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Validation of 18F-FDG PET at conventional and delayed intervals for the discrimination of high-grade from low-grade gliomas: a stereotactic PET and MRI study

(2013) CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE. 38(7). p.495-500
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Abstract
Aim: The aim of this study was to validate F-18-FDG PET imaging for differentiating high-grade gliomas (HGGs) from low-grade gliomas (LGGs). Methods: Twenty-one patients with gliomas undergoing a stereotactic biopsy underwent PET scanning at conventional and delayed intervals, diagnostic and stereotactic MR examinations. To calculate the uptake at the biopsy site, a 2-mm voxel was selected. Uptake in this voxel was expressed as a percentage of the average uptake per voxel in the normal brain. The difference in uptake between HGG and LGG at conventional and late intervals and the difference in uptake difference between HGG and LGG at both intervals were analyzed using t tests as well as a mixed-model analysis of variance. Results: At conventional intervals, uptake in LGG was 67% of that in the normal brain. Between early and late intervals, a significant decrease in uptake of 11% (+/- 2.5%) was noted (P = 0.001). Uptake in HGG at conventional intervals was 138% of that in the normal brain. Between early and late intervals, a significant increase in uptake of 43% (+/- 11%) was noted (P = 0.005). The difference in uptake between HGG and LGG was significant both at conventional and delayed intervals (P < 0.001). Moreover, the difference in uptake between both groups was significantly greater (31%) at delayed than at conventional intervals (2%) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The results of this correlative study between tumor grade and F-18-FDG uptake both determined at the stereotactic biopsy site indicate that PET, particularly at delayed intervals, is valid for discriminating LGG from HGG.
Keywords
PERFUSION, HYPERGLYCEMIA, FLUORODEOXYGLUCOSE, F-18-FDG PET, stereotactic biopsy, grading, gliomas, POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY, BRAIN-TUMORS, FDG PET, GLUCOSE-UTILIZATION, DIAGNOSTIC YIELD, PROGNOSTIC VALUE, BIOPSY

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Chicago
Mertens, Koen, Marjan Acou, Jel Van Hauwe, Ine De Ruyck, Caroline Van den Broecke, Jean-Pierre Kalala Okito, Yves D’Asseler, and Ingeborg Goethals. 2013. “Validation of 18F-FDG PET at Conventional and Delayed Intervals for the Discrimination of High-grade from Low-grade Gliomas: a Stereotactic PET and MRI Study.” Clinical Nuclear Medicine 38 (7): 495–500.
APA
Mertens, Koen, Acou, M., Van Hauwe, J., De Ruyck, I., Van den Broecke, C., Kalala Okito, J.-P., D’Asseler, Y., et al. (2013). Validation of 18F-FDG PET at conventional and delayed intervals for the discrimination of high-grade from low-grade gliomas: a stereotactic PET and MRI study. CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE, 38(7), 495–500.
Vancouver
1.
Mertens K, Acou M, Van Hauwe J, De Ruyck I, Van den Broecke C, Kalala Okito J-P, et al. Validation of 18F-FDG PET at conventional and delayed intervals for the discrimination of high-grade from low-grade gliomas: a stereotactic PET and MRI study. CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE. 2013;38(7):495–500.
MLA
Mertens, Koen, Marjan Acou, Jel Van Hauwe, et al. “Validation of 18F-FDG PET at Conventional and Delayed Intervals for the Discrimination of High-grade from Low-grade Gliomas: a Stereotactic PET and MRI Study.” CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE 38.7 (2013): 495–500. Print.
@article{4217092,
  abstract     = {Aim: The aim of this study was to validate F-18-FDG PET imaging for differentiating high-grade gliomas (HGGs) from low-grade gliomas (LGGs).
Methods: Twenty-one patients with gliomas undergoing a stereotactic biopsy underwent PET scanning at conventional and delayed intervals, diagnostic and stereotactic MR examinations. To calculate the uptake at the biopsy site, a 2-mm voxel was selected. Uptake in this voxel was expressed as a percentage of the average uptake per voxel in the normal brain. The difference in uptake between HGG and LGG at conventional and late intervals and the difference in uptake difference between HGG and LGG at both intervals were analyzed using t tests as well as a mixed-model analysis of variance.
Results: At conventional intervals, uptake in LGG was 67\% of that in the normal brain. Between early and late intervals, a significant decrease in uptake of 11\% (+/- 2.5\%) was noted (P = 0.001). Uptake in HGG at conventional intervals was 138\% of that in the normal brain. Between early and late intervals, a significant increase in uptake of 43\% (+/- 11\%) was noted (P = 0.005). The difference in uptake between HGG and LGG was significant both at conventional and delayed intervals (P {\textlangle} 0.001). Moreover, the difference in uptake between both groups was significantly greater (31\%) at delayed than at conventional intervals (2\%) (P {\textlangle} 0.001).
Conclusions: The results of this correlative study between tumor grade and F-18-FDG uptake both determined at the stereotactic biopsy site indicate that PET, particularly at delayed intervals, is valid for discriminating LGG from HGG.},
  author       = {Mertens, Koen and Acou, Marjan and Van Hauwe, Jel and De Ruyck, Ine and Van den Broecke, Caroline and Kalala Okito, Jean-Pierre and D'Asseler, Yves and Goethals, Ingeborg},
  issn         = {0363-9762},
  journal      = {CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE},
  keyword      = {PERFUSION,HYPERGLYCEMIA,FLUORODEOXYGLUCOSE,F-18-FDG PET,stereotactic biopsy,grading,gliomas,POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY,BRAIN-TUMORS,FDG PET,GLUCOSE-UTILIZATION,DIAGNOSTIC YIELD,PROGNOSTIC VALUE,BIOPSY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {495--500},
  title        = {Validation of 18F-FDG PET at conventional and delayed intervals for the discrimination of high-grade from low-grade gliomas: a stereotactic PET and MRI study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0b013e318292a753},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2013},
}

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