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Increased carbon and nitrogen supplementation in Artemia culture ponds results in higher cyst yields

(2013) AQUACULTURE INTERNATIONAL. 21(6). p.1343-1354
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Abstract
This paper studied the effects of increased carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) supplementation in pond production of Artemia franciscana cysts in southern Vietnam. Pig manure and tapioca were used to supplement the natural food of Artemia in the ponds at a fixed C/N ratio 10. Addition of pig manure and tapioca at a standard rate (0.210 kg ww and 0.319 kg dw pond(-1) day(-1), respectively) was used as control. Increasing amounts of supplementation (110, 115, and 120 % of the control) were applied in three treatments. During the 6-week culture period, extra C and N supplementation resulted in a better growth, faster maturation, and higher fecundity of Artemia when compared to the control. Total cyst production was the highest (9.96 kg ww ha(-1)) at the supplementation level 10 % higher than the control; the lowest cyst production was found in the control (2.84 kg ww ha(-1)). Increasing the supplementation of C and N at levels 110, 115, and 120 % of the control at C/N ratio 10 may have stimulated the formation of bioflocs in the hypersaline Artemia ponds and helped to improve conditions for increasing cyst yields.
Keywords
Artemia cysts, Pond production, Carbon and nitrogen supplementation, Bioflocs, CARBOHYDRATE ADDITION, LITOPENAEUS-VANNAMEI, AQUACULTURE SYSTEMS, BIOFLOC TECHNOLOGY, HIGH-INTENSITY, BRINE SHRIMP, EXCHANGE, NUTRIENT, GROWTH, RATIO

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MLA
Sui, Li Ying, J Wang, Hong Van Nguyen Thi, et al. “Increased Carbon and Nitrogen Supplementation in Artemia Culture Ponds Results in Higher Cyst Yields.” AQUACULTURE INTERNATIONAL 21.6 (2013): 1343–1354. Print.
APA
Sui, L. Y., Wang, J., Nguyen Thi, H. V., Sorgeloos, P., Bossier, P., & Van Stappen, G. (2013). Increased carbon and nitrogen supplementation in Artemia culture ponds results in higher cyst yields. AQUACULTURE INTERNATIONAL, 21(6), 1343–1354.
Chicago author-date
Sui, Li Ying, J Wang, Hong Van Nguyen Thi, Patrick Sorgeloos, Peter Bossier, and Gilbert Van Stappen. 2013. “Increased Carbon and Nitrogen Supplementation in Artemia Culture Ponds Results in Higher Cyst Yields.” Aquaculture International 21 (6): 1343–1354.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Sui, Li Ying, J Wang, Hong Van Nguyen Thi, Patrick Sorgeloos, Peter Bossier, and Gilbert Van Stappen. 2013. “Increased Carbon and Nitrogen Supplementation in Artemia Culture Ponds Results in Higher Cyst Yields.” Aquaculture International 21 (6): 1343–1354.
Vancouver
1.
Sui LY, Wang J, Nguyen Thi HV, Sorgeloos P, Bossier P, Van Stappen G. Increased carbon and nitrogen supplementation in Artemia culture ponds results in higher cyst yields. AQUACULTURE INTERNATIONAL. 2013;21(6):1343–54.
IEEE
[1]
L. Y. Sui, J. Wang, H. V. Nguyen Thi, P. Sorgeloos, P. Bossier, and G. Van Stappen, “Increased carbon and nitrogen supplementation in Artemia culture ponds results in higher cyst yields,” AQUACULTURE INTERNATIONAL, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1343–1354, 2013.
@article{4245108,
  abstract     = {{This paper studied the effects of increased carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) supplementation in pond production of Artemia franciscana cysts in southern Vietnam. Pig manure and tapioca were used to supplement the natural food of Artemia in the ponds at a fixed C/N ratio 10. Addition of pig manure and tapioca at a standard rate (0.210 kg ww and 0.319 kg dw pond(-1) day(-1), respectively) was used as control. Increasing amounts of supplementation (110, 115, and 120 % of the control) were applied in three treatments. During the 6-week culture period, extra C and N supplementation resulted in a better growth, faster maturation, and higher fecundity of Artemia when compared to the control. Total cyst production was the highest (9.96 kg ww ha(-1)) at the supplementation level 10 % higher than the control; the lowest cyst production was found in the control (2.84 kg ww ha(-1)). Increasing the supplementation of C and N at levels 110, 115, and 120 % of the control at C/N ratio 10 may have stimulated the formation of bioflocs in the hypersaline Artemia ponds and helped to improve conditions for increasing cyst yields.}},
  author       = {{Sui, Li Ying and Wang, J and Nguyen Thi, Hong Van and Sorgeloos, Patrick and Bossier, Peter and Van Stappen, Gilbert}},
  issn         = {{0967-6120}},
  journal      = {{AQUACULTURE INTERNATIONAL}},
  keywords     = {{Artemia cysts,Pond production,Carbon and nitrogen supplementation,Bioflocs,CARBOHYDRATE ADDITION,LITOPENAEUS-VANNAMEI,AQUACULTURE SYSTEMS,BIOFLOC TECHNOLOGY,HIGH-INTENSITY,BRINE SHRIMP,EXCHANGE,NUTRIENT,GROWTH,RATIO}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{6}},
  pages        = {{1343--1354}},
  title        = {{Increased carbon and nitrogen supplementation in Artemia culture ponds results in higher cyst yields}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-013-9637-6}},
  volume       = {{21}},
  year         = {{2013}},
}

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