin Strongylocentrotus Intermedius.” Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology 103 (1): 69–77.
APA
Nedashkovskaya, O. I., Stenkova, A. M., Zhukova, N. V., Van Trappen, S., Lee, J.-S., & Kim, S. B. (2013). Echinimonas agarilytica gen. nov., sp. nov., a new gammaproteobacterium isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius. ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 103(1), 69–77.
Vancouver
1.
Nedashkovskaya OI, Stenkova AM, Zhukova NV, Van Trappen S, Lee J-S, Kim SB. Echinimonas agarilytica gen. nov., sp. nov., a new gammaproteobacterium isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius. ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY. 2013;103(1):69–77.
MLA
Nedashkovskaya, Olga I, Anna M Stenkova, Natalia V Zhukova, et al. “Echinimonas Agarilytica Gen. Nov., Sp. Nov., a New Gammaproteobacterium Isolated from the Sea Urchin Strongylocentrotus Intermedius.” ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY 103.1 (2013): 69–77. Print.
@article{4246102,
  abstract     = {A novel Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic and motile bacterial strain, designated KMM 6351(T), was isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius and examined using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that the strain formed a distinct phyletic line in the class Gammaproteobacteria and was most closely related to the genera Aliivibrio, Photobacterium and Vibrio. Strain KMM 6351(T) grows at 4-40 A degrees C and with 0.5-12 \% NaCl and decomposes aesculin, agar, gelatin, starch, chitin and DNA. The DNA G+C content of the strain was determined to be 46.1 mol\%. The prevalent fatty acids were found to be C-16:0, C-18:1 omega 7c, C-12:0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C-16:1 omega 7c and/or iso-C-15:0 2-OH fatty acids). The major polar lipids were determined to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified aminolipid. The predominant ubiquinone was found to be Q-8. The results of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic analyses clearly indicated that the novel strain should be assigned to a new genus and species within the class gamma-Proteobacteria for which the name Echinimonas agarilytica gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6351(T) (=KCTC 22996(T) = LMG 25420(T)).},
  author       = {Nedashkovskaya, Olga I and Stenkova, Anna M and Zhukova, Natalia V and Van Trappen, Stefanie and Lee, Jung-Sook and Kim, Seung Bum},
  issn         = {0003-6072},
  journal      = {ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {gamma-Proteobacteria,Echinimonas agarilytica gen. nov.sp nov.,Marine bacteria,Phylogeny,Sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius,PHYLOTYPES,ACID,BACTERIUM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {69--77},
  title        = {Echinimonas agarilytica gen. nov., sp. nov., a new gammaproteobacterium isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10482-012-9787-y},
  volume       = {103},
  year         = {2013},
}

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