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Increased susceptibility to proactive interference in adults with dyslexia?

(2015) MEMORY. 23(2). p.268-277
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Abstract
Recent findings show that people with dyslexia have an impairment in serial-order memory. Based on these findings, the present study aimed to test the hypothesis that people with dyslexia have difficulties dealing with proactive interference in recognition memory. A group of 25 adults with dyslexia and a group of matched controls were subjected to a 2-back recognition task, which required participants to indicate whether an item (mis)matched the item that had been presented 2 trials before. Proactive interference was elicited using lure trials in which the item matched the item in the 3-back position instead of the targeted 2-back position. Our results demonstrate that the introduction of lure trials affected 2-back recognition performance more severely in the dyslexic group than in the control group, suggesting greater difficulty in resisting proactive interference in dyslexia.
Keywords
recollection, serial-order processing, proactive interference, dyslexia, working memory, SHORT-TERM RECOGNITION, WORKING-MEMORY, DEVELOPMENTAL DYSLEXIA, READING DISABILITIES, DEFICIT, CHILDREN, RECALL, INFORMATION, FAMILIARITY, INHIBITION

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Bogaerts, Louisa, Arnaud Szmalec, Wibke Maria Hachmann, et al. “Increased Susceptibility to Proactive Interference in Adults with Dyslexia?” MEMORY 23.2 (2015): 268–277. Print.
APA
Bogaerts, L., Szmalec, A., Hachmann, W. M., Page, M. P., Woumans, E., & Duyck, W. (2015). Increased susceptibility to proactive interference in adults with dyslexia? MEMORY, 23(2), 268–277.
Chicago author-date
Bogaerts, Louisa, Arnaud Szmalec, Wibke Maria Hachmann, Mike PA Page, Evy Woumans, and Wouter Duyck. 2015. “Increased Susceptibility to Proactive Interference in Adults with Dyslexia?” Memory 23 (2): 268–277.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Bogaerts, Louisa, Arnaud Szmalec, Wibke Maria Hachmann, Mike PA Page, Evy Woumans, and Wouter Duyck. 2015. “Increased Susceptibility to Proactive Interference in Adults with Dyslexia?” Memory 23 (2): 268–277.
Vancouver
1.
Bogaerts L, Szmalec A, Hachmann WM, Page MP, Woumans E, Duyck W. Increased susceptibility to proactive interference in adults with dyslexia? MEMORY. 2015;23(2):268–77.
IEEE
[1]
L. Bogaerts, A. Szmalec, W. M. Hachmann, M. P. Page, E. Woumans, and W. Duyck, “Increased susceptibility to proactive interference in adults with dyslexia?,” MEMORY, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 268–277, 2015.
@article{4230158,
  abstract     = {Recent findings show that people with dyslexia have an impairment in serial-order memory. Based on these findings, the present study aimed to test the hypothesis that people with dyslexia have difficulties dealing with proactive interference in recognition memory. A group of 25 adults with dyslexia and a group of matched controls were subjected to a 2-back recognition task, which required participants to indicate whether an item (mis)matched the item that had been presented 2 trials before. Proactive interference was elicited using lure trials in which the item matched the item in the 3-back position instead of the targeted 2-back position. Our results demonstrate that the introduction of lure trials affected 2-back recognition performance more severely in the dyslexic group than in the control group, suggesting greater difficulty in resisting proactive interference in dyslexia.},
  author       = {Bogaerts, Louisa and Szmalec, Arnaud and Hachmann, Wibke Maria and Page, Mike PA and Woumans, Evy and Duyck, Wouter},
  issn         = {0965-8211},
  journal      = {MEMORY},
  keywords     = {recollection,serial-order processing,proactive interference,dyslexia,working memory,SHORT-TERM RECOGNITION,WORKING-MEMORY,DEVELOPMENTAL DYSLEXIA,READING DISABILITIES,DEFICIT,CHILDREN,RECALL,INFORMATION,FAMILIARITY,INHIBITION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {268--277},
  title        = {Increased susceptibility to proactive interference in adults with dyslexia?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2014.882957},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2015},
}

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